Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Anthropological / Human / Society / Culture


PHILO-notes (YouTube Channel)
PHILO-notes (Official Website)


culture : (a) the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations (b) the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group; also : the characteristic features of everyday existence (such as diversions or a way of life) shared by people in a place or time popular culture Southern culture (c) the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization a corporate culture focused on the bottom lined : the set of values, conventions, or social practices associated with a particular field, activity, or societal characteristic studying the effect of computers on print culture — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Culture is a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. The word is used in a general sense as the evolved ability to categorize and represent experiences with symbols and to act imaginatively and creatively. This ability arose with the evolution of behavioral modernity in humans around 50,000 years ago, and is often thought to be unique to humans, although some other species have demonstrated similar, though much less complex, abilities for social learning. It is also used to denote the complex networks of practices and accumulated knowledge and ideas that is transmitted through social interaction and exist in specific human groups, or cultures, using the plural form. Some aspects of human behavior, such as language, social practices such as kinship and marriage, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies. The concept of material culture covers the physical expressions of culture, such as technology, architecture and art, whereas the immaterial aspects of culture such as principles of social organization (including practices of political organization and social institutions), mythology, philosophy, literature (both written and oral), and science make up the intangible cultural heritage. — Wikipedia

Culture (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Society and Culture (Wolfram Alpha)



Talks about Culture (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)




Cultural anthropology focuses on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology, which treats cultural variation as a subset of a posited anthropological constant. Anthropologists have pointed out that through culture people can adapt to their environment in non-genetic ways, so people living in different environments will often have different cultures. Much of anthropological theory has originated in an appreciation of and interest in the tension between the local (particular cultures) and the global (a universal human nature, or the web of connections between people in distinct places/circumstances). Cultural anthropology uses a variety of methodologies, including participant observation (often called fieldwork because it requires the anthropologist spending an extended period of time at the research location), interviews, and surveys. — Wikipedia

Cultural Anthropology (Encyclopædia Britannica)

What Is Cultural Anthropology? (U.S. National Park Service)




Cultural Development in Antiquity (Dictionary of the History of Ideas)
Culture and Civilizations in Modern Times (Dictionary of the History of Ideas)

Culture (World History Encyclopedia)


Explore History & Culture (Smithsonian)
Cultures & Communities Collection (Smithsonian National Museum of American History)


DDC: 301.24 Cultural Anthropology (Library Thing)
DDC: 306 Culture & Institutions (Library Thing)
Subject: Culture (Library Thing)

Subject: Culture (Open Library)

LCC: HM 621 Culture (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Culture (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: HM 621 Culture (Library of Congress)
Subject: Culture (Library of Congress)

Subject: Culture (WorldCat)




Cultural Anthropology Tutorials (Dennis O’Neil, Palomar College)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Culture Related Courses (edX)



Sociology of Culture Section (American Sociological Association)


News (Sociology of Culture Section, American Sociological Association)
Cultural Studies Journal
Culture (JSTOR)
Culture (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Cultures (Science Daily)
Culture (NPR)


Social and Cultural Anthropology (Oxford Bibliographies)


Culture: Protecting Our Heritage and Fostering Creativity Culture (UNESCO)
Cultural Anthropology Program (U.S. National Park Service)


Culture (



Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm


Self Body, Brain
Society Culture, Family, Dwelling, Fashion, Celebration

Afro-Eurasia Africa, Europe, Asia
America North, Central, South, Caribbean
Oceania Australia, New Zealand


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.