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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World

See also Data


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



database : a usually large collection of data organized especially for rapid search and retrieval (as by a computer) — Webster

FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Database is an organized collection of data, today typically in digital form. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies). — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Introduction to Databases (Philip Greenspun)





A Timeline of Database History (QuickBase)
Databases (The History of Computing Project)
The birth of the modern computer, RDBMS (History of Computers and Computing)
System R History and the Birth of SQL (History of Computers and Computing)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




Introduction to Databases (Jennifer Widom, Stanford University)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Database Trends and Applications
Database Journal
NPR Archives








OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form




Database Trends and Applications : All Articles RSS feeds from Database Trends and Applications .

  • Classiq secures a Total of $14.5 Million in...
    on January 27, 2021 at 2:30 pm

    Classiq, enabling the development of quantum algorithms and applications, announced it has secured $14.5 million in funding that will enable the company to accelerate the development of quantum computing software. The $10.5 million Series A financing round was led by Team8 and Wing Venture Capital, with additional participation from Entr?e Capital, OurCrowd, and IN Venture, the corporate venture arm of Sumitomo Corporation in Israel, and follows a $4 million seed financing round from Entr?e […]

  • Digital River Launches its Ecommerce Platform on...
    on January 27, 2021 at 2:30 pm

    Digital River, an experienced global ecommerce enabler for established and fast-growing brands, is releasing its Payments, Fraud, Tax and Compliance Management solution on the SAP App Center. Digital River's solution integrates with SAP Commerce Cloud, offering B2C and B2B brands the ability to grow globally at scale, knowing Digital River is handling the complexities of global commerce combined with the flexibility to meet shoppers' demands for a streamlined, localized experience, according to […]

  • Tools and Tech for DataOps Governance
    on January 27, 2021 at 2:30 pm

    At Data Summit Connect Fall 2020, Pariveda's Ryan Gross surveyed the current landscape of technology and tools for data quality, discovery, availability, security, and compliance.

  • Neo4j Aura Enterprise Provides a Cloud Database...
    on January 27, 2021 at 2:30 pm

    Neo4j, a provider of graph technology, is releasing Neo4j Aura Enterprise, a fully managed cloud database for organizations building high-performance graph applications. Aura Enterprise speeds time to value, enabling customers to get to production faster than the equivalent on-premises option, according to the vendor. Organizations can now focus entirely on building performant, graph-powered applications quickly, without worrying about infrastructure or maintenance.

  • ARMO Emerges From Stealth with Security Solution
    on January 27, 2021 at 2:30 pm

    ARMO, developers of a platform that inherently secures cloud-native workloads with in-memory protection coupled with built-in visibility and control, is emerging from stealth after securing $4.5 million in seed funding, from Pitango First. The company plans to use the funds to expand its go-to-market efforts and commercial offering of its technology.?

  • Is COUNT(rowid) Faster Than COUNT(*)?
    on May 18, 2020 at 8:01 am

    It is believed that count(*) expands to all columns and that count(rowid) is faster.  Read on to see why the opposite might be true.

  • How Many Databases Can You Name?
    on May 11, 2020 at 8:01 am

    There is a huge number of databases available. How many could you name? Create our list and then compare to our list of well over 100 databases!

  • How to Find the Estimation Cost for a Query
    on May 4, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Discover how to estimate the cost of a query. Read on to see an example of how to extract the Estimated Cost for execution plans stored in the procedure cache.  

  • Understanding Views in SQL
    on April 27, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Learn about the concept of views in SQL, and how they work. Read on to see clear examples of how to implement views.

  • Introduction to Azure SQL Database Instance Pools
    on April 20, 2020 at 8:01 am

    Learn about Azure SQL Database Instance Pools and how they they set to provide more flexibility and agility than other Platform-as-a Service SQL Server-based offerings in Azure.