Cosma / Communication / Media / Simulation




simulation : the imitative representation of the functioning of one system or process by means of the functioning of another — Webster   See also OneLook

Simulation (FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing)


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time. The act of simulating something first requires that a model be developed; this model represents the key characteristics or behaviors of the selected physical or abstract system or process. The model represents the system itself, whereas the simulation represents the operation of the system over time. Simulation is used in many contexts, such as simulation of technology for performance optimization, safety engineering, testing, training, education, and video games. Training simulators include flight simulators for training aircraft pilots to provide them with a lifelike experience. Simulation is also used with scientific modelling of natural systems or human systems to gain insight into their functioning. Simulation can be used to show the eventual real effects of alternative conditions and courses of action. Simulation is also used when the real system cannot be engaged, because it may not be accessible, or it may be dangerous or unacceptable to engage, or it is being designed but not yet built, or it may simply not exist. Key issues in simulation include acquisition of valid source information about the relevant selection of key characteristics and behaviours, the use of simplifying approximations and assumptions within the simulation, and fidelity and validity of the simulation outcomes. — Wikipedia

Simulation (Encyclopædia Britannica)


Modeling & Simulation Resources (University of Baltimore)



Tom Hanks digital puppet can act almost as well as Tom Hanks (Lance Ulanoff, Mashable)
What Makes Tom Hanks Look Like Tom Hanks (Research Report, University of Washington)




Library of Congress # QA76.9.C65 Computer simulation (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
The Society for Modeling and Simulation International
ACM Special Interest Group on Simulation (ACM SIGSIM)


Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation)
Simulation: Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International








Song Lyrics




SAGE Publications Ltd STM: SIMULATION: Table of Contents Table of Contents for SIMULATION. List of articles from both the latest and ahead of print issues.

  • Integrating I-DEVS and schedulability methods for...
    by Braulio A Mello on May 21, 2022 at 10:07 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>The design of embedded real-time systems (RTS) is challenging due to the criticality of the timing constraints of these systems. Various informal and formal methods for RTS design have been proposed, both in the design space and the real-time execution at the hardware level, but many of these methods are not effective when the complexity of the system scales up. Here, we discuss a new method to integrate a modeling (and simulation) formalism that allows […]

  • Research on early runway incursion warning based...
    by Xinmin Tang on May 19, 2022 at 7:12 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>In this study, an early runway incursion warning method was developed based on a Petri net model in order to achieve zero missing and false runway incursion warnings. The runway incursion warning scenario is analyzed based on the output states of the aircraft/vehicles in the airport surface. The runway operation model based on a Petri net model was established by considering Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport as an example. In addition to the runway […]

  • Metro station evacuation safety assessment...
    by Haiquan Li on May 19, 2022 at 5:43 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>The emergency response process will not start immediately in the initial stage of a subway accident, and information will not fully spread temporarily. Crowds in different regions receive different comprehensiveness of accident information. They will start evacuating at different times and at different desired speed states. Depending on this phenomenon, pedestrians were classified in simulation modeling. In addition, the different states of emergency […]

  • Quantifying means-end reasoning skills in...
    by Audun Stolpe on May 11, 2022 at 10:19 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>We develop a logic-based approach for designing simulation-based training scenarios. Our methodology embodies a concise definition of the scenario concept and integrates the notions of training goals, acceptable versus unacceptable actions and performance scoring. The approach applies classical artificial intelligence (AI) planning to extract coherent plays from a causal description of the training domain. The domain- and task-specific parts are defined in […]

  • Numerically robust co-simulation using...
    by Robert Braun on May 8, 2022 at 2:24 am

    SIMULATION, Ahead of Print. <br/>Modeling and simulation are important tools for efficient product development. There is a growing need for collaboration, interdisciplinary simulation, and re-usability of simulation models. This usually requires simulation tools to be coupled together for co-simulation. However, the usefulness of co-simulation is often limited by poor performance and numerical instability. Achieving stability is especially hard for stiff mechanical couplings. A suitable […]




Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.


Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.