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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World

See also Data


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



database : a usually large collection of data organized especially for rapid search and retrieval (as by a computer) — Webster

FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Database is an organized collection of data, today typically in digital form. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies). — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Introduction to Databases (Philip Greenspun)





A Timeline of Database History (QuickBase)
Databases (The History of Computing Project)
The birth of the modern computer, RDBMS (History of Computers and Computing)
System R History and the Birth of SQL (History of Computers and Computing)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




Introduction to Databases (Jennifer Widom, Stanford University)
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Database Trends and Applications
Database Journal
NPR Archives








OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form




Database Trends and Applications : All Articles RSS feeds from Database Trends and Applications .

  • Aqua Data Studio Version 20.5 Introduces New...
    on January 15, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    AquaFold, an Idera, Inc. company, that provides of cross-platform database productivity tools, has released Aqua Data Studio version 20.5 with enhanced functionality for both relational and NoSQL environments.

  • Splice Machine 3.0 Offers New and Improved SQL...
    on January 15, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    Splice Machine, provider of a scalable SQL database, is releasing Splice Machine 3.0, introducing disaster recovery capabilities, enhanced SQL coverage, and more.

  • AtScale Releases Adaptive Analytics 2020.1
    on January 15, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    AtScale, the intelligent data virtualization provider for advanced analytics, is launching its Adaptive Analytics 2020.1, providing a leap in multi-cloud and hybrid cloud analytics, data platform flexibility and more. Delivering on the promise of a single enterprise view of all analytics data, AtScale's enhanced autonomous data engineering alleviates the performance and scale challenges of traditional data federation, manual data engineering and reliance on query caches.

  • CentriLogic Acquires Cloud, ERP, and Data...
    on January 15, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    CentriLogic, a global managed IT transformation solutions provider headquartered in Toronto, has acquired Chicago-based ManageForce, a cloud, ERP, and data solutions provider focused on Oracle and Microsoft applications and databases. The combination of CentriLogic and ManageForce enables CentriLogic to significantly strengthen its application and database management service capabilities and accelerate its strategy of delivering full-stack solutions to global customers

  • Oracle Enterprise Manager Updates Help Customers...
    on January 15, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    Oracle is making enhancements to its enterprise management platform in order to help customers easily move Oracle Databases to the cloud and simplify management of hybrid cloud environments. The new release adds functionality that automates database migration and provides a single dashboard that improves visibility, control, and management for hybrid IT environments.

  • Using Oracle EXPAND_SQL_TEXT
    on January 13, 2020 at 8:01 pm

    Database tables are not static entities and sometimes changes can wreak havoc on packages and procedures.  Read on to see how Oracle's expand_sql_text can help solve such issues.

  • Suspending and Resuming Transparent Data...
    on January 8, 2020 at 9:01 am

    Running Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) in the SQL Server database engine asynchronously might take a while to encrypt the entire database. Read on to learn how to suspend and resume TDE to keep your system performant.

  • Creating a Data-centric Mobile App
    on January 3, 2020 at 9:01 am

    See step-by-step how to create a data-centric mobile app using common tools including SQLite and C#. To learn about these tools and how to create a simple mobile app, read on!

  • Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
    on December 30, 2019 at 9:01 am

    Azure SQL Database allows for stateful services in the cloud.  Read on to learn about the characteristics and use cases of the Azure SQL Database serverless tier.

  • Monitoring Table Change in Oracle
    on December 23, 2019 at 9:01 am

    Learn of possible scenarios to monitor changes when replicating Oracle. Read on to discover the best course of action for moving forward!