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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World

See also Data


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



database : a usually large collection of data organized especially for rapid search and retrieval (as by a computer) — Webster

FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Database is an organized collection of data, today typically in digital form. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies). — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Introduction to Databases (Philip Greenspun)





A Timeline of Database History (QuickBase)
Databases (The History of Computing Project)
The birth of the modern computer, RDBMS (History of Computers and Computing)
System R History and the Birth of SQL (History of Computers and Computing)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




Introduction to Databases (Jennifer Widom, Stanford University)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Database Trends and Applications
Database Journal
NPR Archives








OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form




Database Trends and Applications : All Articles RSS feeds from Database Trends and Applications .

  • Privitar and StreamSets Collaborate to Streamline...
    on October 30, 2020 at 3:35 pm

    Privitar, a data privacy platform provider, and StreamSets, provider of a DataOps platform, are forming a new partnership and native product integration designed to help organizations accelerate access to data-driven insights. Through the new native integration, users can leverage StreamSets to design and run data pipelines to their data science and data analytics applications, seamlessly applying Privitar's data privacy policies across all of their execution environments.

  • GoodData Offers its Latest UI Framework as an...
    on October 30, 2020 at 3:35 pm

    GoodData, a global analytics company, is releasing a new version of the GoodData.UI framework for faster and easier development and delivery of data-driven applications. GoodData also open-sourced its library-making the best practices, principles, and tools available to all application developers.

  • StorCentric Acquires Violin Systems
    on October 29, 2020 at 4:20 pm

    StorCentric, a provider of data management solutions, has announced the acquisition of?Violin Systems,?a software-defined all flash storage solutions.

  • Quest Software to Provide Subscription Model of...
    on October 29, 2020 at 4:20 pm

    Quest Software, a global systems management, data protection, and security software provider, is offering Toad for Oracle 14.0, a tool for developers and database administrators that reduces cost and risks. The newest release of Toad for Oracle, a solution within the newly unified Information Systems Management (ISM) business portfolio, allows individual users and small organizations to take advantage of a new Base Edition Subscription offering which provides a desktop subscription that […]

  • CloudBolt OneFuse 1.1 Simplifies Integration...
    on October 29, 2020 at 4:20 pm

    CloudBolt Software, a provider of cloud management and integration solutions, is releasing OneFuse 1.1, a codeless integration platform for automating, extending, and integrating hybrid cloud technologies. This release provides new capabilities to help IT to simplify integration complexity across their cloud management, infrastructure-as-code, and automation platforms including VMware vRealize Automation and HashiCorp Terraform.

  • Is COUNT(rowid) Faster Than COUNT(*)?
    on May 18, 2020 at 8:01 am

    It is believed that count(*) expands to all columns and that count(rowid) is faster.  Read on to see why the opposite might be true.

  • How Many Databases Can You Name?
    on May 11, 2020 at 8:01 am

    There is a huge number of databases available. How many could you name? Create our list and then compare to our list of well over 100 databases!

  • How to Find the Estimation Cost for a Query
    on May 4, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Discover how to estimate the cost of a query. Read on to see an example of how to extract the Estimated Cost for execution plans stored in the procedure cache.  

  • Understanding Views in SQL
    on April 27, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Learn about the concept of views in SQL, and how they work. Read on to see clear examples of how to implement views.

  • Introduction to Azure SQL Database Instance Pools
    on April 20, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Learn about Azure SQL Database Instance Pools and how they they set to provide more flexibility and agility than other Platform-as-a Service SQL Server-based offerings in Azure.