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Theory Philosophy, System


Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



PhilPapers (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors)
Recommended Resources in Philosophy (The American Philosophical Association
Philosophy portal (Wikipedia)


philosophy : (1) pursuit of wisdom (2) a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means (3) an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental beliefs (4) a system of philosophical concepts (5) a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought (6) the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group — Webster

Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)
Philosophy Dictionaries and Glossaries (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. — Wikipedia

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Encyclopædia Britannica


What is Philosophy? (Steve Palmquist, The Tree of Philosophy)


An Outline Of Philosophy (Bertrand Russell, Internet Archive)
Outline of Philosophy (Wikipedia)


Philosophy (Search Engine Guide), WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo



The Philosophy of Philosophy (Timothy Williamson)
Philosophical research online: Metaphilosophy (Jonathan Ichikawa, PhilPapers)
Contemporary Metaphilosophy (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Metaphilosophy (Wikipedia)


What Constitutes a Philosophical System? (Tim Lacy, Society for US Intellectual History)



Crash Course Philosophy (Hank Green)

History of Philosophy without any gaps (Peter Adamson, History of Philosophy)
A History of Philosophy YouTube Channel (Arthur Holmes, Wheaton College)
Ancient, Medieval, Oriental Philosophy arranged according to Dewey Decimal Classification (Bill Lawson)
History of Philosophy (Wikipedia) (Categories)


Philosophy Quotations (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Quotations Page


The Philosophy Chamber: Art and Science in Harvard’s Teaching Cabinet, 1766–1820 (Harvard Art Museums)
What Would Be in a Philosophy Museum? (Justin Weinberg, Daily Nous)
At Philosophy Museum, Please Feed the Mind (The New York Times)


A Guide to Philosophy in the Library of Congress Classification (John R. Shook)
Harvard Robbins Library of Philosophy
WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Teaching Children Philosophy
Philosophy for Children
Center for Philosophy for Children (University of Washington)

Teaching Philosophy (PhilPapers)
Philosophy Courses, Syllabi, Teaching & Learning (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Study Guide for Students of Philosophy (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)


The Tree of Philosophy: A Course of Introductory Lectures (Stephen Palmquist)
A History of Ideas: A 60-part radio series (The Open University)
Philosophy Podcasts (
Linguistics and Philosophy (MIT Open Courseware)



Career Resources (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (PhilJobs)
Jobs (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)


PhilEvents (Conferences, CFPs, and seminars in philosophy)


Philosophical Associations and Societies (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophy Associations and Societies (American Philosophical Association)
American Philosophical Association
Society for Applied Philosophy
Philosophy Documentation Center


Blogs and Podcasts (American Philosophical Association)
Philosophical Weblogs Directory (David Chalmers)
Daily Nous (Justin Weinberg)
The Philosopher’s Zone (Joe Gelonesi)


PHILOS-L Listserv


Journal of the American Philosophical Association
Philosophical research online (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors, PhilPapers)
Philosophers’ Imprint (University of Michigan Library)
The Philosophers’ Magazine
Philosophy News


Philosophy Bookshelf (Project Gutenberg), ISBNdb





Three Minute Philosophy (YouTube Channel)

The Philosophical Lexicon (Daniel Dennett and Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen)
The Causes of death of philosophers (D. H. Mellor)
Philosophy Humor Links (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophical Humor (David Chalmers, Philosophy Pages)


Philospohy Games (The Philosophers’ Magazine)


Philsophy of Art vs. Aesthetics (Christopher S. Nwodo, The British Journal of Aesthetics)


Worlds Of Speculative Fiction: Philosophical Themes (Gregory B. Sadler, YouTube Channel)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



  • Pipitone, Shirley Ann : Study of the Social Value...
    on January 18, 2020 at 11:32 am

    This study was commissioned by the National Trust of Australia (Australian Capital Territory). The study sought to establish how the people of the ACT use and value Lake Burley Griffin. A questionnaire was developed to seek information about people's familiarity, frequency of visits, purpose of visits, and likes or dislikes about 22 broadly defined places around the lake. Places were chosen to cover as much of the surrounds of the lake as possible while keeping the questionnaire a manageable […]

  • Menge, Torsten : Neighborhoods and States: Why...
    on January 18, 2020 at 11:32 am

    Collective self-determination is considered to be an important political value. Many liberal political philosophers appeal to it to defend the right of states to exclude would-be newcomers. In this paper, I challenge the value of collective self-determination in the case of countries like the US, former colonial powers with a history of white supremacist immigration and citizenship policies. I argue for my claim by way of an analogy: There is no value to white neighborhoods in the US, which are […]

  • Lab, Sdag : Sách chuyên khảo về KHXH của...
    on January 18, 2020 at 11:32 am

    _SDAG Lab ISR_ 2019 (10):1-2. 2019 Ngày 25-10, một cuốn chuyên khảo về khoa học xã hội Việt Nam do nhóm nghiên cứu mạnh SDAG, trung tâm ISR, trường Đại học Phenikaa đã chính thức hiện diện trên hệ thống điện tử của nhà xuất bản Đức Walter de Gruyter GmbH (ISBN-10: […]

  • Trinh, Phuong-Thao T. ; Le, Thu-Hien T. ; Vuong,...
    on January 18, 2020 at 11:32 am

