Artificial Intelligence

Cosma Home > Communication > Media > Artificial Intelligence (AI)


Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking Among Hundreds to Urge Ban on Military Robots (Daniel Victor, New York Times)
Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence (Kurt Andersen, Vanity Fair)
Autonomous Weapons: an Open Letter from AI & Robotics Researchers (Future of Life Institute)


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



AI Topics (American Association for Artificial Intelligence)


artificial intelligence (ai) : a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers — Webster

The AI Dictionary (Bill Wilson, The University of New South Wales), The International Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence (William Raynor), FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary


Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it. The central problems of AI include such traits as reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. — Wikipedia

David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica, Columbia (Infoplease)


Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Ed. (Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig)


Outline of Artificial Intelligence (Wikipedia)


Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center)
DMOZ Open Directory Project (AOL)


WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo



Brief history of AI (American Association for Artificial Intelligence)
History of Artificial Intelligence (Wikipedia)


Robots and Beyond: Exploring Artificial Intelligence at MIT (MIT Museum)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




OER Commons: Open Educational Resources
Open Education Consortium


AI Community


American Association for Artificial Intelligence
International Society of Applied Intelligence
Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence


Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal)






Association for Computing Machinery, Science Daily, NPR Archives




Programs on Artificial Intelligence (DARPA)





OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form


Rise of the Robots–The Future of Artificial Intelligence (Hans Moravec, Scientific American)
The Coming Superbrain (John Markoff, The New York Times)



