Cosma / Communication / Media / Text


Schoology (YouTube Playlist)

What is the Rich Text Editor? (Web Learn)
Best Open Source Rich Text Editors (Pankaj Sood, CodeBriefly)


text : (1) the main body of printed or written matter on a page (2) matter chiefly in the form of words or symbols that is treated as data for processing by computerized equipment (e.g. a text message) — Merriam-Webster   See also OneLook

Text (FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing)


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Text : is a loose term for data (e.g. file contents) that represent only characters of readable material but not its graphical representation nor other objects (floating-point numbers, images, etc.). It may also include a limited number of “whitespace” characters that affect simple arrangement of text, such as spaces, line breaks, or tabulation characters — Merriam-Webster

Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion through the inscription or recording of signs and symbols. In most languages, writing is a complement to speech or spoken language. Writing is not a language but a form of technology that developed as tools developed with human society. Within a language system, writing relies on many of the same structures as speech, such as vocabulary, grammar and semantics, with the added dependency of a system of signs or symbols. The result of writing is generally called text, and the recipient of text is called a reader. — Wikipedia

Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable and appealing when displayed. The arrangement of type involves selecting typefaces, point sizes, line lengths, line-spacing (leading), and letter-spacing (tracking), as well as adjusting the space between pairs of letters (kerning). — Wikipedia



Dan Boyarski (Carnegie Mellon University)

TEDXCMU 2014 (YouTube Channel)
TEDXCMU 2014 (Official Website)

Jesse Rosten (YouTube Channel)

Kinetic Typography: 43 Must-See Examples (Aaron Kitney, Creative Bloq)
9 Ridiculously Good Examples of Kinetic Typography (Kristin Hillery, InVision)

Kinetic Typography: An Introductory Guide (Design Shack)
Kinetic Typography (Wikipedia)



Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access.[1] Hypertext documents are interconnected by hyperlinks, which are typically activated by a mouse click, keypress set, or screen touch. Apart from text, the term “hypertext” is also sometimes used to describe tables, images, and other presentational content formats with integrated hyperlinks. Hypertext is one of the key underlying concepts of the World Wide Web,[2] where Web pages are often written in the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). As implemented on the Web, hypertext enables the easy-to-use publication of information over the Internet. — Wikipedia

Butterscotchcom (YouTube Channel)

Hypertext (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Hypertext (Wikipedia)
History of Hypertext (Wikipedia)
Timeline of Hypertext Technology

Symposium Celebrates Vannevar Bush Vision (MIT News)
The Brown/MIT Vannevar Bush Symposium (Memex and Beyond, Brown University)
The MIT/Brown Vannevar Bush Symposium (Doug Engelbart Institute)

ACM Hypertext and Social Media (HT)
ACM Hypertext Conference



Text Campaigns (Indiegogo)




Writing (World History Encyclopedia)


Museum of Obsolete Objects (YouTube Channel)


DDC: 302.2244 Written Communication (Library Thing)
Subject: Writing (Library Thing)

Subject: Writing (Open Library)

LCC: Z 40 Writing (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: Z 40 Writing (Library of Congress)
Subject: Writing (Library of Congress)

Subject: Writing (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Writing Courses (edX)


Text (JSTOR)




Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.


Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.