Brain

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brain : the portion of the vertebrate central nervous system enclosed in the skull and continuous with the spinal cord through the foramen magnum that is composed of neurons and supporting and nutritive structures (as glia) and that integrates sensory information from inside and outside the body in controlling autonomic function (as heartbeat and respiration), in coordinating and directing correlated motor responses, and in the process of learning — Webster

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Brain The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. The brain is located in the head, usually close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision. The brain is the most complex organ in a vertebrate’s body. In a human, the cerebral cortex contains approximately 15–33 billion neurons, each connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body targeting specific recipient cells. — Wikipedia

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Scientific American: Mind & Brain Science news and technology updates from Scientific American


  • When remembering is rewarding
    by Natasha Bray on December 6, 2018 at 12:00 am

    When remembering is rewardingWhen remembering is rewarding, Published online: 06 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0110-4In mice, long-term potentiation of hippocampal–nucleus accumbens synapses is required for the formation of reward-related memories. […]

  • Patchwork subiculum
    by Sian Lewis on December 5, 2018 at 12:00 am

    Patchwork subiculumPatchwork subiculum, Published online: 05 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0106-0Patchwork subiculum […]

  • To sleep, to remember
    by Sian Lewis on December 5, 2018 at 12:00 am

    To sleep, to rememberTo sleep, to remember, Published online: 05 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0108-yTo sleep, to remember […]

  • Non-nociceptive roles of opioids in the CNS:...
    by Cherkaouia Kibaly on December 5, 2018 at 12:00 am

    Non-nociceptive roles of opioids in the CNS: opioids’ effects on neurogenesis, learning, memory and affectNon-nociceptive roles of opioids in the CNS: opioids’ effects on neurogenesis, learning, memory and affect, Published online: 05 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0092-2Maladaptive modulation of learning, memory and affect by opioids is linked to dysfunctional neurogenesis. In this Review, Kibaly and colleagues discuss this link and how strategies that target neurogenesis to […]

  • Gone FISHing
    by Sian Lewis on December 5, 2018 at 12:00 am

    Gone FISHingGone FISHing, Published online: 05 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0105-1Gone FISHing […]