Association for Computing Machinery, Artificial Intelligence

Science Daily
  • Shedding light on how humans walk, with robots May 24, 2017 6:07 pm
    Patients walking in clinical robotic suits do not modify their gait in response to forces that are meant to alter the height of their steps, though they do respond to alterations in step length, providing insight into how the human brain executes walking and improving rehabilitative robot design, researchers have discovered.
  • Parasitic robot system for waypoint navigation of turtle May 23, 2017 12:35 pm
    Scientists have presented a hybrid animal-robot interaction called "the parasitic robot system," that imitates the nature relationship between parasites and host.
  • Next-gen computing: Memristor chips that see patterns over pixels May 23, 2017 12:32 pm
    Inspired by how mammals see, a new 'memristor' computer circuit prototype has the potential to process complex data, such as images and video orders of magnitude, faster and with much less power than today's most advanced systems.
  • Building a better 'bot': Artificial intelligence helps human groups May 17, 2017 5:25 pm
    Artificial intelligence doesn't have to be super-sophisticated to make a difference in people's lives, according to a new study. Even 'dumb AI' can help human groups.
  • 3-D-printed, soft, four legged robot can walk on sand and stone May 16, 2017 6:34 pm
    Engineers have developed the first soft robot that is capable of walking on rough surfaces, such as sand and pebbles. The 3-D-printed, four-legged robot can climb over obstacles and walk on different terrains.
  • Virtual top hats allow swarming robots to fly in tight formation May 15, 2017 10:04 pm
    Researchers have created a team of free-flying robots that obeys the two rules of the air: don't collide or undercut each other. They've also built autonomous blimps that recognize hand gestures and detect faces.
  • Live interactions with robots increase their perceived human likeness May 10, 2017 3:52 pm
    A recent study found that people who watched live interactions with a robot were more likely to consider the robot to have more human-like qualities.
  • New robotic fish for environmental monitoring May 10, 2017 1:15 pm
    Researchers are developing a bio-inspired robot equipped with special chemical sensors able to detect the pH of water.
  • Personality factors are best defense against losing your job to a robot May 9, 2017 4:20 pm
    New research has found that IQ, along with an early interest in the arts and sciences, predicts who is likely to fall victim to automation in the workplace.
  • First-ever autonomously controlled 'capsule robot' explores colon May 8, 2017 3:25 pm
    New research shows that an 18-mm magnetized capsule colonoscope, which can be paired with standard medical instruments, successfully performed intricate maneuvers inside the colon while guided by an external magnet attached to a robotic arm. Researchers believe this technology will reduce the potential discomfort of colonoscopies and lead to more people undergoing the life-saving screening test.
  • Refrigerator for quantum computers discovered May 8, 2017 12:32 pm
    Researchers have invented a quantum-circuit refrigerator, which can reduce errors in quantum computing. This is a new twist towards a functioning quantum computer.
  • Computers learn to understand humans better by modelling them May 3, 2017 1:30 pm
    Despite significant breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, it has been notoriously hard for computers to understand why a user behaves the way s/he does. Now researchers report that computers are able to learn to explain the behavior of individuals by tracking their glances and movements.
  • Deep learning helps scientists keep track of cell's inner parts May 2, 2017 3:25 pm
    High throughput screens of image-based data allow a direct view of proteins' whereabouts in the cell but the lack of fast and accurate analysis tools has been a bottleneck. Scientists reveal DeepLoc, a deep learning algorithm that is faster and more accurate than the human eye and brings analysis time down from months to hours.
  • Device allows users to manipulate 3-D virtual objects more quickly May 1, 2017 1:43 pm
    Researchers have developed a user-friendly, inexpensive controller for manipulating virtual objects in a computer program in three dimensions. The device allows users to manipulate objects more quickly -- with less lag time -- than existing technologies.
  • Artificial intelligence shows potential to fight blindness April 27, 2017 11:07 pm
    Researchers have found a way to use artificial intelligence to fight a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes.
  • Can early experiences with computers, robots increase STEM interest among young girls? April 27, 2017 5:07 pm
    Girls start believing they aren't good at math, science and even computers at a young age -- but providing fun STEM activities at school and home may spark interest and inspire confidence, suggests a new study.
  • How state-of-the-art camera that behaves like the human eye could benefit robots and smart devices April 27, 2017 3:09 pm
    Experts will explore how an artificial vision system inspired by the human eye could be used by robots of the future -- opening up new possibilities for securing footage from deep forests, war zones and even distant planets.
  • Artificial intelligence may help diagnose tuberculosis in remote areas April 25, 2017 4:49 pm
    Researchers are training artificial intelligence models to identify tuberculosis (TB) on chest X-rays, which may help screening and evaluation efforts in TB-prevalent areas with limited access to radiologists, according to a new study.
  • New interface allows more efficient, faster technique to remotely operate robots April 25, 2017 4:43 pm
    A new interface allows users to simply point and click on an item, then choose a grasp, to control a robot remotely.
  • Click-on arm prosthesis controlled by patient's thoughts April 25, 2017 1:30 pm
    Last Friday, the first patient in the Netherlands received his click-on robotic arm. By means of a new technique, this robotic arm is clicked directly onto the bone. A unique characteristic of this prosthesis is that it can be controlled by the patient's own thoughts. Worldwide, there are only a handful of patients with such a prosthesis.
  • Scientific discovery game significantly speeds up neuroscience research process April 24, 2017 7:38 pm
    A new scientific discovery game called Mozak is allowing video gamers to significantly speed up reconstructing the intricate architecture of brain cells, a fundamental task in 21st century brain science. These citizen scientists have outperformed computers in tracing the intricate shapes of neurons, a first step in understanding how our brain circuitry works.
