Dictionary

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Letter ‘A’ said, “I find it absurd
This illogical insult’s occurred.
I’m more frequently used,
So I’m truly confused:
Why does ‘Z’ always get the last word?” — Jim Pettit

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Introduction1

How to Use a Dictionary (HowCast)
How to Use the Dictionary (Merriam-Webster)

Dictionary

dictionary : a reference source in print or electronic form containing words usually alphabetically arranged along with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactic and idiomatic uses — Webster

Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, OneLook

Especially Useful &/or Unique Dictionaries

Reverse Dictionary.org
Onelook Reverse dictionary
Wordsmyth Reverse Lookup

Abbreviations.com
Acronym Finder

RhymeBrain
RhymeZone

Internet Anagram Server

Visuwords
Merriam-Webster Visual Dictionary

Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (Bibliomania)
Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (Oxford Reference)

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Dictionary is a reference book that lists words in order—usually, for Western languages, alphabetical—and gives their meanings. In addition to its basic function of defining words, a dictionary may provide information about their pronunciation, grammatical forms and functions, etymologies, syntactic peculiarities, variant spellings, and antonyms. A dictionary may also provide quotations illustrating a word’s use, and these may be dated to show the earliest known uses of the word in specified senses. — Encyclopædia Britannica

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linguistics : study of human speech including the units, nature, structure, and modification of language — Webster

lexicology : branch of linguistics concerned with the signification and application of words — Webster

lexicography : (1) the editing or making of a dictionary (2) the principles and practices of dictionary making — Webster

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Inspiration

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Foundation

Theory

A Word on ‘Descriptive’ and ‘Prescriptive’ Defining : When it comes to words, we’re the descriptive sort (Merriam-Webster)

Generative Lexicon Theory & Computational Lexicon (Pustejovsky & Johnston)

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Preservation

History

Dictionary of Old English (University of Toronto)

First English Dictionary: Cawdrey’s ‘Table Alphabeticall’ 1604 (British Library)

The History of English in Ten Minutes (The Open University, YouTube)

Samuel Johnson (Encyclopædia Britannica)
A Dictionary of the English Language (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Absurd Samuel Johnson (YouTube Channel)

History of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED)
Caught in the web of words : James A.H. Murray and the Oxford English dictionary (Katharine Maud Elisabeth Murray)
The Meaning of Everything The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary (Simon Winchester)
Empire of words: The reign of the O.E.D. (John Willinsky)
The professor and the madman : a tale of murder, insanity, and the making of the Oxford English dictionary (Simon Winchester)
The Oxford English Dictionary (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Noah Webster and America’s First Dictionary (Merriam-Webster)
Merriam-Webster FAQ/History (Merriam-Webster)
Merriam-Webster dictionary (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Discover the history and development of dictionaries (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Quotation

Quotations Page

Library

Library of Congress # PE Dictionaries (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

How does a word get into a Merriam-Webster dictionary? (Merriam-Webster)
How do I get a word into the dictionary? (Dictionary.com)
Create Your Own Dictionary (Steve Kaufmann, The Linguist)

Education

Wordsmyth: The Educational Dictionary-Thesaurus
Word Central for Kids (Merriam-Webster)

Where do new words come from? (Marcel Danesi, TED-Ed)
Mysteries of Vernacular: The origins of odd and interesting words (Jessica Oreck and Rachael Teel, TED-Ed)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Occupation

lexicographer : an author or editor of a dictionary — Webster

Word by word : the secret life of dictionaries (Kory Stamper)

Linguistics jobs: Interview with a lexicographer (Jane Solomon, All Things Linguistic)
11 Secrets of Lexicographers (Michele Debczak, Mental Floss)

Organization

International Society for Historical Lexicography and Lexicology (ISHLL)
Dictionary Society of North America

News

International Journal of Lexicography

Blog

Lexicon Valley Podcast (John H. McWhorter, Slate)

Book

ISBNdb

Bibliography

International Bibliography of Lexicography (Euralex)

Government

Document

USA.gov

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Expression

Fun

The Devil’s Dictionary (Ambrose Bierce, Project Gutenberg)
The Devil’s Dictionary, satiric lexicon by Ambrose Bierce (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Game

How to Solve The New York Times Crossword (Deb Amlen, The New York Times)
Crosswords (The New York Times)

Crossword Puzzle (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Crossword Puzzles to Play (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Scrabble (Hasbro)
Scrabble Dictionary (Hasbro)
Scrabble Players Dictionary (Merriam-Webster)
Scrabble (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Competition

Scripps National Spelling Bee

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Form

Introduction Discipline

Reference Dictionary, Thesaurus, Glossary, Encyclopedia, Outline, Guide

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.