Animal

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Pages

Terrestrial (Earth)
Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene, Microscope)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism
Plant Flower, Tree
Animal
Invertebrate Octopus, Ant, Bee, Butterfly, Spider, Lobster
Vertebrate Fish, Seahorse, Ray, Shark, Frog, Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Bat, Rabbit, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Whale, Dolphin, Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

Global Animal.org
Animals (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Animals (Refdesk)
Animals Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

animal : any of a kingdom (Animalia) of living things including many-celled organisms and often many of the single-celled ones (as protozoans) that typically differ from plants in having cells without cellulose walls, in lacking chlorophyll and the capacity for photosynthesis, in requiring more complex food materials (as proteins), in being organized to a greater degree of complexity, and in having the capacity for spontaneous movement and rapid motor responses to stimulation — Webster See also OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia (also called Metazoa). All animals are motile, meaning they can move spontaneously and independently at some point in their lives. Their body plan eventually becomes fixed as they develop, although some undergo a process of metamorphosis later on in their lives. All animals are heterotrophs: they must ingest other organisms or their products for sustenance. — Wikipedia

Animal (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Browse Animals (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia (WorldCat)
Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia (Wikipedia)

Introduction


The Six Basic Animal Groups (ThoughtCo)

Animals (OneZoom Tree of Life Explorer)
(Tree of Life Web Project)

Search

Animals (Wolfram Alpha)

Science

Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems. — Wikipedia


Zoology Resources (Library of Congress)
Encyclopædia Britannica
Outline of zoology (Wikipedia)

Preservation





Association of Zoos & Aquariums
Smithsonian National Zoo

History

History of zoology to 1859 (Wikipedia)
History of zoology since 1859 (Wikipedia)
Timeline of zoology (Wikipedia)

Museum

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
List of natural history museums (Wikipedia)

Library

National Zoological Park Library (Smithsonian Institution Libraries)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education

Virtual Petting Zoo: These are 360° videos — press and hold to explore them!



Great Sites for Kids (ALA)
Animal Systems (Biology4Kids)
Creature feature (National Geographic)

Course



Crash Course Biology (YouTube Channel)


Zoology: Understanding the Animal World (The Great Courses)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Global Animal.org

Organization

Zoological Association of America
Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Event

Pets & Animals (Meetup.com)

News

Science Daily, Science News, Discovery News, Phys.org, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

US Fish & Wildlife Service

Animal Law (Harvard Subject Guides)
Animal Legal and Historical Web Center
Animal health, well-being and rights
Animal rights library (Jeremy Bentham)

Document

USA.gov

Expression



Pearls of the Planet: The Explore Livecam Library (Explore.org)
Explore.org Livecams (YouTube Playlists)



11 Videos of Animals Acting Out Against GoPro Cameras (Rob Walker, Yahoo Tech)

Animals with Cameras (BBC Earth Unplugged, YouTube Playlist)


Fun




Humor

Animals (Rudiments of Wisdom Encyclopedia, Tim Hunkin)

Rumor

Critter Country (Snopes)

Hobby

Pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person’s company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal. Popular pets are often noted for their attractive appearances, intelligence, and relatable personalities.

Two of the most popular pets are dogs and cats. A cat lover is known as an ailurophile and a dog lover is known as cynophile. Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits, ferrets, pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines, and fowl; reptile pets, such as turtles, lizards and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, and frogs; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs. Small pets may be grouped together as pocket pets, while the equine and bovine group include the largest companion animals.

Pets provide their owners (or “guardians”) both physical and emotional benefits. Walking a dog can provide both the human and the dog with exercise, fresh air, and social interaction. Pets can give companionship to people who are living alone or elderly adults who do not have adequate social interaction with other people. There is a medically approved class of therapy animals, mostly dogs or cats, that are brought to visit confined humans, such as children in hospitals or elders in nursing homes. Pet therapy utilizes trained animals and handlers to achieve specific physical, social, cognitive or emotional goals with patients. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica



Pets & Animals (RefDesk)
Pet Educational Center (Pet Coach)