  • Space technologies improve surgeries back on earth April 22, 2017 2:20 pm
    A novel surgical robotic system has been developed that provides tactile feedback and is capable of single-incision and natural orifice (incision-free) robotic surgery. The system minimizes surgical trauma and is safer than currently available robotic systems.
  • Gaming helps personalized therapy level up April 19, 2017 2:08 pm
    Using game features in non-game contexts, computers can learn to build personalized mental- and physical-therapy programs that enhance individual motivation, according to engineers.
  • Robotic cheetah created April 19, 2017 1:31 pm
    Engineers have developed a prototype cheetah robot. They have constructed a scaled-down robotic version of the fastest land animal in the world, with a view to replicating its movements. Relatively speaking, the robot moves using only about fifteen percent more energy than a real cheetah.
  • Helping students learn by sketching April 17, 2017 12:48 pm
    New software Sketch Worksheets analyzes and provides feedback on student sketches, helping them learn multiple subjects.
  • Computer game helps scientists understand animal camouflage April 13, 2017 12:46 pm
    Online computer games played by more than 30,000 people have helped scientists understand animal camouflage and color vision.
  • How to color a lizard: From biology to mathematics April 12, 2017 5:23 pm
    Skin color patterns in animals arise from microscopic interactions among colored cells that obey equations, say investigators. Researchers report that a lizard acquires its adult skin color by changing the color of individual skin scales. The work shows that the 3-D geometry of the lizard's skin scales causes the Turing mechanism to transform into the von Neumann computing system.
  • New machine learning models can detect hate speech, violence from texts April 12, 2017 1:12 pm
    The words we use and our writing styles can reveal information about our preferences, thoughts, emotions and behaviors. Using this information, a new study has developed machine learning models that can detect antisocial behaviors, such as hate speech and indications of violence, from texts.
  • Did you catch that? Robot's speed of light communication could protect you from danger April 11, 2017 2:47 pm
    If you were monitoring a security camera and saw someone set down a backpack and walk away, you might pay special attention -- especially if you had been alerted to watch that particular person. According to researchers, this might be a job robots could do better than humans, by communicating at the speed of light and sharing images.
  • When industrial robots overheat: Continuous fitness check predicts potential machine faults April 4, 2017 4:44 pm
    It keeps a constant eye on the condition of the machine, it carries out diagnostic analyses and it notifies the operator when a part needs to be replaced. The research team has developed an early warning system for industrial assembly, handling and packaging processes. Intelligent sensors continuously collect a wide array of measurement data from inside plant machinery and compare the signal patterns against those for normal operating conditions. If the system detects a difference in the patterns that indicates a potential fault, it immediately notifies the equipment operator about what remedial measures should be taken. This helps engineers to plan maintenance more effectively and protects them from unpleasant surprises and unexpected production losses.
  • In the future, we will control our mobiles using gestures April 4, 2017 12:57 pm
    Being able to interact with mobile phones and other smart devices using gestures with our hands and fingers in three dimensions would make the digital world more like the real one. A new project will help develop this next-generation interface.
  • 'Doctor' robot could help solve sports-concussion dilemma in rural America April 4, 2017 1:56 am
    From bustling cities to tiny farming communities, the bright lights of the local stadium are common beacons to the Friday night ritual of high school football. But these stadiums are commonly far from doctors who could quickly diagnose and treat head injuries that have brought so much scrutiny to the sport. A first-of-its-kind study shows the technology exists to ease this dilemma: By using a remote-controlled robot, a neurologist sitting hundreds of miles from the field can evaluate athletes for concussion with the same accuracy as on-site physicians.
  • Electronic synapses that can learn: Towards an artificial brain? April 3, 2017 6:02 pm
    Researchers have created an artificial synapse capable of learning autonomously. They were also able to model the device, which is essential for developing more complex circuits.
  • Robot epigenetics: Adding complexity to embodied robot evolution April 3, 2017 4:33 pm
    For the first time, researchers in the field of evolutionary robotics have used physically embodied robots to study epigenetic effects on robot evolution. The study confirms the great importance of taking epigenetic factors into account and provides a conceptual and physical methodology for this type of research.
  • Controlling soft robots using magnetic fields March 29, 2017 2:24 pm
    Engineering researchers have made a fundamental advance in controlling so-called soft robots, using magnetic fields to remotely manipulate microparticle chains embedded in soft robotic devices. The researchers have already created several devices that make use of the new technique.
  • System better allots network bandwidth, for faster page loads March 28, 2017 11:08 pm
    Researchers are presenting a new system for allocating bandwidth in data center networks. In tests, the system maintained the same overall data transmission rate -- or network 'throughput' -- as those currently in use, but it allocated bandwidth much more fairly, completing the download of all of a page's components up to four times as quickly.
  • Machines and the modern day labor market March 28, 2017 5:27 pm
    Technological advances, particularly in machines that can perform complex tasks, have begun to dramatically change jobs and labor markets.
  • Can artificial intelligence detect fake news? March 27, 2017 6:36 pm
    An artificial intelligence course has been launched that includes two projects focused on using AI to detect and combat fake news articles.
  • Can robots write meaningful news? March 27, 2017 12:34 pm
    Robots and computers are replacing people everywhere; doctors, pilots, even journalists. Is this leading to a dystopian society, or could it be something positive?
