Cosma / Communication / Media / Image




image : (1) optical counterpart of an object produced by an optical device (as a lens or mirror) or an electronic device (2) a visual representation of something such as a likeness of an object produced on photographic material or a picture produced on electronic display (as a television or computer screen) — Webster   See also OneLook

Image (FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing)

graphic : of, relating to, or involving such reproductive methods as those of engraving, etching, lithography, photography, serigraphy, and woodcut — Webster   See also OneLook

Graphics (FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing)


Image is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.

The word ‘image’ is also used in the broader sense of any two-dimensional figure such as a map, a graph, a pie chart, or a painting. In this wider sense, images can also be rendered manually, such as by drawing, the art of painting, carving, rendered automatically by printing or computer graphics technology, or developed by a combination of methods, especially in a pseudo-photograph. — Wikipedia

Image (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Graphics are visual images or designs on some surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen, paper, or stone, to inform, illustrate, or entertain. In contemporary usage, it includes a pictorial representation of data, as in design and manufacture, in typesetting and the graphic arts, and in educational and recreational software. Images that are generated by a computer are called computer graphics. — Wikipedia

Computer graphics deals with generating images with the aid of computers. Today, computer graphics is a core technology in digital photography, film, video games, cell phone and computer displays, and many specialized applications. A great deal of specialized hardware and software has been developed, with the displays of most devices being driven by computer graphics hardware. It is a vast and recently developed area of computer science. The phrase was coined in 1960 by computer graphics researchers Verne Hudson and William Fetter of Boeing. It is often abbreviated as CG, or typically in the context of film as computer generated imagery (CGI). — Wikipedia

Graphics (Encyclopædia Britannica)

CG 101: A Computer Graphics Industry Reference (Terrence Masson)



Hybrid Image (Wikipedia)




The History of Computer Graphics and Digital Art Project (ACM SIGGRAPH)

People Behind the pixels: History of Computer Graphics (Terrence Masson)
The Computer Graphics Book Of Knowledge (Terrence Masson)

Imaging (Engineering and Technology History Wiki)


The Computer Graphics Museum
The Computer and the Image Exhibit (The Computer Museum)


Library of Congress # T385 Computer graphics (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




Computer Graphics Educational Materials Source (ACM SIGGRAPH Education Committee & Eurographics Education Board)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Crash Course: Computer Science (YouTube Channel)



ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH)


ACM Transactions on Graphics
Science Daily
NPR Archives








Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.


Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.