Arts

Animals in literature (Library Thing)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Music


returntotop

More…

Posts on Cosma

  • Animal Vision (2/12/2017) - What if you could see like an animal? Well, now you can! Check out these YouTube 360° Videos from Marshmallow Laser Feast entitled In the Eyes of the Animal. The videos are “experiential” because they were created to be an art installation. Here’s a more “explanatory” YouTube 360° video from BuzzFeed that’s shows what it’s … Continue reading Animal Vision
  • Arbornautics (5/7/2018) - Traditional news stories usually cover a single subject or the straightforward relationship between two subjects. However, every once in awhile, a story comes along that crams a deceptive number of subjects and interesting relationships into a tiny space. Exploring stories like that can be an adventure. Here’s a wonderful, five minute clip from Seeker that’s … Continue reading Arbornautics
  • Barnum’s Critters (8/24/2018) - Barnum’s animals have escaped! Here’s an update about the situation from Inside Edition. Of course, unlike the iconic crackers themselves, the news about them is bittersweet because The Greatest Show on Earth ceased operation back in May 2017. Have you ever wondered what happened to Barnum & Bailey’s real animals? Here’s a short segment from … Continue reading Barnum’s Critters
  • Best cat toy? (7/21/2017) - This site doesn’t usually deal in silly internet memes (list) like cute cat videos, but it is Friday, and this character on YouTube called FlippyCat went and posted this awesome 360° Video. If the think the dominoes art part is cool, and you want to waste more time, head on over and check out the … Continue reading Best cat toy?
  • Bird’s-eye Views (1/29/2019) - Humans tend to interact with animals as if they see the world in pretty much the same way that we do. However, the more scientists study animal vision, the more they tell us that’s just not the way that it is. Furthermore, what scientists know about animal vision goes way beyond the fact that our … Continue reading Bird’s-eye Views
  • Born in China (4/20/2017) - Want to see something cute? Check out this 360° YouTube Video (Click & hold to explore)! The video is a trailer for Disney’s Born in China (Disney, IMDb, Wikipedia, Fandango). It is narrated by John Krasinski and opens in theaters on Friday, April 21st as part of Disney’s celebration of Earth Day on April 21st … Continue reading Born in China
  • Cosma’s Virtual Zoo (11/22/2018) - I’ve been updating the pages on Cosma related to nature for quite awhile. It’s been lots of fun, and I must confess that it probably took longer than it should have. That’s because there are a ridiculous number of great animal videos on YouTube — no surprise, the growing cache of 360° videos are particularly … Continue reading Cosma’s Virtual Zoo
  • Cute Critter Break (2/20/2018) - Here in Boston they have a tradition known as February Break (WGBH) — it’s a lot like a Spring Break, but early. It tends to make me itch for a real Spring Break, early. Soon enough! In the meantime, I couldn’t resist compiling about 10 minutes worth of 360° Videos featuring baby animals so that … Continue reading Cute Critter Break
  • Dogs at Museums (3/26/2018) - Dogs and museums are things that you don’t expect to see in the same sentence very often. However, if you live in the Boston area, then you might have seen them together in the headlines twice lately. The most recent example is the press coverage of the new Museum of Dog that just opened in … Continue reading Dogs at Museums
  • Goat Yoga? (12/12/2018) - Feeling a little stressed out by the holiday season and end of year rush? Need a quick relaxation break? How about a bit of goat yoga? Wait, Goat Yoga? If you haven’t heard of it yet, then it might strike you as a bit strange, but it’s become a real craze over the last year … Continue reading Goat Yoga?
  • Great Eyes o’ the Sea (6/28/2019) - The news is full of stories about how a giant squid was filmed in U.S. waters for the first time. Here’s a slightly enhanced version of the clip that has caused all of the commotion and a link to the companion article by ABC7 that published this clip. Wondrous 10-foot giant squid spotted deep in … Continue reading Great Eyes o’ the Sea
  • Happy Summer, Roar! (6/21/2018) - It’s here! It’s officially summer, and that means that it’s time for summer traditions like barbecues, vacations and loving or hating the newest summer blockbusters. For better or worse, they are here, too — it’s time to either rejoice and head to the nearest cineplex or cringe with derision and run away from the latest … Continue reading Happy Summer, Roar!
  • How Spidey Flies? (7/9/2018) - Have you ever watched a Spider-Man movie and wondered whether real spiders can do anything remotely like what Spidey does? Well, it turns out that they can. However, not even Spidey, or his friends Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, really knew how. No one did, until recently. Just over this past week there have been … Continue reading How Spidey Flies?
  • Jaws vs. Jellies? (7/28/2017) - Have you noticed that there’s a bit of a shark frenzy going on right now? Of course it is at least partly due to this being Discovery Channel’s Shark Week (Discovery, Wikipedia). The nearly 30 year old event has gotten even more notoriety than usual because of the “Michael Phelps Faster Than a Shark?” publicity … Continue reading Jaws vs. Jellies?
  • Jellyfish Therapy (1/24/2019) - Feeling stressed out and need to relax? How about a nice swim in a swarm of jellyfish? What, that’s not a remedy for stress, you say! You mean by using imaginative thinking, right? Well, no, I do mean it literally. There’s an actual place called Jellyfish Lake on Eil Malk island in Palau where you … Continue reading Jellyfish Therapy
  • Lions, Tigers & Bears… (12/10/2016) - With the advent of a wide range of 360° cameras has come a plethora of 360° videos about animals with an equally wide range of quality and depth. The majority of them are relatively home grown, predominantly PSA type productions like these about lions and tigers. There are also some interesting examples with higher production … Continue reading Lions, Tigers & Bears…
