Mercury

Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Physical / Universe / Solar System / Terrestrial/ Mercury
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Introduction1

Dictionary

Mercury : the planet nearest the sun — Webster   See also   OneLook

Encyclopedia

Mercury is the innermost and smallest planet in the Solar System, orbiting the Sun once every 87.969 Earth days. The orbit of Mercury has the highest eccentricity of all the planets, and it has the smallest axial tilt. It completes three rotations about its axis for every two orbits. Mercury is bright when viewed from Earth, ranging from −2.3 to 5.7 in apparent magnitude, but is not easily seen as its greatest angular separation from the Sun is only 28.3°. Since Mercury is normally lost in the glare of the Sun, unless there is a solar eclipse it can be viewed from Earth’s Northern Hemisphere only in morning or evening twilight, while its extreme elongations occur in declinations south of the celestial equator, such that it can be seen at favorable apparitions from moderate latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere in a fully dark sky. — Wikipedia

Mercury (Encyclopædia Britannica)

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Innovation

BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to the planet Mercury. The mission comprises two satellites launched together: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mio (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, MMO). The mission will perform a comprehensive study of Mercury, including characterization of its magnetic field, magnetosphere, and both interior and surface structure. It was launched on an Ariane 5 rocket on 20 October 2018 at 01:45 UTC, with an arrival at Mercury planned for on 5 December 2025, after a flyby of Earth, two flybys of Venus, and six flybys of Mercury. — Wikipedia

BepiColombo will elucidate the mysteries of Mercury JAXA)
BepiColombo (ESA)
BepiColombo (NASA)
BepiColombo (Planetary Society)

Mercury (JPL, NASA)

Mercury, World of Extremes (Planetary Society)
Mercury (National Air and Space Museum)

Mercury (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
Mercury (Wolfram Alpha)

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Preservation

History

MESSENGER was a NASA robotic space probe that orbited the planet Mercury between 2011 and 2015, studying Mercury’s chemical composition, geology, and magnetic field. The name is a backronym for “Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging”, and a reference to the messenger god Mercury from Roman mythology. It was launched aboard a Delta II rocket in August 2004. Its path involved a complex series of flybys – the spacecraft flew by Earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury itself three times, allowing it to decelerate relative to Mercury using minimal fuel. During its first flyby of Mercury in January 2008, MESSENGER became the second mission, after Mariner 10 in 1975, to reach Mercury. MESSENGER entered orbit around Mercury on March 18, 2011, becoming the first spacecraft to do so. It successfully completed its primary mission in 2012. Following two mission extensions, the spacecraft used the last of its maneuvering propellant to deorbit, impacting the surface of Mercury on April 30, 2015. — Wikipedia

VideoFromSpace (YouTube Channel)

MESSENGER Mission (NASA)
MESSENGER (JPL, NASA)

Library

Library of Congress # QB611 Mercury (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

Education

All About Mercury (Space Place, NASA)
Mercury (Cosmos4Kids)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

News

Mercury (Astronomy Magazine)
Mercury (Science Daily)
Mercury (Phys.org)
Mercury (NPR Archives)

Government

Document

Planet Mercury (USA.gov)

returntotop


More News …

Mercury News -- ScienceDaily Planet Mercury News. Read science articles and see images of Mercury.

  • Mercury has magnetic storms
    on March 31, 2022 at 2:16 pm

    An international team of scientists has proved that Mercury, our solar system's smallest planet, has geomagnetic storms similar to those on Earth. Their finding, a first, answers the question of whether other planets, including those outside our solar system, can have geomagnetic storms regardless of the size of their magnetosphere or whether they have an Earth-like ionosphere.

  • Why does Mercury have such a big iron core?
    on July 2, 2021 at 7:43 pm

    A new study disputes the prevailing hypothesis on why Mercury has a big core relative to its mantle. For decades, scientists argued that hit-and-run collisions blew away much of Mercury's rocky mantle and left the big, dense, metal core inside. But new research reveals that collisions are not to blame -- instead, the density, mass and iron content of a rocky planet's core is influenced by its […]

  • Cosmic diamonds formed during gigantic planetary...
    on September 29, 2020 at 4:34 pm

    Geoscientists have found the largest extraterrestrial diamonds ever discovered - a few tenths of a millimeter in size nevertheless - inside meteorites. Together with an international team of researchers, they have now been able to prove that these diamonds formed in the early period of our solar system when minor planets collided together or with large asteroids. These new data disprove the […]

  • Mercury's scorching daytime heat may help it make...
    on March 13, 2020 at 7:53 pm

    Despite Mercury's 400-degree Celsius daytime heat, there is ice at its caps. And now a study shows how that Vulcan scorch probably helps the planet closest to the sun make some of that ice.

  • Mercury has a solid inner core: New evidence
    on April 17, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    Scientists have long known that Earth and Mercury have metallic cores. Like Earth, Mercury's outer core is composed of liquid metal, but there have only been hints that Mercury's innermost core is solid. Now, in a new study, scientists report evidence that Mercury's inner core is indeed solid and that it is very nearly the same size as Earth's solid inner core.

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Physical

“Fundamentals”
Law (Constant) Relativity
Force Gravity, Electromagnetism (Light, Color)
Matter (Microscope) Molecule, Atom (Periodic Table), Particle

“Space”
Universe (Astronomical Instrument)
Galaxy Milky Way, Andromeda
Planetary System Star, Brown Dwarf, Planet, Moon

Our Neighborhood
Solar System Sun
Terrestrial Planet Mercury, Venus, Earth (Moon), Mars
Asteroid Belt Ceres, Vesta
Jovian Planet Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Trans-Neptunian Object
Kuiper Belt Pluto, Haumea, Makemake
Scattered Disc Eris, Sedna, Planet X
Oort Cloud Etc. Scholz’s Star
Small Body Comet, Centaur, Asteroid

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.