Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life / Animal / Vertebrate / Penguin


The Zoological World (YouTube Channel)
The Zoological World (Official Website)


penguin : any of various erect short-legged flightless aquatic birds (family Spheniscidae) of the southern hemisphere — Webster   See also   OneLook


Penguins are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, with only one species, the Galapagos penguin, found north of the equator. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sea life which they catch while swimming underwater. They spend roughly half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea.

Although almost all penguin species are native to the Southern Hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos penguin, lives near the equator. — Wikipedia

Penguin (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Penguins (Ocean: Find Your Blue, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)
Penguins (SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment)

Penguins (One Zoom)
Sphenisciformes (Catalogue of Life)
Penguins (WolframAlpha)




Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them. A wide range of tools and techniques are used in ornithology, both inside the laboratory and out in the field. Most biologists who consider themselves to be “Ornithologists” study specific categories, such as Anatomy, Taxonomy, or Ecology lifestyles and behaviors. — Wikipedia

Ornithology (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Introduction to Ornithology (Environmental Science)




DDC: 598.47 Penguins (Library Thing)
Subject: Penguins (Library Thing)

Subject: Penguins (Open Library)

LCC: QL 696.S473 Penguins (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Penguins (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 696.S473 Penguins (Library of Congress)
Subject: Penguins (Library of Congress)

Subject: Penguins (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



What is an Ornithologist? (Environmental Science)

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


Ornithological Council
American Ornithological Society
National Audubon Society


Ornithology (American Ornithological Society)
Audubon Magazine (National Audubon Society)

Penguins (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Penguins (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Penguins (Science Daily)
Penguins (Science News)
Penguins (
Penguins (NPR Archives)



Penguin (


More News … - latest science and technology news stories internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Primates colonised the Arctic during a period of...
    on January 30, 2023 at 7:20 pm

    Two new species of prehistoric primate were recently identified by scientists studying fossils from Canada's Ellesmere Island in the high Arctic. The primates are closely related and likely originated from a single colonization event, following which they split into two species: Ignacius dawsonae and Ignacius mckennai.

  • Kill dates for re-exposed black mosses
    on January 26, 2023 at 8:26 am

    In their new paper for the Geological Society of America journal Geology, Dulcinea Groff and colleagues used radiocarbon ages (kill dates) of previously ice-entombed dead black mosses to reveal that glaciers advanced during three distinct phases in the northern Antarctic Peninsula over the past 1,500 years.

  • Study reveals influence of krill availability on...
    on January 23, 2023 at 9:18 pm

    New collaborative research led by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz, shows reduced krill supplies lead to fewer pregnancies in humpback whales—a finding that could have major implications for industrial krill fishing.

  • Satellite mapping finds new colony of Emperor...
    on January 20, 2023 at 12:45 pm

    Satellite mapping technology has discovered another new colony of the highly threatened Emperor penguins in Antarctica, researchers revealed Friday.

  • Chile sinks controversial mining project over...
    on January 19, 2023 at 10:00 am

    Chile's government on Wednesday torpedoed a controversial billion-dollar mining project due to be built near a nature reserve that is home to a rare species of penguin.


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.