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General Reference, Foundations


Portal, Dictionary, Thesaurus, Glossary, Encyclopedia, Introduction, Outline, Search


Locating Fair and Balanced Sources (Internet Public Library)

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Library of Congress Research and Reference Services
Library of Congress Reference Shelf
Library of Congress Alcove 9: An Annotated List of Reference Websites

Refdesk Reference Shelves on the Net
Refdesk Essential Reference Tools
Refdesk Quick Reference
Refdesk Indispensable Links

Wolfram Alpha

Project Gutenberg

Wikipedia’s Reference Desk
Wikipedia’s Reference Works Category
Wikipedia’s General Reference Portal


reference : something (as a sign or indication) that refers a reader or consulter to another source of information (as a book or passage) — Webster See also OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Reference work A reference work is a compendium of information, usually of a specific type, compiled in a book for ease of reference.Reference work. — Wikipedia

Ready reference are reference materials used in answering reference questions that can be answered by a reference librarian in one or two minutes by providing a fact or piece of information found in a single source shelved for convenience in a separate location near the reference desk rather than in the reference stacks Reference work. — Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science



WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Great Sites for Kids (ALA)


OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Reference Librarian (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)


General Reference Works (David Nordloh, American Literary Scholarship)
Google Scholar




Library of Congress Research and Reference Services
Library of Congress Reference Shelf
Library of Congress Alcove 9: An Annotated List of Reference Websites




Reference Librarianship in Star Wars
Jedi Master ‘Madame’ Jocasta Nu



Latest News - Recent Updates Latest News - Recent Updates

  • January News from the Library of Congress
    on January 20, 2021 at 12:00 pm

    News from the Library of Congress Inaugurations Past, Presidential Papers and Pandemic Photo Collecting Friends, Happy 2021 to each of you! This year has already proved to be an eventful one. Like many of you, I am disappointed and disturbed by the recent unrest at the Capitol. This was one of the most significant breaches of the Capitol in its history since the War of 1812 when the building was on fire and the Library of Congress was burned as well. Following those events Thomas […]

  • Latest News: Library Opens 2021 Literacy Awards...
    on January 15, 2021 at 3:06 pm

    Applications are being accepted for the 2021 Library of Congress Literacy Awards from Jan. 15 to March 5. The awards are made possible through the generosity of philanthropist David M. Rubenstein. The Literacy Awards — established by the Library and Rubenstein — were first conferred in 2013 to honor and support organizations working to promote literacy both in the United States and abroad.  The application rules and a downloadable application form may be accessed […]

  • Latest News: Library Seeks Nominations for...
    on December 21, 2020 at 4:08 pm

    To honor the innovations and successes of federal libraries, librarians and library technicians in meeting the information demands of government, businesses, scholarly communities and the public, the Federal Library and Information Network (FEDLINK) in the Library of Congress has opened nominations for its national awards for federal librarianship in fiscal year 2020. For nomination materials, visit the awards section of the FEDLINK website or send an email to The nomination […]

  • New: Library Completes Digitization of 23 Early...
    on December 17, 2020 at 6:22 pm

    The Library of Congress has completed a more than two decade-long initiative to digitize the papers of nearly two dozen early presidents. The Library holds the papers of 23 presidents from George Washington to Calvin Coolidge, all of which have been digitized and are now available online. Click here for more information.

  • Latest News: Library Appoints New Chief of...
    on December 16, 2020 at 2:59 pm

    The Library of Congress has appointed Dennis Clark as chief of Research and Reference Services. Clark brings more than 22 years’ experience as an administrator and librarian to the Library, where he will lead public research services, onsite and online user engagement and the development of the majority of the 30 million items in the Library’s General Collections. Click here for more information.