Philosophy

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Philosophy Tube

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Pages

Theory Philosophy, System

Subpages

Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

PhilPapers (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors)
Recommended Resources in Philosophy (The American Philosophical Association
Philosophy portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

philosophy : (1) pursuit of wisdom (2) a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means (3) an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental beliefs (4) a system of philosophical concepts (5) a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought (6) the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group — Webster

Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)
Philosophy Dictionaries and Glossaries (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. — Wikipedia

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Encyclopædia Britannica

Introduction


What is Philosophy? (Steve Palmquist, The Tree of Philosophy)

Outline

An Outline Of Philosophy (Bertrand Russell, Internet Archive)
Outline of Philosophy (Wikipedia)

Search

Philosophy (Search Engine Guide), WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo

Foundation

Philosophy


The Philosophy of Philosophy (Timothy Williamson)
Philosophical research online: Metaphilosophy (Jonathan Ichikawa, PhilPapers)
Contemporary Metaphilosophy (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Metaphilosophy (Wikipedia)

System

What Constitutes a Philosophical System? (Tim Lacy, Society for US Intellectual History)

Preservation

History



Crash Course Philosophy (Hank Green)

History of Philosophy without any gaps (Peter Adamson, History of Philosophy)
A History of Philosophy YouTube Channel (Arthur Holmes, Wheaton College)
Ancient, Medieval, Oriental Philosophy arranged according to Dewey Decimal Classification (Bill Lawson)
History of Philosophy (Wikipedia) (Categories)

Quotation

Philosophy Quotations (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Quotations Page

Museum

The Philosophy Chamber: Art and Science in Harvard’s Teaching Cabinet, 1766–1820 (Harvard Art Museums)
What Would Be in a Philosophy Museum? (Justin Weinberg, Daily Nous)
At Philosophy Museum, Please Feed the Mind (The New York Times)

Library

A Guide to Philosophy in the Library of Congress Classification (John R. Shook)
Harvard Robbins Library of Philosophy
WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education


Teaching Children Philosophy
Philosophy for Children
Center for Philosophy for Children (University of Washington)

Teaching Philosophy (PhilPapers)
Philosophy Courses, Syllabi, Teaching & Learning (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Study Guide for Students of Philosophy (Garth Kemerling, Philosophy Pages)

Course

The Tree of Philosophy: A Course of Introductory Lectures (Stephen Palmquist)
A History of Ideas: A 60-part radio series (The Open University)
Philosophy Podcasts (LearnOutLoud.com)
Linguistics and Philosophy (MIT Open Courseware)

Community

Occupation

Career Resources (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (American Philosophical Association)
Jobs for Philosophers (PhilJobs)
Jobs (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)

Event

PhilEvents (Conferences, CFPs, and seminars in philosophy)

Organization

Philosophical Associations and Societies (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophy Associations and Societies (American Philosophical Association)
American Philosophical Association
Society for Applied Philosophy
Philosophy Documentation Center

Blog

Blogs and Podcasts (American Philosophical Association)
Philosophical Weblogs Directory (David Chalmers)
Daily Nous (Justin Weinberg)
The Philosopher’s Zone (Joe Gelonesi)

Forum

PHILOS-L Listserv

News

Journal of the American Philosophical Association
Philosophical research online (David Bourget and David Chalmers, General Editors, PhilPapers)
Philosophers’ Imprint (University of Michigan Library)
The Philosophers’ Magazine
Philosophy News

Book

Philosophy Bookshelf (Project Gutenberg), ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression

Fun




Three Minute Philosophy (YouTube Channel)

The Philosophical Lexicon (Daniel Dennett and Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen)
The Causes of death of philosophers (D. H. Mellor)
Philosophy Humor Links (Peter Suber, Guide to Philosophy on the Internet)
Philosophical Humor (David Chalmers, Philosophy Pages)

Game

Philospohy Games (The Philosophers’ Magazine)

Arts

Philsophy of Art vs. Aesthetics (Christopher S. Nwodo, The British Journal of Aesthetics)

Fiction

Worlds Of Speculative Fiction: Philosophical Themes (Gregory B. Sadler, YouTube Channel)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

More…

  • Mandelkern, Matthew : If p, then p!
    on January 1, 1970 at 12:00 am

    The Identity principle says that conditionals with the form 'If p, then p' are logical truths. Identity is overwhelmingly plausible, and has rarely been explicitly challenged. But a wide range of conditionals nonetheless invalidate it. I explain the problem, and argue that the culprit is the principle known as Import-Export, which we must thus reject. I then explore how we can reject Import-Export in a way that still makes sense of the intuitions that support it, arguing that the differences […]

  • Mandelkern, Matthew : If p, then p!
    on January 1, 1970 at 12:00 am

    The Identity principle says that conditionals with the form 'If p, then p' are logical truths. Identity is overwhelmingly plausible, and has rarely been explicitly challenged. But a wide range of conditionals nonetheless invalidate it. I explain the problem, and argue that the culprit is the principle known as Import-Export, which we must thus reject. I then explore how we can reject Import-Export in a way that still makes sense of the intuitions that support it, arguing that the differences […]

  • Suñé, Abel & Martínez,...
    on January 1, 1970 at 12:00 am

    While scientific inquiry crucially relies on the extraction of patterns from data, we still have a very imperfect understanding of the metaphysics of patterns—and, in particular, of what it is that makes a pattern real. In this paper we derive a criterion of real-patternhood from the notion of conditional Kolmogorov complexity. The resulting account belongs in the philosophical tradition, initiated by Dennett, that links real-patternhood to data compressibility, but is simpler and […]

