Metaphysics

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Metaphysics means nothing but an unusually obstinate effort to think clearly. — William James, The Principles of Psychology

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Introduction1

Metaphysics (Philosophy Tube)

Introduction to Metaphysics (Academy of Ideas)
Metaphysics: What Is There, Really? (Andrea Borghini, About.com)
Metaphysics: Multiple Meanings (Alan Anderson)
Introductions to Metaphysics (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

metaphysics : a division of philosophy that is concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and being — Webster

Dictionary of Philosophical Terms & Names (Philosophy Pages)

Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, OneLook

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it, although the term is not easily defined. Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms:

Ultimately, what is there?
What is it like?

A person who studies metaphysics is called a metaphysician. The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is cosmology, the study of the origin, fundamental structure, nature, and dynamics of the universe. Some include epistemology as another central focus of metaphysics, but others question this.

Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as natural philosophy. Originally, the term “science” (Latin scientia) simply meant “knowledge”. The scientific method, however, transformed natural philosophy into an empirical activity deriving from experiment unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called “science” to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence. Some philosophers of science, such as the neo-positivists, say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree. — Wikipedia

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Encyclopædia Britannica

Outline

Outline of Metaphysics (Wikipedia)

Portal

Metaphysics (Edited by Jonathan Schaffer, PhilPapers)
Metaphysics Portal (Wikipedia)

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Preservation

History

The Origin of Metaphysics (Anton-Hermann Chroust, The Review of Metaphysics)

Quotation

11 Metaphysical Quotes That Can Get You Motivated for Work (John Boitnott, Inc.)

Quotations Page, Wikiquote

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

Education

Analytic Metaphysics Course (Barry Smith, YouTube Channel)

MERLOT

Course

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

News

The Review of Metaphysics: A Philosophical Quarterly (Philosophy Documentation Center)
Metaphysica: A Journal for Ontology and Metaphysics
Philosophical research online: Metaphysics (PhilPapers)

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

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Expression

Humor

Why did the chicken cross the road? (Philosphy eServer)
The Philosophical Lexicon (Daniel Dennett and Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen)
The Causes of death of philosophers

Arts

Art of the metaphysical: from the outside looking in (Rocerick Conway Morris, New York Times)
The Metaphysics of Fine Art (Arthur Schopenhauer, translated by Thomas Bailey Saunders)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Music

Song Lyrics

Fiction

Fiction (Stanford Encyclopedia of Fiction)

returntotop

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Form
Foundation
Theory
Philosophy Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics
System, Cycle, Structure, Growth, Complexity, Control, Disturbance, Entropy, Chaos

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.