No computer has ever been designed that is ever aware of what it’s doing; but most of the time, we aren’t either. — Marvin Minsky
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it. The central problems of AI include such traits as reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. — Wikipedia
Machine Learning Machine learning (ML) is the study of computer algorithms that can improve automatically through experience and by the use of data. Machine learning algorithms build a model based on sample data, known as training data, in order to make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed to do so. Machine learning algorithms are used in a wide variety of applications, such as in medicine, email filtering, speech recognition, and computer vision, where it is difficult or unfeasible to develop conventional algorithms to perform the needed tasks.
A subset of machine learning is closely related to computational statistics, which focuses on making predictions using computers; but not all machine learning is statistical learning. The study of mathematical optimization delivers methods, theory and application domains to the field of machine learning. Data mining is a related field of study, focusing on exploratory data analysis through unsupervised learning. Some applications of machine learning use data and neural networks in a way that mimics the working of a biological brain. — Wikipedia
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
International Society of Applied Intelligence
Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour
ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence (ACM SIGAI)
Artificial Intelligence: the art of making computers that behave like the ones in movies. — William C. Bulko
Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking Among Hundreds to Urge Ban on Military Robots (Daniel Victor, New York Times)
Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence (Kurt Andersen, Vanity Fair)
Autonomous Weapons: an Open Letter from AI & Robotics Researchers (Future of Life Institute)
Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.