  • Kürbis, Nils : An Argument for Minimal Logic
    on January 1, 1970 at 12:00 am

    _Dialectica_ 73 (1-2):31-63. 2019 The problem of negative truth is the problem of how, if everything in the world is positive, we can speak truly about the world using negative propositions. A prominent solution is to explain negation in terms of a primitive notion of metaphysical incompatibility. I argue that if this account is correct, then minimal logic is the correct logic. The negation of a proposition A is characterised as the minimal incompatible of A composed of it and the logical […]

  • da Silva, Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro & da Silva,...
    on January 1, 1970 at 12:00 am

    FILOSOFIA: CRÍTICA À METAFÍSICA PHILOSOPHY: CRITICISM TO METAPHYSICS Por: Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - UFRPE Alana Thaís Mayza da Silva - CAP-UFPE RESUMO: A Metafísica (do grego: Μεταφυσική) é uma área inerente à Filosofia, dito isto, é uma esfera que compreende o mundo e os seres humanos sob uma fundamentação suprassensível da realidade, bem como goza de fundamentação ontológica e teológica para explicação dos dilemas do nosso mundo. Logo, não goza da […]


Philosophers' Imprint Philosophers' Imprint

  • Learning and Value Change
    by J. Dmitri Gallow on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Accuracy-first accounts of rational learning attempt to vindicate the intuitive idea that, while rationally-formed belief need not be true, it is nevertheless likely to be true. To this end, they attempt to show that the Bayesian’s rational learning norms are a consequence of the rational pursuit of accuracy. Existing accounts fall short of this goal, for they presuppose evidential norms which are not and cannot be vindicated in terms of the single-minded pursuit of accuracy. I propose an […]

  • Imagination: A Lens, Not a Mirror
    by Nick Wiltsher on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    The terms "imagination'' and "imaginative'' can be readily applied to a profusion of attitudes, experiences, activities, and further phenomena. The heterogeneity of the things to which they're applied prompts the thoughts that the terms are polysemous, and that there is no single, coherent, fruitful conception of imagination to be had. Nonetheless, much recent work on imagination ascribes implicitly to a univocal way of thinking about imaginative phenomena: the imitation theory, […]

  • by Brian Embry on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    For Francisco Suárez, beings of reason are non-existent objects that we can think about, objects like goat-stags and round squares. The first section of the fifty-fourth of Suárez’s Metaphysical Disputations is about the ontological status of beings of reason. Suárez’s view has been the subject of disagreement in the literature because he sometimes says that there are beings of reason, and he sometimes says there are not. In this paper, I argue for and explain an ontological pluralist […]

  • Logic Through a Leibnizian Lens
    by Craig Warmke on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Leibniz's conceptual containment theory says that singular propositions of the form a is F are true when the complete concept of being a contains the concept of being F. In this paper, I provide a new semantics for first-order logic built around this idea. The semantics resolves longstanding problems for Leibniz's theory and can represent, without possible worlds, both hyperintensional distinctions among properties and a certain kind of presumably impossible situation that standard approaches […]

  • Pythagoreanism: A Number of Theories
    by Aaron Segal on January 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Pythagoreanism, the claim that ‘all is number’, is rarely taken seriously these days as a candidate for the sober metaphysical truth. This is a mistake. I distinguish various versions of Pythagoreanism. Some such versions are unmotivated, some are subject to serious objections, and some are both. But, I argue, there is a robust version of Pythagoreanism—according to which there is a true theory whose ontology and ideology are wholly mathematical from which every truth follows—that […]


Philosophy News Think About It

  • "Our most elite universities are today...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on July 22, 2019 at 4:03 am

    "Our most elite universities are today running away from their elitism.” But elitism, argues Anthony Kronman, is "something to be cherished and cared for" Continue reading . . . News source: Arts & Letters Daily Click the title to visit philosophynews.com for mor […]

  • When it comes to syntax, Lionel Shriver throws in...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on July 22, 2019 at 1:58 am

    When it comes to syntax, Lionel Shriver throws in her lot with the pedants. How else to arrest semantic drift? Continue reading . . . News source: Arts & Letters Daily Click the title to visit philosophynews.com for mor […]

  • The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 2: A...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on July 21, 2019 at 11:54 pm

    2019.07.13 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Scott Soames, The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 2: A New Vision, Princeton University Press, 2018, 423pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780691160030. Reviewed by Gregory Landini, University of Iowa This volume continues the history of analytic philosophy of Volume 1 (2014). A few of the chapters (p. viii) are explained as updated and substantially expanded parts of his two-volume Philosophical Analysis in the […]

  • Epiphenomenal Mind: An Integrated Outlook on...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on July 21, 2019 at 1:47 pm

    2019.07.08 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews William S. Robinson, Epiphenomenal Mind: An Integrated Outlook on Sensations, Beliefs, and Pleasure, Routledge, 2019, 202pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138351370. Reviewed by Richard Fumerton, University of Iowa Any philosopher interested in the philosophy of mind should read William S. Robinson's book. It is a clear, thoughtful, well-argued, and sophisticated discussion of how to understand our talk about such mental […]

  • When it comes to syntax, Lionel Shriver throws in...
    by paulp@philosophynews.com on July 20, 2019 at 5:37 pm

    When it comes to syntax, Lionel Shriver throws in his lot with the pedants. How else to arrest semantic drift? Continue reading . . . News source: Arts & Letters Daily Click the title to visit philosophynews.com for mor […]