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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Computers and the Internet Reference Resources (Library of Congress)
Internet Center (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Internet Portal (Wikipedia)


internet : an electronic communications network that connects computer networks and organizational computer facilities around the world — Webster

NetLingo: the Internet Language Dictionary
FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing
OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Glossary of Internet Terms (Matisse Enzer)
Glossary of Computer and Internet Terms (


Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (often called TCP/IP, although not all applications use TCP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email. Most traditional communications media including telephone, music, film, and television are reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). Newspaper, book and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds. The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


How Internet Infrastructure Works (HowStuffWorks)
The Journey Inside: A Fascinating Look Inside the World of Computers, The Internet (Intel Education)
Internet for Beginners (


Outline of the Internet (Wikipedia)





Where Wizards Stay Up Late (Katie Hafner)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Discovering the Internet: An Instructional Guide
Internet Guides and Tutorials (RefDesk)


Introduction to computer networking (Nick McKeown and Philip Levis, Stanford)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Internet Society


Internet Society, NPR Archives







For Dog Owners: Poo powered WiFi (Tech Land)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form


Song Lyrics



Internet Society Working for an Internet that is open, globally connected, and secure.

  • On this 8th World IPv6 Launchiversary, Help Us...
    by Dan York on June 6, 2020 at 6:06 am

    Eight years ago, on June 6, 2012, thousands of companies and organizations came together as part of World IPv6 Launch to permanently enable IPv6 for their websites and networks. Today, we can see the success! If you visit the World IPv6 Launch measurements site, you can see some amazing numbers: Reliance Jio’s network in India The post On this 8th World IPv6 Launchiversary, Help Us Get More Websites Available Over IPv6 appeared first on Internet Society.

  • Making Intermediaries Liable for Encrypted...
    by Christine Runnegar on June 4, 2020 at 7:20 pm

    In December 2018, the Indian Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) proposed a significant change to its intermediary rules. The draft Information Technology  [Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018 seeks to tie tech platforms’ (e.g., social media) protections from liability to an obligation to monitor and filter their users’ content. One of the proposed obligations The post Making Intermediaries Liable for Encrypted Content Breaks Trust and […]

  • COVID-19 Response Must Include Massive Funding...
    by Katie Jordan on June 2, 2020 at 6:13 pm

    By now, many of us are realizing we’ve been taking access to basic things for granted, such as social interaction, health care, on-site education, and…the Internet. While always valuable, the Internet is now a lifeline offering a fortunate few the ability to adapt and maintain a semblance of reality and connection to our employment, health The post COVID-19 Response Must Include Massive Funding for Fiber-Optic Internet Access appeared first on Internet Society.

  • In a Time of Crisis, A Global Lockdown Needs a...
    by Ivo A. Ivanov on June 2, 2020 at 8:20 am

    We welcome this guest post from DE-CIX Group, an Organization Member of the Internet Society. We are at a very special moment in history right now. Never before in modern times have we seen such a global impact and a global response to a crisis which largely ignores geopolitical borders. The COVID-19 outbreak and its repercussions have The post In a Time of Crisis, A Global Lockdown Needs a Digital Unlocking appeared first on Internet Society.

  • Playing Politics with Section 230 Makes the...
    by Konstantinos Komaitis on May 29, 2020 at 11:56 pm

    This opinion piece was originally published in The Hill. Thursday the president of the United States signed an executive order that aims to address the liability regime of social media companies. A wide variety of reports have highlighted the problems with this move, but there is one problem that we find especially troubling: the danger of politicizing what The post Playing Politics with Section 230 Makes the Internet Weaker, Not Stronger appeared first on Internet Society.