Haumea

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Introduction1

Encyclopedia

Haumea (minor-planet designation 136108 Haumea) is a dwarf planet located beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was discovered in 2004 by a team headed by Mike Brown of Caltech at the Palomar Observatory in the United States. On September 17, 2008, it was named after Haumea, the Hawaiian goddess of childbirth, under the expectation by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) that it would prove to be a dwarf planet. Nominal estimates make it the third-largest known trans-Neptunian object, after Eris and Pluto, though the uncertainty in best-fit modeling slightly overlaps with the larger size estimates for Makemake.

Haumea’s mass is about one-third that of Pluto, and 1/1400 that of Earth. Although its shape has not been directly observed, calculations from its light curve are consistent with it being a Jacobi ellipsoid (the shape it would be if it were a dwarf planet), with its major axis twice as long as its minor. In October 2017, astronomers announced the discovery of a ring system around Haumea, representing the first ring system discovered for a trans-Neptunian object. Haumea’s gravity was until recently thought to be sufficient for it to have relaxed into hydrostatic equilibrium, though that is now unclear. Haumea’s elongated shape together with its rapid rotation, rings, and high albedo, are thought to be the consequences of a giant collision, which left Haumea the largest member of a collisional family that includes several large trans-Neptunian objects and Haumea’s two known moons, Hiʻiaka and Namaka. — Wikipedia

Haumea (Encyclopædia Britannica)

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Innovation

Science

Surprise! Bizarre Dwarf Planet Haumea Has Rings (Harrison Tasoff, Space.com)

Mutual events of Haumea and Namaka (Mike Brown, CalTech)
Haumea (Mike Brown, CalTech)
Haumea (Mike Brown Planets)

Haumea (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA)

Haumea (Wolfram Alpha)

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Preservation

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

Education

Community

Organization

Minor Planet Center (International Astronomical Union)

News

Haumea (Astronomy Magazine)
Haumea (Phys.org)

Book

Haumea (ISBNdb)

Government

Document

Haumea (USA.gov)

returntotop

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Physical

“Fundamentals”
Law (Constant) Relativity
Force Gravity, Electromagnetism (Light, Color)
Matter (Microscope) Molecule, Atom (Periodic Table), Particle

“Space”
Universe (Astronomical Instrument)
Galaxy Milky Way, Andromeda
Planetary System Star, Brown Dwarf, Planet, Moon

Our Neighborhood
Solar System Sun
Terrestrial Planet Mercury, Venus, Earth (Moon), Mars
Asteroid Belt Ceres, Vesta
Jovian Planet Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Trans-Neptunian Object
Kuiper Belt Pluto, Haumea, Makemake
Scattered Disc Eris, Sedna, Planet X
Oort Cloud Etc. Scholz’s Star
Small Body Comet, Centaur, Asteroid

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.