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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Computers and the Internet Reference Resources (Library of Congress)
Internet Center (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Internet Portal (Wikipedia)


internet : an electronic communications network that connects computer networks and organizational computer facilities around the world — Webster

NetLingo: the Internet Language Dictionary
FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing
OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Glossary of Internet Terms (Matisse Enzer)
Glossary of Computer and Internet Terms (


Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (often called TCP/IP, although not all applications use TCP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email. Most traditional communications media including telephone, music, film, and television are reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). Newspaper, book and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds. The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


How Internet Infrastructure Works (HowStuffWorks)
The Journey Inside: A Fascinating Look Inside the World of Computers, The Internet (Intel Education)
Internet for Beginners (


Outline of the Internet (Wikipedia)





Where Wizards Stay Up Late (Katie Hafner)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Discovering the Internet: An Instructional Guide
Internet Guides and Tutorials (RefDesk)


Introduction to computer networking (Nick McKeown and Philip Levis, Stanford)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Internet Society


Internet Society, NPR Archives







For Dog Owners: Poo powered WiFi (Tech Land)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form


Song Lyrics



Internet Society Working for an Internet that is open, globally connected, and secure.

  • Pandemic Accelerates Loss of Internet Freedoms
    by Grant Gross on October 27, 2020 at 1:31 pm

    The COVID-19 pandemic has not only caused more than one million deaths worldwide, but it is also accelerating a decline in Internet freedoms across the globe, according to a new report from Freedom House. The past year has been “especially dismal” for Internet Freedom, according to the Freedom on the Net 2020 report, sponsored by The post Pandemic Accelerates Loss of Internet Freedoms appeared first on Internet Society.

  • The Week in Internet News: U.S. Files Antitrust...
    by Grant Gross on October 26, 2020 at 1:56 pm

    Searching for a monopoly: The U.S. Department of Justice has filed an antitrust lawsuit against Google, accusing the tech giant of illegal monopolies in search and search advertising, CNet reports. The DOJ has accused Google of acting as an Internet “gatekeeper.” Google disputed the allegations, saying people use its services because they choose to, not The post The Week in Internet News: U.S. Files Antitrust Case Against Google appeared first on Internet Society.

  • Kolkata IX: The Maiden Community Internet...
    by Anupam Agrawal on October 22, 2020 at 2:18 pm

    In 2015, the Internet Society Kolkata Chapter decided to create an Internet Exchange Point (IXP). It had just completed the installation of L-Root Instance, a critical Internet infrastructure to improve security and resiliency of the Web. It chose the IXP model specifically because it was working towards hosting an authoritative Domain Name System (DNS) root The post Kolkata IX: The Maiden Community Internet Exchange in India appeared first on Internet Society.

  • The Week in Internet News: Seven Countries Repeat...
    by Grant Gross on October 19, 2020 at 3:24 pm

    Here we go again: Seven countries, including the U.S., U.K., Japan, and India, are again pushing tech companies to provide encryption backdoors for law enforcement, The Verge reports. The new international statement says encryption poses “significant challenges to public safety.” The U.S. and allies have long pushed for backdoors, even as security advocates have warned The post The Week in Internet News: Seven Countries Repeat Calls for Encryption Backdoors appeared first on Internet […]

  • In Africa, Strengthening Digital Infrastructure...
    by Israel Nyoh on October 16, 2020 at 6:34 pm

    When COVID-19 struck Africa, governments imposed temporary or full shutdowns of education systems to contain its spread. At least 53 out of the 54 African countries took measures that canceled or partially closed schools. Kenya, for example, canceled the 2020 academic year in March, before changing its directives six months later to allow schools to The post In Africa, Strengthening Digital Infrastructure for a Safe Return to Schools appeared first on Internet Society.