Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life / Plant / Flower


CincyNature (Cincinnati Nature Center, YouTube Channel)
CincyNature (Cincinnati Nature Center, Official Website)


flower : : the specialized part of an angiospermous plant that occurs singly or in clusters, possesses whorls of often colorful petals or sepals, and bears the reproductive structures (such as stamens or pistils) involved in the development of seeds and fruit : blossom — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. — Wikipedia

Flower (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Flowering plant are plants that bear flowers and fruits, and form the clade Angiospermae, commonly called angiosperms. The term “angiosperm” is derived from the Greek words angeion (‘container, vessel’) and sperma (‘seed’), and refers to those plants that produce their seeds enclosed within a fruit. They are by far the most diverse group of land plants with 64 orders, 416 families, approximately 13,000 known genera and 300,000 known species. Angiosperms were formerly called Magnoliophyta. Like gymnosperms, angiosperms are seed-producing plants. They are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers, endosperm within their seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. — Wikipedia

Angiosperm (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Angiosperm (Biology Online)

Flowering Plants (Tree of Life)
Flowering Plants (One Zoom)
Angiosperm (WolframAlpha)




Flowers (World History Encyclopedia)


DDC: 582.13 Flowering Plants (Library Thing)
Subject: Angiosperms (Library Thing)

Subject: Angiosperms (Open Library)
Subject: Flowers (Open Library)

LCC: QK 495 Angiosperms (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Angiosperms (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Flowers (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QK 495 Angiosperms (Library of Congress)
Subject: Angiosperms(Library of Congress)
Subject: Flowers (Library of Congress)

Subject: Angiosperms (WorldCat)
Subject: Flowers (WorldCat)




Flowering Plants & Their Pollinators (Learn Genetics, University of Utah)
Angiosperms (Biology4Kids)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



CareerOneStop, YouTube Channel (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)
CareerOneStop, Official Website (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)

Floral Designers (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)
Floral Designers (Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)


American Institute of Floral Designers
Society of American Florists


Angiosperm (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Angiosperm (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Angiosperm (Science Daily)
Angiosperm (Science News)
Angiosperm (Phys.org)
Flowers (NPR Archives)

Flowers (JSTOR)
Angiosperm (JSTOR)



Flower (USA.gov)



Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.