Cosma Home > Communication > Knowledge > Form > Criticism & Critical Thinking


Critical Thinking (FacultyTeaching and Learning Portal, Texas A&M University)


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Critical Thinking on the Web (Reasoning Lab)


criticism : (1) the art of evaluating or analyzing works of art or literature (2) writings expressing such evaluation or analysis (3) the scientific investigation of literary documents in regard to such matters as origin, text, composition, or history — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Criticism is the practice of judging the merits and faults of something. It is an evaluative or corrective exercise that can occur in any area of human life. Criticism can therefore take many different forms. How exactly people go about criticizing, can vary a great deal. In specific areas of human endeavour, the form of criticism can be highly specialized and technical; it often requires professional knowledge to understand the criticism. This article provides only general information about criticism.

To criticize does not necessarily imply “to find fault”, but the word is often taken to mean the simple expression of an object against prejudice, no matter positive or negative. Often criticism involves active disagreement, but it may only mean “taking sides”. It could just be an exploration of the different sides of an issue. Fighting is not necessarily involved.Criticism is often presented as something unpleasant, but sometimes, that may not be the case. There are also friendly criticisms, amicably discussed, and some people find great pleasure in criticism (“keeping people sharp”, “providing the critical edge”). The Pulitzer Prize for Criticism has been presented since 1970 to a newspaper writer who has demonstrated ‘distinguished criticism’.

Normally criticism involves a dialogue of some kind, direct or indirect, and in that sense criticism is an intrinsically social activity. Even if one is only criticizing a book or an idea in private, it is usually assumed there is someone who will be made aware of the criticism being expressed at some point, although who exactly will hear it, may also remain unknown. One is still engaging with the ideas of others, even if only indirectly. One can of course also keep a criticism to oneself, rather than express or communicate it, but in general the intention is, that someone else ought to be aware of it, however that may occur. Self-criticism, even if wholly private, still mentally takes the concerns of others into account.

Another meaning of criticism is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature, artwork, film, and social trends. The goal of this type of criticism is to understand the possible meanings of cultural phenomena, and the context in which they take shape. In so doing, the attempt is often made to evaluate how cultural productions relate to other cultural productions, and what their place is within a particular genre, or a particular cultural tradition. — Wikipedia

Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment.[1] The subject is complex, and there are several different definitions which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis or evaluation of factual evidence. — Wikipedia


How to Criticize Constructively (WikiHow)
Constructive criticism, how to… (Walker)
Five steps to providing good constructive criticism (Yoskovitz)


6 Steps for Effective Critical Thinking (Designorate)
Varieties of Criticism (Wikipedia)



Quotations Page


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Universal Intellectual Standards (The Critical Thinking Community)


OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


The Critical Thinking Community


Foundation for Critical Thinking


The Critical Thinking
NPR Archives






More TED Criticism…



OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



The Critical Thinker(tm) Encouraging critical thought on relevant and controversial issues.

  • “Your God is Stupid” President Duterte
    by Ricky Maramba on August 4, 2018 at 6:35 pm

    Introduction to Duterte President Duterte has done it again. Our very colorful president here in the Philippines has ruffled the feathers (to say the very least) of Christians in the country when he said “your god is stupid”. Purpose of the Article This article is in no way siding or going against him. The president

  • Understanding the “Spiritual but not...
    by Ricky Maramba on August 15, 2015 at 1:30 pm

    The following article is no way made to convince you to be “spiritual but not religious. It was made to allow you to understand them and the way they “think”. A lot of atheists and theists as well consider spirituality and religiosity the same thing. A growing number of people however have considered the two

  • Victor Hugo – Critical Romantic
    by MM on December 13, 2011 at 2:34 pm

    French poet, touted as the most influential romantic writer of the 19th Century, Victor Marie Hugo, and his thoughts on: Religion These two haves of God, the Pope and the emperor. God became a man, granted. The devil became a woman. Obstacles to Fame You have enemies? Why, it is the story of every man

  • Marcos Jr: What Then?
    by MM on December 2, 2011 at 9:57 am

      The following post is an email from Domingo T. Ligot: Not too long ago Jessica Soho had Bongbong Marcos on a one-on-one interview on live television and, as may be expected, Jessica asked Bongbong what his take was about the past regime of his father qualifying it as one of the blackest (pardon the

  • Campaign Sloganeering
    by MM on November 24, 2011 at 4:42 am

      This post is an email from Domingo T. Ligot: In his book entitled “The Tipping Point” Malcolm Gladwell wrote about a campaign slogan a long time ago about cigarettes which read “Winstons taste good like a cigarette should”. Slogans like these are coined by highly paid experts employed by advertising agencies who sell their services