# Spotlight

# Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for *Cosma*. More…

## General

### Portal

*Dictionary*

mathematics: the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations —Webster

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson), OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

*Thesaurus*

General words relating to mathematics and geometry (MacMillan Dictionary), Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

*Glossary*

Glossary of Mathematical Terms (Story of Mathematics)

*Encyclopedia*

Mathematicsis the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry. Since the pioneering work of Giuseppe Peano, David Hilbert, and others on axiomatic systems in the late 19th century, it has become customary to view mathematical research as establishing truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. When those mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning often provides insight or predictions. Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid’s Elements. Mathematics continued to develop, for example in China in 300 BC, in India in AD 100, and in the Muslim world in AD 800, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that continues to the present day. —Wikipedia(Math Skills)

Encyclopedia of Mathematics, David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica

*Outline*

Outline of Mathematics (Wikipedia)

*Search*

*Philosophy*

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy of MathematicsPhilPapers, Philosophy of Mathematics

## Preservation

### History

See more “Story of Maths” on Youtube…

The Story of Mathematics

New IBM App Presents Nearly 1,000 Years of Math History (Alexandra Chang, Wired)

*Quotation*

### Museum

National Museum of Mathematics (YouTube Channel)

### Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

## Participation

### Education

*Course*

MIT OCW Mathematics

Introduction to Mathematical Thinking (Coursea)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

### Community

*Organization*

Mathematical Association of America

*News*

AAAS EurekAlertScientific American

*Book*

### Government

*Document*

## Expression

### Fun

*Poem*

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

### More…

## EurekAlert! - Mathematics and Statistics The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

- NSF awards Lehigh University $5.3M to renew NHERI...on January 26, 2021 at 5:00 am
(Lehigh University) The National Science Foundation has awarded Lehigh University a $5.3 million grant renewing the Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI) Experimental Facility for another five years. The facility, which was founded in 2016 to help meet the grand challenge of community resilience to natural hazards, operates within Lehigh's Advanced Technology for Large Structural Systems (ATLSS) Engineering Research Center within the Institute for Cyber Physical […]

- Domino effects and synchrony in seizure initiationon January 25, 2021 at 5:00 am
(Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics) In a brain with a neurological disorder like epilepsy, synchronization between groups of neurons can grow to a dangerous extent when a collection of brain cells begins to emit excess electricity. Researchers used a mathematical model to explore the interplay between neurons that leads to these transitions in synchronization during the onset of seizures.

- When galaxies collideon January 25, 2021 at 5:00 am
(University of Tokyo) It was previously thought that collisions between galaxies would necessarily add to the activity of the massive black holes at their centers. However, researchers have performed the most accurate simulations of a range of collision scenarios and have found that some collisions can reduce the activity of their central black holes. The reason is that certain head-on collisions may in fact clear the galactic nuclei of the matter which would otherwise fuel the black holes […]

- COVID-19 warnings were on Twitter well before the...on January 25, 2021 at 5:00 am
(IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca) A new study of researchers at IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, published in Scientific Reports, has identified tracks of increasing concern about pneumonia cases on posts published on Twitter in seven countries, between the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020. The analysis of the posts shows that the "whistleblowing" came precisely from the geographical regions where the primary outbreaks later developed.

- Opertech Bio's pioneering approach to taste...on January 25, 2021 at 5:00 am
(Opertech Bio Inc) Opertech Bio, Inc., today announced the publication of a seminal research article describing the application of its pioneering TāStation® technology to the pharmacological characterization of human taste discrimination. The findings are published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, JPET.

## Scientific American - Math Science news and technology updates from Scientific American

- The Timeless Journey of the Möbius Stripby Serena Alagappan on January 16, 2021 at 5:00 pm
After the disaster of 2020, let’s hope we’re not on a figurative one -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Is the Schrödinger Equation True?by John Horgan on January 7, 2021 at 12:00 pm
Just because a mathematical formula works does not mean it reflects reality -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Doing the Touchy Math on Who Should Get a COVID...by Jill Neimark on November 20, 2020 at 1:00 pm
Mathematicians model pandemic scenarios by plugging thorny ethical and logistical issues into calculations -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Divide and Conquer Could Be Good COVID Strategyby W. Wayt Gibbs on November 13, 2020 at 3:11 am
COVID might be fought efficiently with fewer shutdowns by restricting activities only in a particular area with a population up to 200,000 when its case rate rises above a chosen threshold. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com