South America

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Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (UNESCO World Heritage Centre)
Machu Picchu (Wikipedia)

Travel Destinations: Central and South America (Frommer’s)
Travel Destinations in South America (BBC)



America North, Central, South, Caribbean


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



South America (Infoplease), South America Portal (Wikipedia), South America (DMOZ Tools)


South America : continent of the Western Hemisphere lying between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans southeast of North America and crossed by the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn area 6,880,706 square miles (17,821,029 square kilometers) — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary


South America is a continent located in the western hemisphere, mostly in the southern hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is the model used in nations that speak Romance languages. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil).

It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. It includes twelve sovereign states (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela), a part of France (French Guiana), and a non-sovereign area (the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory though this is disputed by Argentina). In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, and Panama may also be considered part of South America.

Most of the population lives near the continent’s western or eastern coasts while the interior and the far south are sparsely populated. The geography of western South America is dominated by the Andes mountains; in contrast, the eastern part contains both highland regions and large lowlands where rivers such as the Amazon, Orinoco, and Paraná flow. Most of the continent lies in the tropics.

The continent’s cultural and ethnic outlook has its origin with the interaction of indigenous peoples with European conquerors and immigrants and, more locally, with African slaves. Given a long history of colonialism, the overwhelming majority of South Americans speak Portuguese or Spanish, and societies and states commonly reflect Western traditions. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica



Outline of South America (Wikipedia)



South America History Timeline (World Atlas)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



South American Newspapers (All You Can Read)





  • Hezbollah's vile influence reaches South America...
    on August 20, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    Hezbollah's vile influence reaches South America  The NationalFrom money laundering to drug trafficking, the extremist group's illicit activities span accross South America.

  • Globus Unveils 2020 Vacations to Asia, India...
    on August 20, 2019 at 2:49 pm

    Globus Unveils 2020 Vacations to Asia, India & South America  TravelPulseExplore new itineraries and discover amazing destinations.

  • Bolsonaro’s Amazon-size spat with Germany,...
    on August 20, 2019 at 2:36 pm

    Bolsonaro’s Amazon-size spat with Germany, Norway threatens Europe-South America trade deal  The Washington PostSAO PAULO, Brazil — First, Brazil announced it would take foreign aid away from projects to protect the Amazon rainforest and give it instead to cattle and ...

  • Venezuelan man makes 'one-legged' trek across...
    on August 20, 2019 at 7:45 am

    Venezuelan man makes 'one-legged' trek across South America  Virginian-PilotUSHUAIA, Argentina (AP) — A Venezuelan man who lost his left leg in a traffic accident has walked to the bottom tip of South America, hoping to inspire his ...

  • Azamara photo contest to award a South America...
    on August 19, 2019 at 11:51 pm

    Azamara photo contest to award a South America cruise  Seatrade Cruise NewsAzamara's 'Snap & Sail Photo Contest' aims to inspire individuals to share their travel images with the chance to become the line's next *content* creator.