Philosophy

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Theory Philosophy, System

Subpages

Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

PhilPapers (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors)
Recommended Resources in Philosophy (The American Philosophical Association
Philosophy portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

philosophy : (1) pursuit of wisdom (2) a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means (3) an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental beliefs (4) a system of philosophical concepts (5) a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought (6) the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group — Webster

Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)
Philosophy Dictionaries and Glossaries (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. — Wikipedia

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Encyclopædia Britannica

Introduction


What is Philosophy? (Steve Palmquist, The Tree of Philosophy)

Outline

An Outline Of Philosophy (Bertrand Russell, Internet Archive)
Outline of Philosophy (Wikipedia)

Search

Philosophy (Search Engine Guide), WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo

Foundation

Philosophy


The Philosophy of Philosophy (Timothy Williamson)
Philosophical research online: Metaphilosophy (Jonathan Ichikawa, PhilPapers)
Contemporary Metaphilosophy (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Metaphilosophy (Wikipedia)

System

What Constitutes a Philosophical System? (Tim Lacy, Society for US Intellectual History)

Preservation

History



Crash Course Philosophy (Hank Green)

History of Philosophy without any gaps (Peter Adamson, History of Philosophy)
A History of Philosophy YouTube Channel (Arthur Holmes, Wheaton College)
Ancient, Medieval, Oriental Philosophy arranged according to Dewey Decimal Classification (Bill Lawson)
History of Philosophy (Wikipedia) (Categories)

Quotation

Philosophy Quotations (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Quotations Page

Museum

The Philosophy Chamber: Art and Science in Harvard’s Teaching Cabinet, 1766–1820 (Harvard Art Museums)
What Would Be in a Philosophy Museum? (Justin Weinberg, Daily Nous)
At Philosophy Museum, Please Feed the Mind (The New York Times)

Library

A Guide to Philosophy in the Library of Congress Classification (John R. Shook)
Harvard Robbins Library of Philosophy
WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education


Teaching Children Philosophy
Philosophy for Children
Center for Philosophy for Children (University of Washington)

Teaching Philosophy (PhilPapers)
Philosophy Courses, Syllabi, Teaching & Learning (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Study Guide for Students of Philosophy (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)

Course

The Tree of Philosophy: A Course of Introductory Lectures (Stephen Palmquist)
A History of Ideas: A 60-part radio series (The Open University)
Philosophy Podcasts (LearnOutLoud.com)
Linguistics and Philosophy (MIT Open Courseware)

Community

Occupation

Career Resources (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (PhilJobs)
Jobs (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)

Event

PhilEvents (Conferences, CFPs, and seminars in philosophy)

Organization

Philosophical Associations and Societies (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophy Associations and Societies (American Philosophical Association)
American Philosophical Association
Society for Applied Philosophy
Philosophy Documentation Center

Blog

Blogs and Podcasts (American Philosophical Association)
Philosophical Weblogs Directory (David Chalmers)
Daily Nous (Justin Weinberg)
The Philosopher’s Zone (Joe Gelonesi)

Forum

PHILOS-L Listserv

News

Journal of the American Philosophical Association
Philosophical research online (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors, PhilPapers)
Philosophers’ Imprint (University of Michigan Library)
The Philosophers’ Magazine
Philosophy News

Book

Philosophy Bookshelf (Project Gutenberg), ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression

Fun




Three Minute Philosophy (YouTube Channel)

The Philosophical Lexicon (Daniel Dennett and Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen)
The Causes of death of philosophers (D. H. Mellor)
Philosophy Humor Links (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophical Humor (David Chalmers, Philosophy Pages)

Game

Philospohy Games (The Philosophers’ Magazine)

Arts

Philsophy of Art vs. Aesthetics (Christopher S. Nwodo, The British Journal of Aesthetics)

Fiction

Worlds Of Speculative Fiction: Philosophical Themes (Gregory B. Sadler, YouTube Channel)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

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Philosophers' Imprint Philosophers' Imprint

  • The Intentional Structure of Moods
    by Uriah Kriegel on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Moods are sometimes claimed to constitute an exception to the rule that mental phenomena are intentional (in the sense of representing something). In reaction, some philosophers have argued that moods are in fact intentional, but exhibit a special and unusual kind of intentionality: They represent the world as a whole, or everything indiscriminately, rather than some more specific object(s). In this paper, I present a problem for extant versions of this idea, then propose a revision that solves […]

