Solar System

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Cosma’s Solar System Gallery

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Physical Realm
Universe Astronomical Instrument
Galaxy Milky Way, Andromeda
Planetary System Star, Brown Dwarf, Planet, Moon

Solar System Sun
Terrestrial Planet Mercury, Venus, Earth (Moon), Mars
Asteroid Belt Ceres, Vesta
Jovian Planet Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Trans-Neptunian Object
Kuiper Belt Pluto, Haumea, Makemake
Scattered Disc Eris, Sedna, Planet X
Oort Cloud Etc. Scholz’s Star
Small Body Comet, Centaur, Asteroid

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

Solar System and Beyond (NASA)
Solar System Exploration (NASA)
Solar System Simulator : View Anyplace from Anyplace (NASA, JPL)
Astrogeology Science Center (USGS)

Our Sun & Solar System Internet Resources (Library of Congress)
Solar System Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

Solar System : the sun together with the group of celestial bodies that are held by its attraction and revolve around it; also : a similar system centered on another star — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Solar System is the gravitationally bound system comprising the Sun and the objects that orbit it, either directly or indirectly. Of those objects that orbit the Sun directly, the largest eight are the planets, with the remainder being significantly smaller objects, such as dwarf planets and small Solar System bodies. Of the objects that orbit the Sun indirectly, the moons, two are larger than the smallest planet, Mercury.

The Solar System formed 4.6 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of a giant interstellar molecular cloud. The vast majority of the system’s mass is in the Sun, with most of the remaining mass contained in Jupiter. The four smaller inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars, are terrestrial planets, being primarily composed of rock and metal. The four outer planets are giant planets, being substantially more massive than the terrestrials. The two largest, Jupiter and Saturn, are gas giants, being composed mainly of hydrogen and helium; the two outermost planets, Uranus and Neptune, are ice giants, being composed mostly of substances with relatively high melting points compared with hydrogen and helium, called volatiles, such as water, ammonia and methane. All planets have almost circular orbits that lie within a nearly flat disc called the ecliptic. — Wikipedia

Solar System (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
Planets (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Introduction



A Traveler’s Guide to the Planets (National Geographic Channel)

Note: These are 360° Videos — press and hold to explore!

Search

Solar System (Wolfram Alpha)
Planets (Wolfram Alpha)

Science



Weight on Other Planets (Online Conversion.com)





The Planets We Don’t Have (Adam Frank, NPR)

Note: This is a 360° Video — press and hold to explore it!

Preservation

History



Almagest (Wikipedia)
Ptolemy (Wikipedia)



Orrery (Wikipedia)


Solar System Exploration at 50 (NASA)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education


Solar System (Space Place, NASA)
Solar System Explorer (Space Place, NASA)
NASA Virtual Field Trip: Solar System Math
Our Solar System (Ask an Astronomer, Cornell University)
The Nine Planets Solar System Tour
Solar System (Cosmos4Kids)
Solar System, More than Planets (Cosmos4Kids)
Solar System II| Exploration (Cosmos4Kids)

Course



Crash Course Astronomy (YouTube)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Organization

The Planetary Society

News

Science Daily, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Solar System Exploration, planets (NASA)
Eyes on the Solar System (JPL/NASA)

Document

USA.gov

Expression


Fun




Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

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    Solar System News -- ScienceDaily Solar System Planets. Astronomy articles on the eight planets, plus the two dwarf planets, Pluto and Eris. Great pictures of everything in the solar system. Updated daily.

    • Water-bearing minerals on asteroid Bennu
      on March 19, 2019 at 5:51 pm

      Astronomers have discovered evidence of abundant water-bearing minerals on the surface of the near-Earth asteroid (101955) Bennu. Using early spectral data from NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft orbiting the asteroid, the team identified infrared properties similar to those in a type of meteorite called carbonaceous chondrites. […]

    • Hayabusa2 probes asteroid Ryugu for secrets
      on March 19, 2019 at 4:59 pm

      The first data received from the Hayabusa2 spacecraft in orbit of asteroid Ryugu helps space scientists explore conditions in the early solar system. The space probe gathered vast amounts of images and other data which gives researchers clues about Ryugu's history, such as how it may have formed from a larger parent body. These details in turn allow researchers to better estimate quantities and types of materials essential for life that were present as Earth formed. […]

    • Superbugs have colonized the International Space...
      on March 19, 2019 at 12:39 pm

      Researchers have taken another small step towards deep space exploration, by testing a new silver- and ruthenium-based antimicrobial coating aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Their study shows that the AGXX® dramatically reduced the number of bacteria on contamination-prone surfaces -- and could help protect future astronauts beyond the moon and Mars. […]

    • Dormant viruses activate during spaceflight
      on March 16, 2019 at 8:22 pm

      Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions. While only a small proportion develop symptoms, virus reactivation rates increase with spaceflight duration and could present a significant health risk on missions to Mars and beyond. […]

    • ALMA observes the formation sites of...
      on March 13, 2019 at 3:47 pm

      Researchers have spotted the formation sites of planets around a young star resembling our sun. Two rings of dust around the star, at distances comparable to the asteroid belt and the orbit of Neptune in our solar system, suggest that we are witnessing the formation of a planetary system similar to our own. […]

    • What scientists found after sifting through dust...
      on March 12, 2019 at 4:36 pm

      Two recent studies report discoveries of dust rings in the inner solar system: a dust ring at Mercury's orbit, and a group of never-before-detected asteroids co-orbiting with Venus, supplying the dust in Venus' orbit. […]

    • Researchers uncover additional evidence for...
      on March 11, 2019 at 7:27 pm

      Solar storms can be far more powerful than previously thought. A new study has found evidence for the third known case of a massive solar storm in historical times. The researchers believe that society might not be sufficiently prepared if a similar event were to happen now. […]

    • Massive twin star discovered snuggling close to...
      on March 11, 2019 at 2:11 pm

      Astronomers have discovered a binary star system with the closest high-mass young stellar objects ever measured, providing a valuable 'laboratory' to test theories on high mass binary star formation. […]

    • LAMP instrument sheds light on lunar water...
      on March 8, 2019 at 6:33 pm

      Using the Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), scientists have observed water molecules moving around the dayside of the Moon. A paper describes how LAMP measurements of the atom-thick layer of sparse molecules helped characterize lunar hydration changes over the course of a day. […]

    • New surprises from Jupiter and Saturn
      on March 6, 2019 at 8:24 pm

      The latest data from the giant planets has sent researchers back to the drawing board. Cassini orbited Saturn for 13 years before its dramatic final dive into the planet's interior, while Juno has been orbiting Jupiter for two and a half years; the data collected has been 'invaluable but also confounding,' said one of the researchers. […]