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Innovation Creativity, Process
Science Research, Discovery
Technology Invention, Intellectual Property
Commerce Entrepreneurship, Product


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Portal to Discovery, Inventions (ScienceWiz)


invent : (1) to devise by thinking : fabricate (2) to produce (as something useful) for the first time through the use of the imagination or of ingenious thinking and experiment — Webster

Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary

invention : (1) a product of the imagination (2) a device, contrivance, or process originated after study and experiment — Webster

Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product or a new process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result may be a radical breakthrough. Such works are novel and not obvious to others skilled in the same field. An inventor may be taking a big step in success or failure.

Some inventions can be patented. A patent legally protects the intellectual property rights of the inventor and legally recognizes that a claimed invention is actually an invention. The rules and requirements for patenting an invention vary from country to country and the process of obtaining a patent is often expensive. — Wikipedia

Britannica, Columbia (Infoplease)


DMOZ Open Directory Project (AOL)


WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo



National Inventors Hall of Fame
Inventing Modern America, Notable inventors of the 20th century (MIT)


Quotations Page Bartlett’s


The Lemelson Center for the study of invention and innovation (Smithsonian National Museum of American History)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Invention & Technology Web Sites (ProTeacher)
Inventors & Inventions (Teacher Oz)


OER Commons: Open Educational Resources
Open Education Consortium



Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation (Smithsonian National Museum of American History)


Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal)











10 Accidental Inventions (Science Channel)
Invention at Play (Smithsonian)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation - Blog Welcome to our blog, where you will find our latest musings on how invention and innovation—past, present, and future—influence our lives.

  • Communicating with Sketches
    by Alison Oswald on December 14, 2017 at 12:49 pm

    Pencil drawing of a fountain pen with an ink bladder by Solomon Adler, April 1940, Solomon Adler Papers (AC1157-0000021). Courtesy of Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution Sketching has long been an effective tool to help imagine, think about, define, refine and realize ideas. Inventors, in particular, often depend on this resource to explore concepts, brainstorm, test approaches, clarify ideas, and explain their creative method. Artistic skill […]

  • Blue Fur, Aluminum, 3D-Printed Parts, and Some...
    by Tim Pula on December 7, 2017 at 3:44 pm

    How do you allow hundreds of museum visitors to create their own Muppet-like creatures? Better yet, how do you do that without glue—and in such a way that they can be taken apart and remade by someone else? That is something we are currently experimenting with in Spark!Lab. One of our new activities for our theme "Play" is "Create a Lifelike Character." While approaching how to make the activity workable, we narrowed in on a few key components that should make the activity possible. […]

  • Kudos to Our Alumni Fellows
    by Eric S. Hintz on November 30, 2017 at 10:50 am

    Serving as coordinator for the Lemelson Center’s fellowship programs is one of the most rewarding aspects of my job. Over the last month or so, I’ve had the opportunity to catch up with a few of our recent alumni fellows and learn about their impressive accomplishments.   New Books Three of our recent alumni fellows have published new books in 2017, based in part on research conducted as Lemelson Center Fellows: Dr. Rayvon Fouché and his new […]

  • What Does Happiness Look Like in Spark!Lab?
    by Joyce Bedi on November 22, 2017 at 10:40 am

    I have seen hundreds of thousands of people come into Draper Spark!Lab since the summer of 2015. Although some visitors to a given exhibit will leave dissatisfied (that’s just the nature of a museum environment), time and again it becomes abundantly clear people love our invention lab. What’s so great about Spark!Lab? Why is it so common for visitors to tell me on their way out, “This is a great place you’ve got here”? What explanation could you possibly give […]

  • O Canada! Inventors from Across the Border
    by Monica M. Smith on November 10, 2017 at 12:09 pm

    One hundred fifty years ago, our neighbors to the north decided democratically to join together, or “confederate,” to become one nation, the Dominion of Canada. The British North America Act, enacted on 1 July 1867, officially brought together a loosely related group of provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and what we now call Ontario and Quebec. Over time, six additional provinces and three territories joined the confederation; most recently Nunavut in 1999. However, […]