Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Form

Cosma uses a special scheme for classifying and organizing resources into over a hundred categories. The scheme is a synthesis of a number of other schemes, including Dewey Decimal’s Generalities and the Library of Congress’s Genre/Form Headings among others. It is also structured around the Knowledge Cycle. One of the primary purposes of the scheme is to make hundreds of links per page seem reasonably accessible to typical users.


knowledge : he sum of what is known : the body of truth, information, and principles acquired by humankind — Webster See also Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary

form : some selected elements of the definition of form…
* the shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material
* the component of a thing that determines its kind
* prescribed and set order of words : formula
* a printed or typed document with blank spaces for insertion of required or requested information
* manner or conduct as tested by a prescribed or accepted standard
* manner or style of performing or accomplishing according to recognized standards of technique
* orderly method of arrangement (as in the presentation of ideas)
* manner of coordinating elements (as of an artistic production or course of reasoning)
* a particular kind or instance of such arrangement
* pattern, schema
* the structural element, plan, or design of a work of art — Webster See also Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary

knowledge form : a standard outline of the types of knowledge resources available for every topic, subject or discipline — M. E. Hopper, Cosma


Pages and Subpages

“Poesy therefore is an art of imitation, for so Aristotle termeth it in his word mimesis, that is to say, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth — to speak metaphorically, a speaking picture; with this end, to teach and delight.” — Sir Philip Sidney The Defense of Poesy, English Essays: Sidney to Macaulay, The Harvard Classics (

Teach or delight? Art or science? These are obsolete questions based upon artificial dichotomies. There can be some aspects of each one of these things, along with more than a hundred others, within any subject, discipline or resource (including, reflexively, within each one of these things, so there is a science of teaching, teaching about science, art about science, science about art etc.).

Web Resources Organized by Knowledge Form

The rest of this page shows an illustration of accessing web resources about “knowledge” using a “form” based on an evolving outline of a unique classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. Most of the pages on this site include lists of web resources organized using this classification scheme.

This technique for organizing knowledge resources is designed to promote “knowledge integration,” and it is a unique, core methodology that you will find used throughout Cosma. Click on the label to find out more about the resource type (e.g. encyclopedia) or the link below it to explore web resources about knowledge (e.g. a Wikipedia article about “knowledge”).



Knowledge Resources Page (Cosma, You are here!)


knowledge : the sum of what is known : the body of truth, information, and principles acquired by humankind — Webster See also OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, that can include descriptions, facts, information, and/or skills acquired through experience or education. It can refer to both the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); and it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy, the study of knowledge is called epistemology, and the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as “justified true belief.” There is however no single agreed upon definition of knowledge, and there are numerous theories to explain it. — Wikipedia



Outline of Knowledge (Mary E. Hopper, Cosma)
Outline of Knowledge (Wikipedia)




History of Knowledge (Piero Scaruffi)
The Geography of Knowledge in Assyria and Babylonia: A Diachronic Analysis of Four Scholarly Libraries (University of Cambridge)
A Social History of Knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot (Burke, P., 2000)

Timeline of Knowledge (History World)


Quotations Page


Knowledge and Learning (The British Museum)
Museum of Knowledge, Corbusier’s dream project that failed (The Tribute of India


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library


Knowledge (John Turri, Oxford Bibliographies)



International Baccalaureate (IB)


MIT IAP 2000 Knowledge Systems 101: From Alexandria to Hitchhiker’s Guide (Hopper)
Open Education Consortium


knowledge community (Gartner IT Glossary), Knowledge community (Wikipedia)


NPR Archives







Useless facts and funny unnecessary knowledge (Try this! 🙂


Game of Knowledge (Amazon)


Defining Knowledge Art (Open Compendium)


The Rock (T. S. Eliot), OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form