Gaia

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Lynn Margulis 1938-2011: Gaia Is A Tough Bitch (John Brockman, The Edge)

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Gaia’s Realm

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene, Microscope)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism
Plant Flower, Tree
Animal
Invertebrate Octopus, Ant, Bee, Butterfly, Spider, Lobster
Vertebrate Fish, Seahorse, Ray, Shark, Frog, Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Bat, Rabbit, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Whale, Dolphin, Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

Overview of Gaia Theory (Gaia Theory.org)

Dictionary

Gaia : the hypothesis that the living and nonliving components of earth function as a single system in such a way that the living component regulates and maintains conditions (such as the temperature of the ocean or composition of the atmosphere) so as to be suitable for life : after Greek GaĂ®a, a primordial earth goddess in Greek myth, literally, “earth” — Webster

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Encyclopedia

Gaia also spelled Gaea, is the personification of the Earth and one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia is the ancestral mother of all life: the primal Mother Earth goddess. She is the immediate parent of Uranus (the sky), from whose sexual union she bore the Titans (themselves parents of many of the Olympian gods) and the Giants, and of Pontus (the sea), from whose union she bore the primordial sea gods. Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra. — Wikipedia

Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

The hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the 1970s. Lovelock named the idea after Gaia, the primordial goddess who personified the Earth in Greek mythology. In 2006, the Geological Society of London awarded Lovelock the Wollaston Medal in part for his work on the Gaia hypothesis.

Topics related to the hypothesis include how the biosphere and the evolution of organisms affect the stability of global temperature, salinity of seawater, atmospheric oxygen levels, the maintenance of a hydrosphere of liquid water and other environmental variables that affect the habitability of Earth.

The Gaia hypothesis was initially criticized for being teleological and against the principles of natural selection, but later refinements aligned the Gaia hypothesis with ideas from fields such as Earth system science, biogeochemistry and systems ecology.

The fourth international conference on the Gaia hypothesis, sponsored by the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority and others, was held in October 2006 at the Arlington, VA campus of George Mason University. This conference approached the Gaia hypothesis as both science and metaphor as a means of understanding how we might begin addressing 21st century issues such as climate change and ongoing environmental destruction. — Wikipedia

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Foundations



Gaia Theory: Model and Metaphor for the 21st Century

Hypothesis





James Lovelock: we should give up on saving the planet (The Guardian)
Gaia Hypothesis (Wikipedia)
James Lovelock (Official Site)
James Lovelock (Wikipedia)

Theory

Overview of Gaia Theory (Gaia Theory.org)

Philosophy

Gaia Philosophy (Wikipedia)

System

Gaia Hypothesis and Earth System Science (Wikipedia)

Science

Scientists finally have an explanation for the Gaia puzzle (James Dyke and Tim Lenton, The Conversation)
Gaia 2.0 (Timothy M. Lenton & Bruno Latour, AAAS Science Magazine)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Education


Course

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

News

Phys.org, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression


Arts

Visual Arts

Art, Myth and the Environment in Focus in Gaia in the Anthropocene (PIPA Institute)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Music

Song Lyrics

Belief

Gaianism (Wikipedia)

Fiction

Gaia (The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction)

Folklore

Gaia (Greek Mythology, Theoi)

Faith

A Religion of Nature, Earth, Gaia (World Pantheism)

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Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Milky Way's warp caused by galactic collision,...
    on March 3, 2020 at 10:45 am

    Astronomers have pondered for years why our galaxy, the Milky Way, is warped. Data from ESA's star-mapping satellite Gaia suggest the distortion might be caused by an ongoing collision with another, smaller, galaxy, which sends ripples through the galactic disc like a rock thrown into water.

  • Two stars merged to form massive white dwarf
    on March 2, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    A massive white dwarf star with a bizarre carbon-rich atmosphere could be two white dwarfs merged together according to an international team led by University of Warwick astronomers, and only narrowly avoided destruction.

  • Global Gaia campaign reveals secrets of stellar...
    on January 21, 2020 at 12:35 pm

    A 500-day global observation campaign spearheaded more than three years ago by ESA's galaxy-mapping powerhouse Gaia has provided unprecedented insights into the binary system of stars that caused an unusual brightening of an even more distant star.

  • Stellar black holes: When David poses as Goliath
    on January 10, 2020 at 2:24 pm

    Stellar black holes form when massive stars end their life in a dramatic collapse. Observations have shown that stellar black holes typically have masses of about ten times that of the Sun, in accordance with the theory of stellar evolution. Recently, a Chinese team of astronomers claimed to have discovered a black hole as massive as 70 solar masses, which, if confirmed, would severely challenge the current view of stellar evolution. The publication immediately triggered theoretical […]

  • Capturing alien comets: Simulating rogue bodies...
    on December 20, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    There should be interstellar comets hiding in our solar system after making a journey of many light-years. Maybe we have already seen one but believed it was a "normal" comet formed in the solar system, according to Tom Hands, astrophysicist at the University of Zürich and member of the NCCR PlanetS.