  • Lovely Lobsters? (9/16/2017) - Hey, did you know that lobsters are cool creatures? For one thing, they come in a lot of pretty colors. In fact, the New England Aquarium even has a growing collection of rare, brightly colored lobsters. A rare yellow lobster joins New England Aquarium’s multicolored collection (Erica Yee, Boston.com) Ghostly, translucent lobster hauled from ocean … Continue reading Lovely Lobsters?
  • Nutty Nature News (10/5/2018) - I’ve been updating the “nature” related pages on this site, so I’ve spent an abnormal amount of time perusing nature related sites for the last few weeks. Along the way I came across more than my fair share of odd nature stories. Many of them were viral, so you may have seen some of them … Continue reading Nutty Nature News
  • Octopuses from Space! (5/20/2018) - Did you hear the one about the octopuses from space? It sounds like the title of a cheesy sci-fi movie, doesn’t it? But it isn’t, this time, or at least, yet. Instead, it’s actually an oddball theory that’s been put forth in a recently published “scientific” article that’s getting quite a lot of buzz in … Continue reading Octopuses from Space!
  • Penguin Playtime (12/13/2019) - Brrr, baby, it’s cold outside! Let’s embrace it, even celebrate it, by watching some penguins play for a few minutes! Here’s a 360° video of magellanic penguins sledding, right up until and after they knock the camera over and have a good laugh. Okay, truth be known, they were probably making all of that noise … Continue reading Penguin Playtime
  • Planet Earth II (1/30/2017) - One interesting thing that’s been happening recently is that some television shows are being released with 360º features to go along with them. For example, the BBC created a lovely set of six 360º videos to coincide with episodes in their Planet Earth II (BBC) series. In case you haven’t been watching, the new Planet … Continue reading Planet Earth II
  • Rock n’ roll, noise pollution? (7/15/2018) - Is rock and roll noise pollution? If you are a rock and roll fan, then you probably know that this is a question that AC/DC famously weighed in on in their song Rock And Roll Ain’t Noise Pollution (YouTube). If you are a language or communication expert, rock and roll fan or not, you probably … Continue reading Rock n’ roll, noise pollution?
  • Save the babies! (4/20/2019) - Monday, April 22 is Earth Day, and this year’s campaign theme is Protect our Species. Here’s a one minute promo from Defenders of Wildlife featuring a few endangered species. Here’s another one minute video that features a different group of species that are in danger. It struck me that, while those videos are heart wrenching, … Continue reading Save the babies!
  • See animals and … (6/6/2019) - Note: There was helpful feedback on this post, and it’s been edited to reflect some new information. Did you know that you can probably conjure a life-sized virtual animal to where you are right now with just a simple Google search? What’s more, that’s just a glimpse of what you’ll be able to do in … Continue reading See animals and …
  • Shark Encounters! (2/21/2019) - It seems like every time that I encounter news about sharks, they end up seeming less scary and more awe inspiring. The latest example of this happened this week when multiple news outlets reported that the great white shark’s genome has been sequenced, and there were some surprises as well as some good news for … Continue reading Shark Encounters!
  • Smart Crows (9/15/2016) - Rare crow shows a talent for tool use Tool-using crow: Rare bird joins clever animal elite (Victoria Gill, BBC News) Scientists Have Found Another Crow That Uses Tools (Ed Yong, The Atlantic) Discovery of species-wide tool use in the Hawaiian crow (Nature) Find out more about crows…
  • Strange Stays (8/30/2019) - I concluded my last post about Sand Art with highlighting how Booking.com offered the chance to stay in a sandcastle as a promotion for Coney Island’s Sand Sculpting Competition. Here’s a link with more on that unusual “opportunity.” Giant Coney Island sandcastle offers sleepovers (Summer Delaney, WPIX) That may have sounded like a one-off type … Continue reading Strange Stays
  • Super Sexy, Singing Mice (3/7/2019) - It’s not often that mice sneak into the news, but they’ve gotten into it a lot lately. The story that’s gotten the most attention is about how researchers created “super mice” by injecting nanoparticles into their eyes to give them “night vision.” Here’s a video and links to the stories about that research. A shot … Continue reading Super Sexy, Singing Mice
  • Too many sharks? (8/1/2018) - If you watch a lot of television, then you know that last week was the Discovery Channel’s Shark Week. Last year I did a post that coincided with it (Jaws vs. Jellies). However, this year I was leaning towards not doing more of something that is already a tad overdone. The Discovery Channel did add … Continue reading Too many sharks?
  • Under the Ice (6/14/2019) - To paraphrase J.R.R. Tolkien’s famous words in The Lord of the Rings, “It’s a dangerous business, clicking on a link. You glance at a story, and if you don’t watch out, there’s no knowing where you might be swept off to.” This week I innocently clicked on a link to this story from the American … Continue reading Under the Ice
  • Watchable Whales (7/2/2018) - The first week of July is when many Boston area locals head for the hills, or the shore, while vast numbers of tourists flood in to town to visit the Freedom Trail, Haborfest and Boston Pops Fireworks Spectacular. Of course, another popular activity is whale watching (Trip Advisor). That is because it’s only a short … Continue reading Watchable Whales
  • What about animals? (9/8/2017) - Like millions of other people, I’m paying a lot of attention to news about hurricanes right now. Texas is dealing with the aftermath of Harvey while Irma is ravaging everything in its path on its way to Florida. Between that and news about the earthquake in Mexico, it’s hard to find bright spots in ubiquitous … Continue reading What about animals?
  • Why not butterflies? (8/22/2017) - Now that the eclipse has passed, and we all survived with our vision intact (hopefully), it is time to get back to our regular news, right? Unfortunately, I’m not finding anything in my “go to” news feeds all that inspiring right now. Everything seems to range somewhere between the mundane and the terrifying, so I … Continue reading Why not butterflies?

