# Spotlight

# Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for *Cosma*. More…

## General

### Portal

*Dictionary*

mathematics: the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations —Webster

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson), OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

*Thesaurus*

General words relating to mathematics and geometry (MacMillan Dictionary), Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

*Glossary*

Glossary of Mathematical Terms (Story of Mathematics)

*Encyclopedia*

Mathematicsis the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry. Since the pioneering work of Giuseppe Peano, David Hilbert, and others on axiomatic systems in the late 19th century, it has become customary to view mathematical research as establishing truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. When those mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning often provides insight or predictions. Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid’s Elements. Mathematics continued to develop, for example in China in 300 BC, in India in AD 100, and in the Muslim world in AD 800, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that continues to the present day. —Wikipedia(Math Skills)

Encyclopedia of Mathematics, David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica

*Outline*

Outline of Mathematics (Wikipedia)

*Search*

*Philosophy*

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy of MathematicsPhilPapers, Philosophy of Mathematics

## Preservation

### History

See more “Story of Maths” on Youtube…

The Story of Mathematics

New IBM App Presents Nearly 1,000 Years of Math History (Alexandra Chang, Wired)

*Quotation*

### Museum

National Museum of Mathematics (YouTube Channel)

### Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

## Participation

### Education

*Course*

MIT OCW Mathematics

Introduction to Mathematical Thinking (Coursea)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

### Community

*Organization*

Mathematical Association of America

*News*

AAAS EurekAlertScientific American

*Book*

### Government

*Document*

## Expression

### Fun

*Poem*

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

### More…

## EurekAlert! - Mathematics and Statistics The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

- Artificial intelligence model predicts which key...on April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(University of Helsinki) With an artificial intelligence (AI) method developed by researchers at Aalto University and University of Helsinki, researchers can now link immune cells to their targets and for example uncouple which white blood cells recognize SARS-CoV-2. The developed tool has broad applications in understanding the function of immune system in infections, autoimmune disorders, and cancer.

- Artificial intelligence could create better...on April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(University of Leeds) A test which uses artificial intelligence (AI) to measure proteins present in some patients with advanced bowel cancer could hold the key to more targeted treatment, according to research published today.

- Pepper the robot talks to itself to improve its...on April 21, 2021 at 4:00 am
(Cell Press) Ever wondered why your virtual home assistant doesn't understand your questions? Or why your navigation app took you on the side street instead of the highway? In a study published April 21st in the journal iScience, Italian researchers designed a robot that "thinks out loud" so that users can hear its thought process and better understand the robot's motivations and decisions.

- Energy unleashed by submarine volcanoes could...on April 21, 2021 at 4:00 am
(University of Leeds) Volcanic eruptions deep in our oceans are capable of extremely powerful releases of energy, at a rate high enough to power the whole of the United States, according to research published today.

- Central African forests are unequally vulnerable...on April 21, 2021 at 4:00 am
(Institut de recherche pour le dÃ©veloppement) An international study coordinated by researchers from IRD and CIRAD reveals the composition of the tropical forests of Central Africa and their vulnerability to the increased pressure from climate change and human activity expected in the coming decades. Thanks to an exceptional dataset - an inventory of over 6 million trees across five countries - the researchers have produced the first continuous maps of the floristic and functional composition […]

## Scientific American - Math Science news and technology updates from Scientific American

- Math Can Help Build a Global Digital Communityby Cindy Lawrence on March 26, 2021 at 3:00 pm
During the pandemic, the National Museum of Mathematics found new ways to build human connections -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- The Mathematics of How Connections Become Globalby Kelsey Houston-Edwards on March 16, 2021 at 1:30 pm
Percolation theory illuminates the behavior of many kinds of networks, from cell-phone connections to disease transmission -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

- Quantum Mechanics, Free Will and the Game of Lifeby John Horgan on February 14, 2021 at 3:00 pm
Some thoughts triggered by the death of the mathematician John Conway -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com