Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Form / Expression / Arts / Music (3D & 360°)


Introduction to Music (Wikiversity)


music : (1) the science or art of ordering tones or sounds in succession, in combination, and in temporal relationships to produce a composition having unity and continuity (2) vocal, instrumental, or mechanical sounds having rhythm, melody, or harmony — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Spindrift Music Thesaurus, Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Essentials of Music Glossary


Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the “color” of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. — Wikipedia

Baker’s Student Encyclopedia of Music
Oxford Music Online, Encyclopedia Britannica




LibrarySpot, InfoPlease, Wikipedia


Wolfram Alpha (Examples)



Note: This is a 360° Video — press and hold to explore it!



Music Heaven

This is the first in a series of Toy Worlds featured on many pages on this site.

Wander through 3D galleries with links to resources on this site and the Web.

Click the 360° image below to explore this Toy World, click the menu in the upper right for controls and click “i” buttons on/off for links to experiences. Use “portals” to visit other Toy Worlds.

You can also explore this on RoundMe.
If you have trouble seeing this on RoundMe, then try using an updated or different browser.




Music Timeline (Infoplease)
Timeline of musical events (Wikipedia)


Quotations Page


Museum of Making Music
National Music Museum (University of South Dakota)
Music Museums (Wikipedia)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library


Oxford Bibliographies




Music Resources (PBS Learning)


MIT Open Courseware, Music & Theater Arts
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



American Musicological Society
Music Organizations on the Internet
Music (Scholarly Societies Project)


Songkick: Be the first to know about concerts, Music (


Music, Reddit


Billboard Magazine
Rolling Stone, NPR (NPR Archives)







Be sure to stick around for the second half of this one!



Music in art : International Journal for Music Iconography


PoemHunter, OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form


Song Lyrics


Music (Snopes)




