Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Geography / Map


TeacherIngram (Paul Ingram, YouTube Channel)


map : a representation usually on a flat surface of the whole or a part of an area — Merriam-Webster   See also OneLook


Thesaurus of Geographic Names (Getty)
U.S. Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
NGA GEOnet Names Server (GNS)

Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Glossary of Cartographic Terms (Perry-Castañeda Library, U. of Texas)


Map is a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, and themes.Many maps are static two-dimensional, geometrically accurate (or approximately accurate) representations of three-dimensional space, while others are dynamic or interactive, even three-dimensional. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or imagined, without regard to context or scale; e.g. brain mapping, DNA mapping and extraterrestrial mapping.

Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word “map” comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and //mundi// the world. Thus, “map” became the shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world. — Wikipedia

Map (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere. Globes serve purposes similar to maps, but unlike maps, they do not distort the surface that they portray except to scale it down. A model globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe. A model globe of the celestial sphere is called a celestial globe.
A globe shows details of its subject. A terrestrial globe shows landmasses and water bodies. It might show nations and major cities and the network of latitude and longitude lines. Some have raised relief to show mountains and other large landforms. A celestial globe shows notable stars, and may also show positions of other prominent astronomical objects. Typically, it will also divide the celestial sphere into constellations. — Wikipedia


Maps on the Web (Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas-Austin)
Geography & Maps: An Illustrated Guide (US Library of Congress)
Reference Web Resources (Geography and Map Reading Room, US Library of Congress)



Your World Map is Hiding Something (Metrocosm)
Interact with Projections (Metrocosm)
Mercator tool (The True Size)
Map Transitions (Mike Bostock)
Mercator Puzzle Redux (Geography Education)

Dymaxion Map (The Buckminster Fuller Institute)
The Peters Projection Map (Oxford Cartographers)
The World Map Produced in Korea in 1402 and Its Possible Sources from the Islamic World (Hyunhee Park, Journal of Asian History)
Amerigo Vespucci (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Mapping disease: John Snow and Cholera (Fahema Begum, Royal College of Surgeons of England)
John Snow’s London, 1859 (Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA)
John Snow (Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA)
International Map of the World (Wikipedia)
Earth Platinum Limited Edition (millennium House)

Alternate World Maps (Peter Moor)
Upsidedown Map Page (Francis Irving)
Atlas of Places

Talks about Maps (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)
Articles about Maps (Big Think)



Cartography is the study and practice of making and using maps. Combining science, aesthetics and technique, cartography builds on the premise that reality (or an imagined reality) can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively. — Wikipedia


Geographic Information Systems (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center)

The Best Map Makers For 2023 (Steve Benjamins)



Map Campaigns (Indiegogo)


Map Gifts (Zazzle)
Maps (Etsy)




KnowledgeHusk (YouTube Channel)

Map History & History of Cartography (Tony Campbell, WWW Virtual Library)
Historical Map Web Sites (Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas)
The History of Cartography Project (Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin)
Mapping History Project (University of Oregon)
History Link 101 Map Page (History Source)
Old Maps Online

The International Society for the History of the Map
International Map Collectors’ Society
Map Forum

Maps (World History Encyclopedia)


Cartographic and Architectural Records (US National Archives)
Cartography (The U.S. National Archives)
Maps (The U.S. National Archives)


DDC: 526 Cartography (Library Thing)
Subject: Cartography (Library Thing)

DDC: 912 Maps (Library Thing)
Subject: Maps (Library Thing)

Subject: Cartography (Open Library)
Subject: Maps (Open Library)

LCC: GA 101 Cartography (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Cartography (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: GA 101 Cartography (Library of Congress)
Subject: Cartography (Library of Congress)

Subject: Cartography (WorldCat)
Subject: Maps (WorldCat)




The World of Maps (International Cartographic Association)
Classroom Resources: Maps (National Geographic)
Mercator Puzzle Redux (Seth Dixon, Geography Education)
Cartography and Mapping Skills for Transportation (Carly Hallman)

What is a Map? (Crash Course Geography, YouTube Video)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Cartography Courses (edX)



CareerOneStop, YouTube Channel (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)
CareerOneStop, Official Website (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)

Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)


International Cartographic Association
North American Cartographic Information Society
Cartography and Geographic Information Society
British Cartographic Society
Society of Cartographers

The International Society for the History of the Map
International Map Collectors’ Society


Map Forum
The Map Room
Exciting Cartography
Cartography (WordPress)


International Journal of Cartography (International Cartographic Association)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science (Cartography and Geographic Information Society)
The Cartographic Journal (British Cartographic Society)

Cartography (JSTOR)
Maps (JSTOR)


Atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a bundle of maps of Earth or of a region of Earth. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats. In addition to presenting geographic features and political boundaries, many atlases often feature geopolitical, social, religious and economic statistics. They also have information about the map and places in it. — Wikipedia

Geography & Maps: An Illustrated Guide: Atlases (US Library of Congress)
Atlapedia Online (Latimer Clarke Corporation)

Oxford Atlas of the World (Oxford University Press)
Compact Atlas of the World Book, Second Edition (National Geographic)
Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (Collins)
Goode’s World Atlas (Pearson)

Cartography (ISBNdb)


Geospatial Information Section (United Nations)

Maps and Mapping (United States Geological Survey)
EarthExplorer (United States Geological Survey)

Geostationary Satellite Server (NOAA)
Global Maps (NASA)


US Maps & Statistics (



I wanna hang a map of the world in my house. Then I’m gonna put pins into all the locations that I’ve traveled to. But first, I’m gonna have to travel to the top two corners of the map so it won’t fall down. — Mitch Hedberg


Maps (Tim Hunkin, The Rudiments of Wisdom Encyclopedia)


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form




Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Geography Navigation, Map
Chronology Calendar, Clock

Realms Cosmological, Physical, Terrestrial, Anthropological, Mystical

See also Zoom



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.