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Chronology (Clock, Calendar)
Geography (Map, Navigation )


  • Maya Megalopolis (2/8/2018) - You may remember learning about the Maya in school, and you may have heard of Chichén Itzá (UNESCO) because it is often included on recent lists of “World Wonders” (as well as being a convenient day drive from Cancún). Here’s a 360° Video that will give you a sense of what it’s like to see … Continue reading Maya Megalopolis
  • Old Maps, New Ways (3/27/2017) - Here is an interesting story about a “3D virtual tour” of the Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library. Boston Public Library map center adds virtual tour (Steve Annear, Boston Globe) Since the Leventhal Map Center isn’t widely known to the general public, here are a couple of videos about it. The “3D tour” … Continue reading Old Maps, New Ways
  • Ring o’ Fire, South (8/15/2017) - Song titles and colloquial terminology aside, you probably have an idea of what scientists mean when they talk about the “Ring of Fire” (National Geographic, Wikipedia). However, even if you do, a bit of review will be useful for this post. Here’s an imaginative 360° Video that provides a top-level introduction. Here’s a more mundane, … Continue reading Ring o’ Fire, South
  • See animals and … (6/6/2019) - Note: There was helpful feedback on this post, and it’s been edited to reflect some new information. Did you know that you can probably conjure a life-sized virtual animal to where you are right now with just a simple Google search? What’s more, that’s just a glimpse of what you’ll be able to do in … Continue reading See animals and …
  • The Maya Underworld (8/8/2019) - Chichén Itzá is a fascinating place, and believe it or not, it’s just gotten even more so! But let’s start from the beginning. In case you aren’t familiar with it, here’s a quick 360° video from the The New York Times that will give you a sense of why it is considered a World Wonder. … Continue reading The Maya Underworld
  • Umbraphiles (8/20/2017) - umbraphile : One who loves eclipses, often travelling to see them. — Wiktionary Yes, this is that obligatory post about “The Solar Eclipse” (NASA, Wikipedia). Of course, there had to be one — eclipses really are just too cool to ignore. You’ve already been bombarded with explanations of the science and history of eclipses, but … Continue reading Umbraphiles
  • Virtual Earth (12/4/2016) - Google has just expanded their pantheon of tools to see the World. This time they have created a tool that allows you to browse the Earth in an interactive 360° format. This is designed to work with HTC’s Vive VR Headset, but you can get a fun sense of the experience with this 360° YouTube … Continue reading Virtual Earth
  • Yellowstone, Beauty & Beast (4/30/2018) - If you have been Yellowstone National Park, then you know it is a vast, beautiful place with some fairly odd geologic features that smell bad, like rotten eggs. If you’ve never been there, then you might just have a fairly apocalyptic view of it because of the supervolcano under it that has been featured in … Continue reading Yellowstone, Beauty & Beast


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…


Quick Links Google maps, Google Earth, Map Quest, OpenStreetMap, Map Builder


Map Resources (Cohen & Taliaferro)


map : a representation usually on a flat surface of the whole or a part of an area — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary


Thesaurus of Geographic Names (Getty)
U.S. Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
NGA GEOnet Names Server (GNS)
Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Glossary of Cartographic Terms (Perry-Castañeda Library, U. of Texas)


Map is a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, and themes.Many maps are static two-dimensional, geometrically accurate (or approximately accurate) representations of three-dimensional space, while others are dynamic or interactive, even three-dimensional. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or imagined, without regard to context or scale; e.g. brain mapping, DNA mapping and extraterrestrial mapping.

Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word “map” comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and //mundi// the world. Thus, “map” became the shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world. — Wikipedia

David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica



David Rumsey’s Map Collection (Stanford Libraries)

David Rumsey Map Center at Stanford Libraries

David Rumsey’s Map Collection

David Rumsey Maps (SecondLife Destination Guide)

Leventhal Map Center (Boston Public Library)

The “3D tour” of the map center described in the Boston Globe is an engaging application that uses Matterport to create an immersive 360 experience.
Click the image below to see a Matterport 3D tour of the Regions and Seasons: Mapping Climate through History Exhibition at the (The Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library)

Boston Public Library map center adds virtual tour (Steve Annear, Boston Globe)

Other Resources about Historical Maps and Atlases

History and Geography of Europe and the World: Historical Atlas of Europe AD 1 to 1600 (Euratlas)
Online historical atlas showing the states of Europe and Mediterranean basin at the end of each century from AD 1 to AD 2000. In English and French.
History of Mapping (Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping)
Map History & History of Cartography (WWW Virtual Library)
International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association (IAMA)
The Mapmaker’s Craft: A History of Cartography at CIA (US Central Intelligence Agency)


Quotations Page


Map Museums and Libraries (Cohen & Taliaferro)
CartoTalk Cartography Museum


Cartographic and Architectural Records (US National Archives)


Cartographic Resources (Libary of Congress, Geography and Map Reading Room)
Library of Congress Online Map Collections
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (University of Texas)
WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library




OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Surveying and mapping technicians (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)


International Cartographic Association (ICA)
International Map Collectors’ Society (IMCoS)
International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association (IAMA)
Associations and Societies (Cohen & Taliaferro)


Conferences, meetings and lectures (WWW Virtual Library)
Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal)




The Map Room: A weblog about maps (Jonathan Crowe), WordPress


Western Association of Map Libraries Information Bulletin
Western Association of Map Libraries Publications




EarthExplorer (USGS)
Geostationary Satellite Server (NOAA)
Global Maps (NASA)


US Maps & Statistics (





OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



Comments on: WAML Information Bulletin advancing geospatial excellence in libraries of western North America and beyond

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