News from Elsewhere

Zoology News -- ScienceDaily Zoology. News and videos on animal life sciences. Read the latest research in zoology. Updated daily.

  • Salmon lose diversity in managed rivers, reducing...
    on December 13, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    The manipulation of rivers in California is jeopardizing the resilience of native Chinook salmon. It compresses their migration timing to the point that they crowd their habitats. They may miss the best window for entering the ocean and growing into adults, new research shows.

  • Climate cycles and insect pests drive migration...
    on December 12, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Biologists have discovered two unexpected drivers for migration timing that dispute long-held assumptions and provide insight into potential future effects of climate change on caribou. First, the start of migration is synchronized across North America and tied to large-scale, ocean-driven climate […]

  • Tiny insects become 'visible' to bats when they...
    on December 12, 2019 at 7:26 pm

    Small insects that would normally be undetectable to bats using echolocation suddenly become detectable when they occur in large swarms.

  • Paleontology: Experiments in evolution
    on December 11, 2019 at 7:57 pm

    A new find from Patagonia sheds light on the evolution of large predatory dinosaurs. Features of the 8-m long specimen from the Middle Jurassic suggest that it records a phase of rapid diversification and evolutionary experimentation.

  • Azteca ant colonies move the same way leopards'...
    on December 11, 2019 at 7:56 pm

    What could Azteca ants in coffee farms in Mexico have in common with leopards' spots and zebras' stripes?


Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Margaret Morse Nice thought like a song sparrow...
    on December 13, 2019 at 3:30 pm

    The invader, puffed out into the shape of a ball, fluttered one wing straight up in the air. He sang constantly and softly, incomplete songs in rapid succession. The defender, silent, hunched his shoulders in a menacing attitude, closely following every move of his foe.

  • Academy scientists describe 71 new species in 2019
    on December 5, 2019 at 9:39 pm

    In 2019, researchers at the California Academy of Sciences added 71 new plant and animal species to our family tree, enriching our understanding of Earth's complex web of life and strengthening our ability to make informed conservation decisions. The new species include 17 fish, 15 geckos, eight […]

  • Migratory birds shrinking as climate warms, new...
    on December 4, 2019 at 2:00 pm

    North American migratory birds have been getting smaller over the past four decades, and their wings have gotten a bit longer. Both changes appear to be responses to a warming climate.

  • Compound eyes: The visual apparatus of today's...
    on December 3, 2019 at 3:41 pm

    The eyes of the extinct sea scorpion Jaekelopterus rhenaniae have the same structure as the eyes of modern horseshoe crabs (Limulidae). The compound eyes of the giant predator exhibited lens cylinders and concentrically organized sensory cells enclosing the end of a highly specialized cell.

  • Harbor porpoise calves exposed to neurotoxic PCBs...
    on December 3, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Harbour porpoise calves around the UK are carrying a more neurotoxic cocktail of PCBs than their mothers, as females unknowingly detoxify themselves by transferring the chemicals while feeding their young, new research reveals today.


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