Explore related posts on Cosma

  • Pi + 2.2 = Spring (3/14/2022) - Did you know that Monday, March 14 is Pi Day? I’m both a geek and a softy for cool numbers, so I’ve known of Pi Day since not long after Larry Shaw made news about it with his escapades at the Exploratorium in the 1980s. Although, I’m more aware of it than “usual” because I’ve … Continue reading Pi + 2.2 = Spring
  • Music works, too … (3/20/2020) - Spring has sprung — the vernal equinox is upon us, and it’s even earlier than it has been in over a hundred years. Here’s a story from CNN about that being the case. This is the earliest arrival of spring equinox in 124 years (Forrest Brown, CNN) This would normally be an occasion for cheering … Continue reading Music works, too …
  • 360+Fun=Philharmonics (10/25/2019) - I came across a fun find on my weekly fishing expedition for 360° videos, and I’m sure you’ll agree that it’s a fairly unusual publicity stunt. Here’s the London Philharmonic Orchestra’s recent performance of Borodin whilst inside a passenger capsule on the London Eye. It was intended to promote their 2019-20 Season. It was an … Continue reading 360+Fun=Philharmonics
  • Talented Greenery (10/18/2019) - Check out this minute long 360° video from Genesis Visual Studios. Peaceful, isn’t it? The bees are busily buzzing about, but the plants aren’t doing much, right? Well, those plants are up to a LOT more than they look like they are in the video. Now, you’re probably thinking, yeah, right. They can move towards … Continue reading Talented Greenery
  • Yellow Submarines (6/21/2019) - My last post was about an adventure with seals doing science in Antarctica. This adventure begins where that one left off, but this is a very different, and fun excursion that happened because Boaty McBoatface surfaced in my news feed. In case you never heard of him, Boaty’s a submarine that got his name via … Continue reading Yellow Submarines
  • Musical Mischief (5/17/2019) - Serendipity plays a hand in these posts — more often than not one post leads to another. This is one of those times. The last post about Furby Hacking left me itching to explore another Road Not Taken. It turned out that Sam Battle’s odd creation, Furby Organ, led YouTube to suggest all sorts of … Continue reading Musical Mischief
  • St. Paddy’s Day Jaunt (3/15/2019) - Yeah, it’s finally time to see some green around here — the official start of Spring is next week, and this Sunday is St. Patrick’s Day! Last year around this time I did a post about the history of St. Patrick’s Day, various related festivities and Jimmy Fallon’s humorous take on it. That post is … Continue reading St. Paddy’s Day Jaunt
  • Super Sexy, Singing Mice (3/7/2019) - It’s not often that mice sneak into the news, but they’ve gotten into it a lot lately. The story that’s gotten the most attention is about how researchers created “super mice” by injecting nanoparticles into their eyes to give them “night vision.” Here’s a video and links to the stories about that research. A shot … Continue reading Super Sexy, Singing Mice
  • Periodic Party (2/17/2019) - Now that Valentine’s Day is over, it’s time to move on to the next celebration on the calendar. That would be the Periodic Table’s Birthday! Yes, Dmitri Mendeleev sketched his first draft of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements on February 17, 1869. Notice that this year’s a “big one” for the Periodic Table — … Continue reading Periodic Party
  • Rock n’ roll, noise pollution? (7/15/2018) - Is rock and roll noise pollution? If you are a rock and roll fan, then you probably know that this is a question that AC/DC famously weighed in on in their song Rock And Roll Ain’t Noise Pollution (YouTube). If you are a language or communication expert, rock and roll fan or not, you probably … Continue reading Rock n’ roll, noise pollution?
  • U2’s Tech Wizardry (5/13/2018) - If you’re fairly familiar with the band U2, then you know that they’re deeply into technology. Every time they release a new album and/or show, they’re bound to introduce some creative new techie experience to go along with it. Their new eXPERIENCE & iNNOCENCE Tour is no exception. Here’s a trailer with a glimpse of … Continue reading U2’s Tech Wizardry
  • Elton’s Busy Week (2/2/2018) - Elton John’s in the news! First, he performed Tiny Dancer with Miley Cyrus at the Grammys. Then he formally announced what he says will be his final world tour entitled Farewell Yellow Brick Road. The three year tour will kick off in September, and it will include more than 300 shows across five continents. In … Continue reading Elton’s Busy Week
  • A Golden Gift (11/28/2017) - If you’re looking for a perfect gift for your favorite geek, look no further. Now you can give them a copy of the Voyager Golden Record. Up until a year ago, you couldn’t buy a copy, but in 2016 Ozma Records ran a brilliant Kickstarter campaign to issue a limited vinyl edition. The campaign was … Continue reading A Golden Gift
  • Beatles Chord Teardown (11/15/2017) - I just tripped over this intriguing story about the opening chord of A Hard Day’s Night. A Hard Day’s Night: Solving a Beatles mystery with mathematics (Joel Werner, ABC News) You can hear the iconic chord at the beginning of this clip from the trailer for the movie. It turns out that there is controversy … Continue reading Beatles Chord Teardown
  • 360° Arts Galore! (10/7/2017) - One of the goals of Cosma is to highlight the greatest immersive and interactive content available on the web, and while there are a number of interesting formats featured on the posts and pages, the majority of examples tend to be YouTube 360° Videos. In fact, there are so many great videos, it would be … Continue reading 360° Arts Galore!
  • Up, Up and Away (8/31/2017) - How about a ten minute break from all of the news about the epic flooding (NPR), massive asteroid (NASA) and scary politics (The Economist)? Here are some nifty 360° Videos that will take you on some fairly realistic virtual rides in hot air balloons! This first clip is from the The Golden Ring of Russia … Continue reading Up, Up and Away
  • Coldplay’s Cool Gadgetry (8/11/2017) - Yesterday
  • Silliness (3/24/2017) - This blog has covered numerous experiments with using 360° video to create new types of immersive narrative. There are many great examples out there now like Google’s HELP and NYT’s L.A. Noir. My favorite so far has been this video by One Republic. However, I’ve just come across a 360° video by the Naive New … Continue reading Silliness
  • 2016 ICYMI (12/30/2016) - Remember how the buzz at the beginning of the year was that 2016 would be “The Year” that immersive 3D, 360° and VR media would go mainstream? Well, did it? Is everyone you know talking about it? Well, err, in all honesty, if you are not an extreme geek and earlier adopter, probably not. If … Continue reading 2016 ICYMI


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Form


Entertainment Humor, Toy, Hobby, Competition (Game, Sport), Spectacle
Arts Performing, Visual (Architecture), Culinary, Language (Poem), Music, Dance
Belief Hypothesis, Forecast, Rumor, Superstition, Folklore, Faith



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.