  • Connected dolls and tell-tale teddy bears: Why we need to manage the Internet of Toys March 23, 2017 2:59 pm
    Action is needed to monitor and control the emerging Internet of Toys, concludes a new report. Privacy and security are highlighted as main areas of concern.
  • Printable device points toward sensor-laden robot skin March 23, 2017 2:58 pm
    In this age of smartphones and tablet computers, touch-sensitive surfaces are everywhere. They're also brittle, as people with cracked phone screens everywhere can attest. Covering a robot -- or an airplane or a bridge -- with sensors will require a technology that is both flexible and cost-effective to manufacture in bulk. A team of researchers thinks that 3-D printing could be the answer.
  • Controlling turtle motion with human thought March 23, 2017 12:50 pm
    Researchers have developed a technology that can remotely control an animal's movement with human thought.
  • Quadruped robot exhibits spontaneous changes in step with speed March 22, 2017 1:24 pm
    A research group has demonstrated that by changing only its parameter related to speed, a quadruped robot can spontaneously change its steps.
  • People afraid of robots are much more likely to fear losing their jobs and suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, study finds March 21, 2017 4:50 pm
    “Technophobes” — people who fear robots, artificial intelligence and new technology that they don’t understand — are much more likely to be afraid of losing their jobs due to technology and to suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, a researcher says.
  • New brain-inspired cybersecurity system detects 'bad apples' 100 times faster March 21, 2017 4:25 pm
    The Neuromorphic Cyber Microscope can look for the complex patterns that indicate specific 'bad apples,' all while using less electricity than a standard 60-watt light bulb, due to its brain-inspired design.
  • People remain calm as the world ends, video game study suggests March 20, 2017 8:23 pm
    As the world ends, will you lock arms and sing 'Kumbayah' or embark on a path of law-breaking, anti-social behavior? A new study, based upon the virtual actions of more than 80,000 players of the role-playing video game ArcheAge, suggests you'll be singing. The study found that despite some violent acts, most players tended toward behavior that was helpful to others as their virtual world came to an end.
  • 'Tree-on-a-chip' passively pumps water for days March 20, 2017 6:38 pm
    Engineers have created a 'tree-on-a-chip' -- a microfluidic pump inspired by the way trees and plants circulate nutrients. The chip pumps water for days, at constant rates that could power small robots.
  • Using big data to analyze images, video better than the human brain March 20, 2017 1:04 pm
    Improving traffic safety, better health services and environmental benefits: Big Data experts see a wide range of possibilities for advanced image analysis and recognition technology.
  • New flexible sensor holds potential for foldable touch screens March 15, 2017 6:07 pm
    Picture a tablet that you can fold into the size of a phone and put away in your pocket, or an artificial skin that can sense your body's movements and vital signs. A new, inexpensive sensor could help make advanced devices like these a reality.
  • World’s first 'lip password' utilizes a user's lip motions to create password March 13, 2017 3:07 pm
    Scientists have invented a new technology entitled “lip motion password” (lip password) which utilizes a person’s lip motions to create a password.
  • Computer linguists are developing an intelligent system aid for air traffic controllers March 8, 2017 4:48 pm
    Human lives depend on their decisions, and psychological stress levels are high. An average radio contact takes 3.5 to 11.3 seconds, during which the air traffic controller checks in with the pilot, examines the radar screens and gives out new instructions. The current technical support systems typically lack the ability to understand and process these brief radio exchanges.
  • Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care March 8, 2017 4:48 pm
    Interventional radiologists are using technology found in self-driving cars to power a machine learning application that helps guide patients' interventional radiology care.
  • Robot uses social feedback to fetch objects intelligently March 6, 2017 8:17 pm
    By enabling them to ask a question when they're confused, an algorithm helps robots get better at fetching objects, an important task for future robot assistants.
  • Aging faces could increase security risks March 2, 2017 4:58 pm
    Biometrics experts set out to investigate what extent facial aging affects the performance of automatic facial recognition systems. They found that 99 percent of the face images can still be recognized up to six years later.
  • Shape-shifting molecular robots respond to DNA signals March 2, 2017 2:08 pm
    A molecular robot consisting of biomolecules, such as DNA and protein, has now been developed by a team of scientists.
  • Mathematician breaks down how to defend against quantum computing attacks February 28, 2017 11:53 pm
    Newly written code, called the Generalized Knapsack Code, could thwart hackers armed with next generation quantum computers.
  • New software allows for 'decoding digital brain data' February 24, 2017 6:39 pm
    New software allows for 'decoding digital brain data' to reveal how neural activity gives rise to learning, memory and other cognitive functions. The software can be used in real time during an fMRI brain scan.
  • Computer bots are more like humans than you might think, having fights lasting years February 23, 2017 7:21 pm
    Bots appear to behave differently in culturally distinct online environments. A new paper says the findings are a warning to those using artificial intelligence for building autonomous vehicles, cyber security systems or for managing social media.
  • Cameras can steal data from computer hard drive LED lights, study finds February 22, 2017 7:57 pm
    Researchers have found that once malware is on a computer, it can indirectly control a hard-drive (HDD) activity LED, turning it on and off rapidly (thousands of flickers per second) -- a rate that exceeds the human visual perception capabilities. As a result, highly sensitive information can be encoded and leaked over the fast LED signals, which are received and recorded by remote cameras or light sensors.
  • Artificial synapse for neural networks February 21, 2017 7:20 pm
    A new organic artificial synapse could support computers that better recreate the way the human brain processes information. It could also lead to improvements in brain-machine technologies.