Fossil

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Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

The Paleontology Portal
K-Paleo: Kuban’s Paleo Place (Glen J. Kuban)
Paleontology Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

fossil : preserved from a past geologic age — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Fossil is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age. Examples include bones, shells, exoskeletons, stone imprints of animals or microbes, hair, petrified wood, oil, coal, and DNA remnants. The totality of fossils is known as the fossil record.

Paleontology is the study of fossils: their age, method of formation, and evolutionary significance. Specimens are usually considered to be fossils if they are over 10,000 years old. The oldest fossils are from around 3.48 billion years old to 4.1 billion years old. The observation in the 19th century that certain fossils were associated with certain rock strata led to the recognition of a geological timescale and the relative ages of different fossils. The development of radiometric dating techniques in the early 20th century allowed scientists to quantitatively measure the absolute ages of rocks and the fossils they host.

There are many processes that lead to fossilization, including permineralization, casts and molds, authigenic mineralization, replacement and recrystallization, adpression, carbonization, and bioimmuration. — Wikipedia

Britannica

Introduction








Paleontology (American Museum of Natural History)
Dinosaurs Explained, YouTube Channel (American Museum of National History)
Eons, YouTube Channel (PBS)
Dinosaur Nerds, YouTube Channel (Rocky Mountain Dinosaur Resource Center)
Introduction to Palaeontology (wikiversity)
Introduction to Paleontology (Wikipedia)

Preservation


Mary Anning, An Amazing Fossil Hunter (Smithsonian Magazine)

History


PBS Eons (YouTube Channel)

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Dinosaurs Explained (American Museum of National History
Strange Science: The Rocky Road to Modern Paleontology and Biology (Michon Scott)


Sciencespeak: Lazarus taxon (National Geographic)

Quotation

Quotations Page Bartlett’s

Museum

Kuban’s Guide to Natural History Museums on the Web (Glen J. Kuban)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education

K-12 Educational Materials (University of California Museum of Paleontology)

Course

Introduction to Paleontolgy (Professor Stuart Sutherland, The Great Courses)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources
Open Education Consortium

Community

Occupation

How to become a paleontologist (Environmental Science)

Organization

Paleontological Societies and Clubs (Glen J. Kuban)

News

Science News, Science Daily, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression


Humor

Paleo Humor: Laughs, Gaffes, and Funny Bones (Glen J. Kuban)

Toy


Amazon Toys

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Music

Song Lyrics

Future


The increasingly realistic prospect of extinct animal zoos (Christine Ro, BBC)

Fiction


Fictional Dinosaurs (List, Wikipedia)
Novels about dinosaurs (Category, Wikipedia)
Dinosaurs in fiction (Category, Wikipedia)

Rumor

Snopes.com

returntotop

More…

Note: This is a 360° Video — press and hold to explore it!



Fossils & Ruins News -- ScienceDaily Archaeology news. Articles on ancient Egypt, ancient Rome, ancient Greece and other civilizations.

  • New ancestor of modern sea turtles found in...
    on April 18, 2018 at 6:47 pm

    A sea turtle discovered in Alabama is a new species from the Late Cretaceous epoch, according to a new study. […]

  • New new genus and species of extinct baleen whale...
    on April 18, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    Paleontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand's ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of baleen whale, alive more than 27.5 million years ago and found in the Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury. […]

  • Marine fish won an evolutionary lottery 66...
    on April 17, 2018 at 7:56 pm

    Why do the Earth's oceans contain such a staggering diversity of fish of so many different sizes, shapes, colors and ecologies? The answer, biologists report, dates back 66 million years ago, when a six-mile-wide asteroid crashed to Earth, wiping out the dinosaurs and approximately 75 percent of animal and plant species worldwide. […]

  • Studying oxygen, scientists discover clues to...
    on April 17, 2018 at 5:28 pm

    A research team is helping to understand why the Permian-Triassic mass extinction event happened and why it took life so long to recover. […]

  • Multidisciplinary study provides new insights...
    on April 17, 2018 at 5:00 pm

    New research from experts in history, computer science and cognitive science shines fresh light on the French Revolution, showing how rhetorical and institutional innovations won acceptance for the ideas that built the French republic's foundation and inspired future democracies. […]