Theory

Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Form / Foundation / Theory

A theory is the more impressive the greater the simplicity of its premises is, the more different kinds of things it relates, and the more extended its area of applicability. — Albert Einstein, Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist

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Introduction1

Dr. Kaku’s Must-See Videos (YouTube Playlist)
Michio Kaku (Official Website)

Big Think (YouTube Channel)
Big Think (Official Website)

What is a theory? (Wise Geek)

Dictionary

theory : the general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an art — Webster   See also OneLook

Dictionary of Theories (Jennifer Bothamley)

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Theory is especially often contrasted to “practice” an Aristotelian concept which is used in a broad way to refer to any activity done for the sake of action, in contrast with theory, which does not need an aim which is an action. A classical example of the distinction between theoretical and practical uses the discipline of medicine: Medical theory and theorizing involves trying to understand the causes and nature of health and sickness, while the practical side of medicine is trying to make people healthy. These two things are related but can be independent, because it is possible to research health and sickness without curing specific patients, and it is possible to cure a patient without knowing how the cure worked. In modern contexts, while theories in the arts and philosophy may address ideas and empirical phenomena which are not easily measurable, in modern science the term “theory”, or “scientific theory” is generally understood to refer to a proposed explanation of empirical phenomena, made in a way consistent with scientific method. Such theories are preferably described in such a way that any scientist in the field is in a position to understand and either provide empirical support (“verify”) or empirically contradict (“falsify”) it. In this modern scientific context the distinction between theory and practice corresponds roughly to the distinction between theoretical science and technology or applied science. A common distinction sometimes made in science is between theories and hypotheses, with the former being considered as satisfactorily tested or proven and the latter used to denote conjectures or proposed descriptions or models which have not yet been tested or proven to the same standard. — Wikipedia

Theory (Encyclopædia Britannica)

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Foundation

Theory

Metatheory is a theory whose subject matter is some theory. All fields of research share some meta-theory, regardless whether this is explicit or correct. In a more restricted and specific sense, in mathematics and mathematical logic, metatheory means a mathematical theory about another mathematical theory. — Wikipedia

Meta-Theories in Research: Positivism, Postmodernism, and Critical Realism (Filipe J. Sousa)

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Innovation

Research

Office of Research & Doctoral Services (Walden University, YouTube Channel)
Office of Research & Doctoral Services (Walden University, Official Website)

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Preservation

History

The History of Theory (Ian Hunter, Critical Inquiry)

Library

Library of Congress Subject Heading: Theory (Library Thing)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

Education

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

News

Theory (Phys.org)
Theory (NPR Archives)

Government

Document

Theory (USA.gov)

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Expression

Arts

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Belief

Future

The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete (Chris Anderson, Wired)

Superstition

Superstitions & Their Theories (Triangulations)

returntotop

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Form
Foundation
Theory
Philosophy Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics
System, Cycle, Structure, Growth, Complexity, Control, Disturbance, Entropy, Chaos
Process, Manage, Design, Prototype, Implement, Assess, Revise, Maintain

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.