# Spotlight

# Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for *Cosma*. More…

## General

### Portal

*Dictionary*

mathematics: the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations —Webster

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson), OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

*Thesaurus*

General words relating to mathematics and geometry (MacMillan Dictionary), Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

*Glossary*

Glossary of Mathematical Terms (Story of Mathematics)

*Encyclopedia*

Mathematicsis the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry. Since the pioneering work of Giuseppe Peano, David Hilbert, and others on axiomatic systems in the late 19th century, it has become customary to view mathematical research as establishing truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. When those mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning often provides insight or predictions. Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid’s Elements. Mathematics continued to develop, for example in China in 300 BC, in India in AD 100, and in the Muslim world in AD 800, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that continues to the present day. —Wikipedia(Math Skills)

Encyclopedia of Mathematics, David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica

*Outline*

Outline of Mathematics (Wikipedia)

*Search*

*Philosophy*

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy of MathematicsPhilPapers, Philosophy of Mathematics

## Preservation

### History

See more “Story of Maths” on Youtube…

The Story of Mathematics

New IBM App Presents Nearly 1,000 Years of Math History (Alexandra Chang, Wired)

*Quotation*

### Museum

National Museum of Mathematics (YouTube Channel)

### Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

## Participation

### Education

*Course*

MIT OCW Mathematics

Introduction to Mathematical Thinking (Coursea)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

### Community

*Organization*

Mathematical Association of America

*News*

AAAS EurekAlertScientific American

*Book*

### Government

*Document*

## Expression

### Fun

*Poem*

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

### More…

## EurekAlert! - Mathematics and Statistics The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

- Historical bias overlooks genes related to...on November 24, 2020 at 5:00 am
(Northwestern University) A historical bias -- which has long dictated which human genes are studied -- is now affecting how biomedical researchers study COVID-19, causing many virus-related genes to go largely unexplored.

- Understanding dangerous droplet dynamicson November 23, 2020 at 5:00 am
(American Physical Society) New fluid dynamics research reveals why social distancing alone doesn't necessarily prevent infection indoors and how to detect COVID-19 super-spreaders.

- Six years in 120 pages: Researchers shed light on...on November 23, 2020 at 5:00 am
(University of Science and Technology of China) Researchers from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) proved two core conjectures in geometric analysis: Hamilton-Tian conjecture and the Partial C0-conjecture. It is a major breakthrough in geometric analysis, and it no doubt will lead many other related research projects.

- Non-invasive electrolyte levels' measuring method...on November 23, 2020 at 5:00 am
(Kaunas University of Technology) Researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania came up with the idea on how to measure fluctuating blood potassium levels non-invasively, through electrocardiogram. The researchers claim that their method may become a digital biomarker in the future for managing electrolyte levels. This would be a huge step towards preventing potentially life-threatening conditions among people who suffer from chronic kidney disease.

- COVID19 A research of Politecnico di Milano...on November 23, 2020 at 5:00 am
(Politecnico di Milano) Use of an algorithm for computing viral mutations homogeneously across sources, using cloud computing.

## Scientific American - Math Science news and technology updates from Scientific American

- Doing the Touchy Math on Who Should Get a COVID...by Jill Neimark on November 20, 2020 at 1:00 pm
Mathematicians model pandemic scenarios by plugging thorny ethical and logistical issues into calculations -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Divide and Conquer Could Be Good COVID Strategyby W. Wayt Gibbs on November 13, 2020 at 3:11 am
COVID might be fought efficiently with fewer shutdowns by restricting activities only in a particular area with a population up to 200,000 when its case rate rises above a chosen threshold. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Dissolving Candy Gives Mathematicians Insight...by Clara Moskowitz on October 16, 2020 at 5:00 pm
Researchers observed a sugary treat underwater to understand the origin of spiky rock forests -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Can an Algorithm Help Solve Political Paralysis?by Julia Hotz on September 30, 2020 at 6:30 pm
As faith in government hits historic lows, organizers in the U.K. are trying a new math-based approach to democracy. Would it work in the bitterly divided U.S? -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- For Math Fans: A Hitchhiker's Guide to the Number...by Jean-Paul Delahaye on September 21, 2020 at 10:45 am
Here is how a perfectly ordinary number captured the interest of sci-fi enthusiasts, geeks and mathematicians -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com