Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life /Animal / Mammal / Elephant


Free School (YouTube Channel)
Free School (Facebook)


elephant : a thickset, usually extremely large, nearly hairless, herbivorous mammal (family Elephantidae, the elephant family) that has a snout elongated into a muscular trunk and two incisors in the upper jaw developed especially in the male into long ivory tusks — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Three species are recognized, the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African forest elephant (L. cyclotis), and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; other, now extinct, members of the order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons. Male African elephants are the largest extant terrestrial animals and can reach a height of 4 m (13 ft) and weigh 7,000 kg (15,000 lb). All elephants have several distinctive features, the most notable of which is a long trunk or proboscis, used for many purposes, particularly breathing, lifting water, and grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. Elephants’ large ear flaps help to control their body temperature. Their pillar-like legs can carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs. — Wikipedia

Elephant (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Elephants (One Zoom)
Elephants (WolframAlpha)



Talks about Elephants (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)
Articles about Elephants (Big Think)




Mammalogy is the study of mammals – a class of vertebrates with characteristics such as homeothermic metabolism, fur, four-chambered hearts, and complex nervous systems. Mammalogy has also been known as “mastology,” “theriology,” and “therology.” The major branches of mammalogy include natural history, taxonomy and systematics, anatomy and physiology, ethology, ecology, and management. — Wikipedia

Mammalogy (Encyclopædia Britannica)

The Science of Mammalogy (The American Society of Mammalogists)




DDC: 599.67 Elephants (Library Thing)
Subject: Elephants (Library Thing)

Subject: Elephants (Open Library)

LCC: QL 737.P98 Elephants (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Elephants (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 737.P98 Elephants (Library of Congress)
Subject: Elephants (Library of Congress)

Subject: Elephants (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


Elephants (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Elephants (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Elephants (JSTOR)
Elephants (Science Daily)
Elephants (Science News)
Elephants (Phys.org)
Elephants (NPR Archives)



Elephant (USA.gov)


More News …

Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • While humans were in strict lockdown, wild...
    on June 10, 2023 at 1:50 pm

    At one point in 2020, 4.4 billion people—more than half of the world's population—were under lockdown restrictions to stem the spread of COVID-19. This was such a sudden and substantial event that it has become known as the anthropause.

  • Why elephants have whiskers on their trunks
    on June 9, 2023 at 2:01 pm

    A team of zoologists from the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research and Berlin Zoological Garden has discovered the purpose of whiskers on elephant trunks. In their project, reported in the journal Communications Biology, the group studied elephant trunks and their whiskers in two ways.

  • Ancient herbivore's diet weakened teeth and lead...
    on June 9, 2023 at 12:00 am

    A team of researchers from the University of Bristol have shed light on the life of the ancient reptile Rhynchosaur, which walked the earth between 250-225 million years ago, before being replaced by the dinosaurs.

  • New study shows land mammals traveled farther...
    on June 8, 2023 at 6:00 pm

    Human behavior changed dramatically during lockdowns in the first months of the global COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in behavioral changes of land mammals. This is according to a study published in Science by a large international research team led by Marlee Tucker, an ecologist at Radboud University. Wild mammals traveled longer distances and appeared closer to roads during strict lockdowns.

  • Lost giants: New study reveals decline in...
    on June 8, 2023 at 6:00 pm

    A new paper focuses on the size and abundance of living and non-living large African mammals. With the use of fossil abundance data it sheds light on the ecological dynamics behind the decline of these iconic creatures. The findings challenge previous assumptions about the causes of megafaunal extinctions in Africa and provide new insights into the restructuring of ecosystems over millions of years. The research is published in the journal Science.


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.