  • Slurs Are Directives
    by Cameron Domenico Kirk-Giannini on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Recent work on the semantics and pragmatics of slurs has explored a variety of ways of explaining their potential to derogate, with the most popular family of approaches appealing to either: (i), the doxastic or evaluative attitudes or commitments expressed by — or (ii), the propositions concerning such attitudes or commitments semantically or pragmatically communicated by — the speakers who use them. I begin by arguing that no such speaker-orientedapproach can be correct. I then propose an […]

  • Solidarity, Fate-Sharing, and Community
    by Michael Zhao on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Solidarity is a widespread but under-explored phenomenon. In this paper, I give a philosophical account of solidarity, answering three salient questions: What motivates acts of solidarity? What unifies different acts into tokens of a single type of act, one of solidarity? And what values do acts of solidarity exhibit? The answer to all three, I argue, involves a certain way of relating to others: identifying with them on the basis of shared features, and identifying with the larger group that […]

  • Kant on Misology and the Natural Dialectic
    by John J. Callanan on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Towards the conclusion of the First Section of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant describes a process whereby a subject can undergo a kind of moral corruption. This process, which he calls a “natural dialectic”, can cause one to undermine one’s own or¬dinary grasp of the demands of morality. Kant also claims that this natural dialectic is the basis of the need for moral philosophy itself, since first-order moral reasoning is insufficient to protect against it. I show that […]

  • Normative Perfectionism and the Kantian Tradition
    by David O. Brink on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Perfectionism is an underexplored tradition, perhaps because of doubts about the grounds, content, and implications of perfectionist ideals. Aristotle, J.S. Mill, and T.H. Green are normative perfectionists, grounding perfectionist ideals in a normative conception of human nature involving personality or agency. This essay explores the prospects of normative perfectionism by examining Kant’s criticisms of the perfectionist tradition. First, Kant claims that the perfectionist can generate […]


Philosophy News Think About It

  • Structuralism in the Philosophy of Mathematics
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on November 19, 2019 at 1:16 pm

    Just to note the arrival at the Stanford Encyclopedia of a new entry ‘Structuralism in the Philosophy of Mathematics’ by Erich Reck and Georg Schiemer. Two features of this entry are potentially particularly useful. First, there is an attempt to provide a helpful taxonomy of the many varieties of structuralism about mathematics. Second, there’s a discussion of the relation between category theory and structuralism. There’s quite often a problem of level and speed of […]

  • The Case Against Righteous Anger
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on November 19, 2019 at 11:10 am

    There is a lot of anger in the world right now. You hear it people’s voices; you feel it in the air. Turn on a TV and what will you see? Journalists snapping questions at politicians; politicians snapping back with indignation. Dip your toe into social media and what will you read? People seething and roiling in rage. Anyone who disagrees with them is a ‘fucking idiot’, ‘garbage’, ‘worthless’. The time for quiet reflection and dialogue is over. We are […]

  • “I had rather see the portrait of a dog that I...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on November 19, 2019 at 3:02 am

    “I had rather see the portrait of a dog that I know than all the allegorical paintings they can show me,” held Samuel Johnson Continue reading . . . News source: Arts & Letters Daily Click the title to visit philosophynews.com for more

  • Understanding Perspectivism: Scientific...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on November 19, 2019 at 12:56 am

    2019.11.11 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Michela Massimi and Casey D. McCoy (eds.), Understanding Perspectivism: Scientific Challenges and Methodological Prospects, Routledge, 2019, 200pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138503069. Reviewed by Lucas J. Matthews, Columbia University/The Hastings Center At this point it's entirely uncontroversial that science comprises a variety of different approaches, methods, models, explanations, technologies, and perspectives. […]

  • Velleman from NYU to Johns Hopkins (updated)
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on November 18, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    J. David Velleman, currently professor of philosophy at New York University, has accepted an offer from the Department of Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University (JHU).  Professor Velleman will hold the Miller Research Professorship in Philosophy at JHU. He is known for his work in moral philosophy. Links to many of his papers and books can be found here. The Miller Professorship is named for William H. “Bill” Miller III, who last year donated $75 million to the […]