Gaia

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Lynn Margulis 1938-2011: Gaia Is A Tough Bitch (John Brockman, The Edge)

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Gaia’s Realm

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene, Microscope)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism
Plant Flower, Tree
Animal
Invertebrate Octopus, Ant, Bee, Butterfly, Spider, Lobster
Vertebrate Fish, Seahorse, Ray, Shark, Frog, Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Bat, Rabbit, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Whale, Dolphin, Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

Overview of Gaia Theory (Gaia Theory.org)

Dictionary

Gaia : the hypothesis that the living and nonliving components of earth function as a single system in such a way that the living component regulates and maintains conditions (such as the temperature of the ocean or composition of the atmosphere) so as to be suitable for life : after Greek GaĂ®a, a primordial earth goddess in Greek myth, literally, “earth” — Webster

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Encyclopedia

Gaia also spelled Gaea, is the personification of the Earth and one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia is the ancestral mother of all life: the primal Mother Earth goddess. She is the immediate parent of Uranus (the sky), from whose sexual union she bore the Titans (themselves parents of many of the Olympian gods) and the Giants, and of Pontus (the sea), from whose union she bore the primordial sea gods. Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra. — Wikipedia

Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

The hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the 1970s. Lovelock named the idea after Gaia, the primordial goddess who personified the Earth in Greek mythology. In 2006, the Geological Society of London awarded Lovelock the Wollaston Medal in part for his work on the Gaia hypothesis.

Topics related to the hypothesis include how the biosphere and the evolution of organisms affect the stability of global temperature, salinity of seawater, atmospheric oxygen levels, the maintenance of a hydrosphere of liquid water and other environmental variables that affect the habitability of Earth.

The Gaia hypothesis was initially criticized for being teleological and against the principles of natural selection, but later refinements aligned the Gaia hypothesis with ideas from fields such as Earth system science, biogeochemistry and systems ecology.

The fourth international conference on the Gaia hypothesis, sponsored by the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority and others, was held in October 2006 at the Arlington, VA campus of George Mason University. This conference approached the Gaia hypothesis as both science and metaphor as a means of understanding how we might begin addressing 21st century issues such as climate change and ongoing environmental destruction. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica

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Foundations



Gaia Theory: Model and Metaphor for the 21st Century

Hypothesis





James Lovelock: we should give up on saving the planet (The Guardian)
Gaia Hypothesis (Wikipedia)
James Lovelock (Official Site)
James Lovelock (Wikipedia)

Theory

Overview of Gaia Theory (Gaia Theory.org)

Philosophy

Gaia Philosophy (Wikipedia)

System

Gaia Hypothesis and Earth System Science (Wikipedia)

Science

Scientists finally have an explanation for the Gaia puzzle (James Dyke and Tim Lenton, The Conversation)
Gaia 2.0 (Timothy M. Lenton & Bruno Latour, AAAS Science Magazine)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Education


Course

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

News

Phys.org, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression


Arts

Visual Arts

Art, Myth and the Environment in Focus in Gaia in the Anthropocene (PIPA Institute)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Music

Song Lyrics

Belief

Gaianism (Wikipedia)

Fiction

Gaia (The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction)

Folklore

Gaia (Greek Mythology, Theoi)

Faith

A Religion of Nature, Earth, Gaia (World Pantheism)

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Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Astrophysicists observe long-theorized quantum...
    on July 30, 2020 at 7:28 pm

    At the heart of every white dwarf star—the dense stellar object that remains after a star has burned away its fuel reserve of gases as it nears the end of its life cycle—lies a quantum conundrum: as white dwarfs add mass, they shrink in size, until they become so small and tightly compacted that they cannot sustain themselves, collapsing into a neutron star.

  • Astronomers make composition drawing of elusive...
    on June 18, 2020 at 1:33 pm

    When two galaxies collide, their central black holes merge, emitting gravitational waves. Astronomers theorize that a recoil effect sometimes kicks the merged black hole out of the galaxy while dragging nearby stars along for the ride. Researchers from SRON and Radboud University have now made a prediction of what these clusters will look like to identify them and prove their existence. Their findings are published in MNRAS.

  • A world redrawn: Worry about climate not COVID,...
    on June 16, 2020 at 7:18 am

    James Lovelock—founder of the Gaia theory and, arguably, the field of Earth system science—thinks the world has lost perspective in responding to the new coronavirus, and should focus on a far more formidable foe: global warming.

  • Chance of finding young Earth-like planets higher...
    on June 5, 2020 at 1:00 pm

    Research from the University of Sheffield has found that the chance of finding Earth-like planets in their early stages of formation is much higher than previously thought.

  • Stellar 'snake' found in the cosmic neighborhood
    on June 3, 2020 at 1:00 pm

    Using data from various astronomical surveys, Chinese researchers have unveiled the presence of a quasi-tidal tail, dubbed stellar "snake" due to its morphology, in our cosmic neighborhood. The newly found structure could have implications for our understanding of formation and evolution of tidal tails. The finding is detailed in a paper published May 23 on arXiv.org.