Object

Cosma / Communication / Media / Object

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Introduction1

Dictionary

object : something material that may be perceived by the senses — Webster   See also OneLook

3D : a three-dimensional form also : an image or a picture produced in it — Webster   See also OneLook

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Object is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be more or less constrained by an identifiable boundary, to move together by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space. Examples of models of physical bodies include, but are not limited to a particle, several interacting smaller bodies (particles or other), and continuous media. — Wikipedia

Physical object or physical body (or simply an object or body) is a collection of matter within a defined contiguous boundary in three-dimensional space. The boundary must be defined and identified by the properties of the material. The boundary may change over time. The boundary is usually the visible or tangible surface of the object. — Wikipedia

3D computer graphics, or three-dimensional computer graphics, are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. The resulting images may be stored for viewing later (possibly as an animation) or displayed in real time. — Wikipedia

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Innovation

Technology

Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computers to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. CAD software for mechanical design uses either vector-based graphics to depict the objects of traditional drafting, or may also produce raster graphics showing the overall appearance of designed objects. However, it involves more than just shapes. As in the manual drafting of technical and engineering drawings, the output of CAD must convey information, such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions. CAD may be used to design curves and figures in two-dimensional (2D) space; or curves, surfaces, and solids in three-dimensional (3D) space. CAD output is often in the form of electronic files for print, machining, or other manufacturing operations. — Wikipedia

SketchUp (Official Site)
SketchUp (Wikipedia)

Fusion 360 (Autodesk)
Autodesk (Wikipedia)

Comparison of computer-aided design software
Computer Aided Design and Drafting Section:CAD and CADD (WWW Virtual Library)

3D modeling is the process of developing a mathematical coordinate-based representation of any surface of an object in three dimensions via specialized software by manipulating edges, vertices, and polygons in a simulated 3D space. Three-dimensional (3D) models represent a physical body using a collection of points in 3D space, connected by various geometric entities such as triangles, lines, curved surfaces, etc. Being a collection of data (points and other information), 3D models can be created manually, algorithmically (procedural modeling), or by scanning. — Wikipedia

CG 101: A Computer Graphics Industry Reference (Terrence Masson)

Blender is a free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D-printed models, motion graphics, interactive 3D applications, virtual reality, and, formerly, video games. Blender’s features include 3D modelling, UV mapping, texturing, digital drawing, raster graphics editing, rigging and skinning, fluid and smoke simulation, particle simulation, soft body simulation, sculpting, animation, match moving, rendering, motion graphics, video editing, and compositing. — Wikipedia

Blender (YouTube Channel)
Blender (Official Site)

3D scanning is the process of analyzing a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. color). The collected data can then be used to construct digital 3D models. — Wikipedia

Meshroom (AliceVision, GitHub)
Meshroom Manual
Meshroom (Wikitia)

Reality Capture (Official Site)
Reality Capture (Wikipedia)

3D printing, or additive manufacturing, is the construction of a three-dimensional object from a CAD model or a digital 3D model. The term “3D printing” can refer to a variety of processes in which material is deposited, joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as plastics, liquids or powder grains being fused together), typically layer by layer. — Wikipedia

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Preservation

History

The History of Computer Graphics and Digital Art Project (ACM SIGGRAPH)

People Behind the pixels: History of Computer Graphics (Terrence Masson)
The Computer Graphics Book Of Knowledge (Terrence Masson)

Museum

The Utah Teapot (Computer History Museum)
Computers Make Movies (Computer History Museum)

The Computer Graphics Museum

Library

Library of Congress # T385 Computer graphics (UPenn Online Books)

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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Participation

Education

Computer Graphics Educational Materials Source (ACM SIGGRAPH Education Committee & Eurographics Education Board)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Course

Crash Course: Computer Science (YouTube Channel)

Community

Occupation

Special Effects Artists and Animators (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)

Organization

ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH)

News

ACM Transactions on Graphics
Science Daily
NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

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Expression

Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, simulators, computer animation and VFX in films, television programs, shorts, commercials, and videos. The term “CGI” is most commonly used to refer to the 3-D computer graphics used for creating characters, scenes and special effects in films and television, which is described as “CGI animation”. . — Wikipedia

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Related

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Media

Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other

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Notes

1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.