Those that fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it — Winston Churchill
history : 1. a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes 2. a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events — Merriam-Webster See also OneLook
History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It is a field of research which uses a narrative to examine and analyze the sequence of events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine events. Historians debate the nature of history and its usefulness. This includes discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing “perspective” on the problems of the present. — Wikipedia
Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.