Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Form / Innovation / Technology



technology : (1) the practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area : engineering (2) a capability given by the practical application of knowledge (3) a manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge (4) the specialized aspects of a particular field of endeavor — Webster   See also OneLook


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species’ ability to control and adapt to their natural environments. The term can either be applied generally or to specific areas: examples include construction technology, medical technology, and information technology. — Wikipedia

Technology (Encyclopædia Britannica)


Technological World (Wolfram Alpha)
Science & Technology (Wolfram Alpha)
Engineering (Wolfram Alpha)



24 Of The Most Mesmerizing Machines (Andrew Ilnyckyj, BuzzFeed)

When science fiction inspires real technology (Emerging Technology from the arXiv)



Philosophy of Engineering (PhilPapers)
Philosophy of Engineering (American Society for Engineering Education)
Philosophy of Engineering (Wikipedia)


Engineering design process (Wikipedia)



Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. — Wikipedia


Nuclear fusion (Wikipedia)
Seabin Project (Official Site)
The Ocean Cleanup (Wikipedia)
Organisms breaking down plastic (Wikipedia)
Nanotechnology (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Cultured meat (Wikipedia)
Carbon capture (Wikipedia)
Passive house (Wikipedia)
Graphine (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Mycelium (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Artificial intelligence (Cosma)

Doomsday Clock (The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists’ Science and Security Board)
Doomsday Clock (Wikipedia)
Doomsday (Wikipedia)

20 Big Questions about the Future of Humanity (Scientific American)
Global catastrophic risk (Wikipedia)

See also Doom (Cosma)



Entrepreneurship, then, is behavior rather than personality trait. And its foundation lies in concept and theory rather than in intuition. — Peter F. Drucker, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles

Entrepreneurship & Engineering Innovation (American Society for Engineering Education)

Technology Campaigns@Kickstarter
Engineering Campaigns@Indiegogo


Engineering Gifts@Zazzle




The human species’ use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistorical discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans in traveling in and controlling their environment. Recent technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. However, not all technology has been used for peaceful purposes; the development of weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons. — Wikipedia

Crash Course: History of Science (YouTube Playlist)

Society for the History of Technology (SHOT)
Engineering and Technology History Wiki (ETHW)
History of Technology News & Articles (IEEE Spectrum)


Quotations Page


Museum of Obsolete Objects (YouTube Channel)

Museum of Obsolete Media

The Tech Interactive (YouTube)
The Tech Interactive (Wikipedia)


Library of Congress # T Technology (UPenn Online Books)
Library of Congress # TA Engineering (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




Technological literacy is the ability to use, manage, understand, and assess technology. — Wikipedia

Engineers and Educators Collaborate to Reach Solutions for Technological Literacy Enhancements (Arthur Winston)
Technological Literacy Counts Workshop Summary (IEEE)
Technological literacy counts: outcomes of a workshop to enhance technological literacy of K-12 students (IEEE)

Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology (National Academy of Engineering & National Science Foundation)
Technological and Engineering Literacy (American Society for Engineering Education)

Engineering is Elementary (Boston Museum of Science)
Engineering is Elementary (YouTube Channel)
National Center for Technological Literacy (Museum of Science, Boston)

TryEngineering (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
Engineering Posters (Glogpedia)

Is there a limit to technological progress? (Clément Vidal, TED-Ed)
Design, Engineering & Technology (TED Ed)

MERLOT Engineering Community Portal
MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Crash Course Kids Engineering: The Engineering Process (YouTube Playlist)

14 Grand Challenges for Engineering in the 21st Century (National Academy of Engineering)
Crash Course: Engineering (YouTube Playlist)

Engineering Courses (edX)
Engineering Courses (MIT OpenCourseware)



Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences
International Association of Engineers
World Federation of Engineering Organizations

American Association of Engineering Societies
The Institute of Engineering and Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)


IEEE Spectrum
MIT Technology Review
Popular Mechanics




National Academy of Engineering (official Site)
National Academy of Engineering (Wikipedia)

Office of Science and Technology Policy (US White House)





What’s Inside Technology (YouTube Playlist)


Engineering (Tim Hunkin, Rudiments of Wisdom Encyclopedia)


Mouse Trap (Hasbro)
Mouse Trap (Wikipedia)


Rube Goldberg machine, named after American cartoonist Rube Goldberg, is a chain reaction-type machine or contraption intentionally designed to perform a simple task in an indirect and (impractically) overly complicated way. Usually, these machines consist of a series of simple unrelated devices; the action of each triggers the initiation of the next, eventually resulting in achieving a stated goal. — Wikipedia

Rube Goldberg (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Rube Goldberg (Wikipedia)

Rube Goldberg Machine Contest is a contest in which students ages 8-18 build devices to complete a simple task in a minimum of twenty steps and a maximum of seventy five, in the style of American cartoonist Rube Goldberg. The contest is held both internationally and during the Covid-19 pandemic, digitally. The Rube Goldberg Machine Contest originated at Purdue University in 1949 as a competition between Theta Tau and Triangle fraternities. — Wikipedia

History of the Rube Goldberg machine contest (Purdue University)
Rube Goldberg Contests History (Official Site)
Rube Goldberg Contests (Official Site)


Performing Arts

How Marvel’s Go-To Team Created The Futuristic Tech Of Black Panther (KC Ifeanyi, Fast Company)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form




Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Form

Innovation Creativity, Mathematics
Science Research, Discovery
Technology Invention, Intellectual Property
Commerce Entrepreneurship, Product



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.