Cosma / Communication / Media / Simulation




simulation : the imitative representation of the functioning of one system or process by means of the functioning of another — Webster   See also OneLook

Simulation (FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing)


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time. The act of simulating something first requires that a model be developed; this model represents the key characteristics or behaviors of the selected physical or abstract system or process. The model represents the system itself, whereas the simulation represents the operation of the system over time. Simulation is used in many contexts, such as simulation of technology for performance optimization, safety engineering, testing, training, education, and video games. Training simulators include flight simulators for training aircraft pilots to provide them with a lifelike experience. Simulation is also used with scientific modelling of natural systems or human systems to gain insight into their functioning. Simulation can be used to show the eventual real effects of alternative conditions and courses of action. Simulation is also used when the real system cannot be engaged, because it may not be accessible, or it may be dangerous or unacceptable to engage, or it is being designed but not yet built, or it may simply not exist. Key issues in simulation include acquisition of valid source information about the relevant selection of key characteristics and behaviours, the use of simplifying approximations and assumptions within the simulation, and fidelity and validity of the simulation outcomes. — Wikipedia

Simulation (Encyclopædia Britannica)


Modeling & Simulation Resources (University of Baltimore)



Tom Hanks digital puppet can act almost as well as Tom Hanks (Lance Ulanoff, Mashable)
What Makes Tom Hanks Look Like Tom Hanks (Research Report, University of Washington)




Library of Congress # QA76.9.C65 Computer simulation (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
The Society for Modeling and Simulation International
ACM Special Interest Group on Simulation (ACM SIGSIM)


Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation)
Simulation: Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International








Song Lyrics




SAGE Publications Ltd STM: SIMULATION: Table of Contents Table of Contents for SIMULATION. List of articles from both the latest and ahead of print issues.

  • Eulogy
    by José Granda on August 8, 2022 at 11:44 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>

  • The application of applied category theory to...
    by Robert K Garrett on August 5, 2022 at 11:47 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>Mission engineering is the quantification of the effects applied by a system of systems to achieve measurable desired results. The execution of the mission is defined by a mission thread; that is the sequence of actions/processes executed by elemental systems. The domain of complex missions has been described as “wicked” because traditional military and space program-based systems engineering practices fail due to a lack of discrete phases, a […]

  • Numerical exploration of freeway tunnel effects...
    by Zhengming Li on August 5, 2022 at 11:44 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>To explore freeway tunnel effects on ring road traffic flow, a two-lane traffic model is put forward. The model adopts lane-changing time to describe the net lane-changing rate, assuming that the time is approximately equal to the relaxation time of traffic flow, but infinite when the absolute value of difference of traffic density between the two lanes is lower than 1 veh/km, as it is hard for car drivers to perceive such a small difference. Based on […]

  • Bus bunching simulation based on the lattice...
    by Xiaoshi Wang on August 3, 2022 at 12:14 pm

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>Bus bunching is a typical phenomenon observed in daily public transit operations and that significantly reduces the reliability and attractiveness of transit service. Although various control strategies, such as vehicle holding, speed guidance, and signal priority, have been proposed to eliminate or alleviate bus bunching, the impact of road traffic flow on bus bunching has not been well studied. To bridge this gap, this work proposes a new mesoscopic […]

  • DTUAV: a novel cloud–based digital twin system...
    by Wei Meng on August 1, 2022 at 11:02 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>This paper is concerned with the first work on the integration of digital twin (DT), 5G, cloud platform, and virtual reality (VR) technologies for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) autonomy development. DT focuses on connecting the virtual and physical world as an emerging strategic technology. Initially, it was implemented through mirror models of physical objects to realize the monitoring of their whole life cycle in the manufacturing area. In recent […]




Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.


Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.