Brain

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brain : the portion of the vertebrate central nervous system enclosed in the skull and continuous with the spinal cord through the foramen magnum that is composed of neurons and supporting and nutritive structures (as glia) and that integrates sensory information from inside and outside the body in controlling autonomic function (as heartbeat and respiration), in coordinating and directing correlated motor responses, and in the process of learning — Webster

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Brain The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. The brain is located in the head, usually close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision. The brain is the most complex organ in a vertebrate’s body. In a human, the cerebral cortex contains approximately 15–33 billion neurons, each connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body targeting specific recipient cells. — Wikipedia

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Scientific American: Mind & Brain Science news and technology updates from Scientific American


  • Reward schemas for macaques
    by Natasha Bray on February 22, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Reward schemas for macaquesReward schemas for macaques, Published online: 22 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41583-019-0145-1Reward schemas for macaques […]

  • Overpruning in schizophrenia
    by Natasha Bray on February 22, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Overpruning in schizophreniaOverpruning in schizophrenia, Published online: 22 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41583-019-0144-2Overpruning in schizophrenia […]

  • REM sleep makes slow waves
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    REM sleep makes slow wavesREM sleep makes slow waves, Published online: 22 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41583-019-0146-0REM sleep makes slow waves […]

  • A scary switch for serotonin
    by Natasha Bray on February 22, 2019 at 12:00 am

    A scary switch for serotoninA scary switch for serotonin, Published online: 22 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41583-019-0143-3A scary switch for serotonin […]

  • Neuron–glia interactions in the pathophysiology...
    by Dipan C. Patel on February 21, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Neuron–glia interactions in the pathophysiology of epilepsyNeuron–glia interactions in the pathophysiology of epilepsy, Published online: 21 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41583-019-0126-4The role of glia in supporting and modulating neuronal activity has been an active area of research. In this Review, Patel et al. discuss the evidence and mechanisms whereby reactivated glia contribute to the development and progression of epilepsy. […]