    In Quan-Hoang Vuong & Trung Tran (eds.), _The Vietnamese Social Sciences at a Fork in the Road_. Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter. pp. 121-142. 2019 Phuong-Thao T. Trinh, Thu-Hien T. Le, Thu-Trang Vuong, Phuong-Hanh Hoang (2019). Chapter 6. The question of quality. In Quan-Hoang Vuong, Trung Tran (Eds.), The Vietnamese Social Sciences at a Fork in the Road (pp. 121–142). Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter. DOI:10.2478/9783110686081-011. Online ISBN: 9783110686081 © 2019 Sciendo / De […]

  • Ho, Manh-Tung ; Hoang, Khanh-Linh ; Nguyen,...
    on January 18, 2020 at 11:32 am

    In Quan-Hoang Vuong & Trung Tran (eds.), _The Vietnamese Social Sciences at a Fork in the Road_. Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter. pp. 163-177. 2019 Manh-Tung Ho, Khanh-Linh Hoang, Minh-Hoang Nguyen, Manh-Toan Ho (2019). Chapter 8. The emerging business of science in Vietnam. In Quan-Hoang Vuong, Trung Tran (Eds.), The Vietnamese Social Sciences at a Fork in the Road (pp. 163–177). Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter. DOI:10.2478/9783110686081-013. Online ISBN: 9783110686081 © 2019 Sciendo / De […]

Philosophers' Imprint Philosophers' Imprint

  • Plurdurance
    by Daniel Giberman on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Like most theories in first order metaphysics, theories of persistence generally aim at metaphysically necessary truth. Consequently, those that accept proper temporal parts of material entities are maximally competitive only when they accord with the full range of metaphysically possible temporal mereological structures. Consider, for example, a structure in which every element is a proper temporal part of some others (temporal junk). The present essay argues that temporal junk plausibly is […]

  • Race, Ideology, and the Communicative Theory of...
    by Steven Swartzer on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    This paper explores communicative punishment from a non-idealized perspective. I argue that, given the specific racial dynamics involved, and given the broader social and historical context in which they are embedded, American policing and punishment function as a form of racially derogatory discourse. Understood as communicative behavior, criminal justice activities express a commitment to a broader ideology. Given the facts about how the American justice system actually operates, and given […]

  • From Biological Functions to Natural Goodness
    by Parisa Moosavi on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism aims to place moral virtue in the natural world by showing that moral goodness is an instance of natural goodness—a kind of goodness supposedly also found in the biological realm of plants and non-human animals. One of the central issues facing neo-Aristotelian naturalists concerns their commitment to a kind of function ascription based on the concept of the flourishing of an organism that seems to have no place in modern biology. In this paper, I offer a […]

  • Mary Shepherd on Causation, Induction, and...
    by Antonia LoLordo on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    In several early 19th century works, Mary Shepherd articulates a theory of causation that is intended to respond to Humean skepticism. I argue that Shepherd's theory should be read in light of the science of the day and her conception of her place in the British philosophical tradition. Reading Shepherd’s theory in light of her conception of the history of philosophy, including her claim to be the genuine heir of Locke, illuminates the broader significance of her attempt to reinstate reason […]

  • Friendship, Trust and Moral Self-Perfection
    by Mavis Biss on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    This paper develops an account of moral friendship that both draws on and revises Kant’s conception of moral friendship for the purpose of explaining how trusting and being trusted in the way that Kant describes supports moral self-perfection beyond increased self-knowledge and refinement of judgment. I will argue that cultivation of the virtues of friendship is important to the pursuit of moral self-perfection, specifically with respect to combatting the unsociable side of our unsociable […]

Philosophy News Think About It

  • The philosophy of smalltalk. Behind our...
    by on January 18, 2020 at 2:09 am

    The philosophy of smalltalk. Behind our pleasantries lies an existential query: Just who do you think you are? Continue reading . . . News source: Arts & Letters Daily Click the title to visit for more

  • A Philosopher Takes on Evolutionary Psychology
    by on January 17, 2020 at 6:00 pm

    “Evolutionary psychological inferences commonly fail to satisfy reasonable epistemic criteria.” The failures are so significant that good evolutionary psychology may not be possible.  So argues Subrena Smith, a philosopher at the University of New Hampshire. Her paper, “Is Evolutionary Psychology Possible?“, was recently published in Biological Theory. In it, she argues that the popular research program of evolutionary psychology is […]

  • Philosophers Win NEH Grants
    by on January 17, 2020 at 3:52 pm

    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) has announced the winners of its most recent round of grants, and several philosophy faculty  are among them. Constitution Center, Washington DC They are: Dorit Bar-On (University of Connecticut) Expression, Communication, and Origins of Meaning Project Description: Completion of a book on the origins of language. $60,000 Fellowship Michael Jacovides (Purdue University) Springs and Principles of the Universe: David Hume on Laws and Causes […]

  • APA Member Interview: Eugene Kelly
    by on January 17, 2020 at 1:48 pm

    Eugene Kelly has been Professor of Philosophy at the New York Institute of Technology for forty years. He received his Ph.D. from New York University, and spent two years doing research as a fellow of the German Academic Exchange Service at the F.U. Berlin and the University of Cologne. Among his research interests is German Continue reading . . . News source: Blog of the APA Click the title to visit for more

  • Love: A New Understanding of an Ancient Emotion
    by on January 17, 2020 at 1:36 am

    2020.01.05 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Simon May, Love: A New Understanding of an Ancient Emotion, Oxford University Press, 2019, 285pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190884833. Reviewed by Eric J. Silverman, Christopher Newport University Simon May's new book on love is truly ambitious. He hopes to offer a genuinely new answer to a question that's been around at least since Phaedrus asked his friends to offer speeches defining and praising love in Plato's […]