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Mars (Astrum, YouTube Playlist)


Mars : planet fourth from the sun and conspicuous for its red color — Webster   See also   OneLook


Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars, it is often described as the “Red Planet” as the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the volcanoes, valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth. The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are likewise similar to those of Earth, as is the tilt that produces the seasons. Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the highest known mountain within the Solar System, and of Valles Marineris, the largest canyon. — Wikipedia

Mars (Encyclopædia Britannica)



Symphony of Science (Official Site)
Melody Sheep: Remoxes for the Soul (John D. Boswell)
Melody Sheep (YouTube Channel)




Note: This is a 360° Video — press and hold to explore it!

Mars 2020 Rover (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, YouTube Playlist)
Perseverance Mars Rover Mission (NASA)
Perseverance Rover / Ingenuity Helicopter (Mars 2020, NASA)
Perseverance (Planetary Society)
Perseverance Rover (Wikipedia)

Mars (Astrum, YouTube Playlist)

Ingenuity: Mars Helicopter (NASA)
Ingenuity Mission (JPL, NASA)
Ingenuity Helicopter (Wikipedia)

Mars Resources (Staci L. Tiedeken, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center)
Mars Exploration Program (NASA)
Mars Missions (NASA)
Mars (JPL, NASA)

Mars (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, YouTube Playlist)
The Mars Report (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, YouTube Playlist)
Mars in a Minute (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, YouTube Playlist)

Mars, the Red Planet (Planetary Society)
Mars (National Air and Space Museum)

Mars (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
Mars (Wolfram Alpha)
Mars Missions (Wolfram Alpha)



Mars Campaigns (Kickstarter)
Mars Campaigns (Indiegogo)


Mars Gifts (Zazzle)




Early records of Mars’ observation date back to the ancient Egyptian astronomers in the 2nd millennium BCE. Chinese records about the motions of Mars appeared before the founding of the Zhou Dynasty (1045 BCE). Observations of the position of Mars were made by Babylonian astronomers who developed arithmetic techniques to predict the future position of the planet. The ancient Greek philosophers and Hellenistic astronomers developed a geocentric model of the planet’s motions. Measurements of Mars’ angular diameter can be found in ancient Greek and Indian texts. In the 16th century, Nicolaus Copernicus proposed a heliocentric model for the Solar System in which the planets follow circular orbits about the Sun. This was revised by Johannes Kepler, yielding an elliptic orbit for Mars that more accurately fitted the observational data. The first telescopic observation of Mars was by Galileo Galilei in 1610. — Wikipedia

World Science Festival (YouTube Channel)

A Chronology of Mars Exploration (NASA History Division)
Mars Exploration Past Missions (NASA)
Exploration of Mars (Wikipedia)


Library of Congress # QB641 Mars (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




All About Mars (Space Place, NASA)
Mars (Cosmos4Kids)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Crash Course Astronomy (YouTube Playlist)


The Mars Society
Planetary Society
Lunar & Planetary Institute


Mars (Astronomy Magazine)
Mars (Science Daily)
Mars (
Mars (NPR Archives)


Mars (ISBNdb)



Mars (




NASA Movie Trailer Parodies (YouTube Playlist)

Mars (Tim Hunkin, The Rudiments of Wisdom Encyclopedia)


More News …

Mars News -- ScienceDaily Planet Mars News. Read astronomy articles on how Mars could have once supported life, the Mars Rover and more. See images and read full-text articles on Mars exploration.

  • A blueprint for life forms on Mars?
    on June 21, 2022 at 2:56 pm

    Microbes taken from surface sediment near Lost Hammer Spring, Canada, about 900 km south of the North Pole, could provide a blueprint for the kind of life forms that may once have existed, or may still exist, on Mars.

  • Martian meteorite upsets planet formation theory
    on June 16, 2022 at 6:15 pm

    A new study of an old meteorite contradicts current thinking about how rocky planets like the Earth and Mars acquire volatile elements such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and noble gases as they form.

  • Bacterial cellulose could enable microbial life...
    on June 6, 2022 at 10:12 pm

    An international research team has investigated the chances of survival of kombucha cultures under Mars-like conditions. Kombucha is known as a drink, sometimes called tea fungus or mushroom tea, which is produced by fermenting sugared tea using kombucha cultures -- a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast. Although the simulated Martian environment destroyed the microbial ecology of the kombucha cultures, surprisingly, a cellulose-producing bacterial species survived.

  • Physicists explain how type of aurora on Mars is...
    on May 18, 2022 at 3:38 pm

    Researchers have learned how a type of aurora on Mars is formed. The physicists report discrete aurora form through the interaction of the solar wind and the crust at Mars' southern hemisphere.

  • Mars' emitted energy and seasonal energy imbalance
    on May 17, 2022 at 1:31 am

    Seasonal imbalance between the solar energy absorbed and released by the planet Mars could be a cause of the Red Planet's dust storms, according to new research. Understanding how the system works on Mars could help scientists predict how climate change could affect Earth.



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Knowledge Realm


Law (Constant) Relativity
Force Gravity, Electromagnetism (Light, Color)
Matter (Microscope) Molecule, Atom (Periodic Table), Particle

Universe (Astronomical Instrument)
Galaxy Milky Way, Andromeda
Planetary System Star, Brown Dwarf, Planet, Moon

Our Neighborhood
Solar System Sun
Terrestrial Planet Mercury, Venus, Earth (Moon), Mars
Asteroid Belt Ceres, Vesta
Jovian Planet Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Trans-Neptunian Object
Kuiper Belt Pluto, Haumea, Makemake
Scattered Disc Eris, Sedna, Planet X
Oort Cloud Etc. Scholz’s Star
Small Body Comet, Centaur, Asteroid


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