Cosma / Communication / Wisdom

We don’t receive wisdom; we must discover it for ourselves after a journey that no one can take for us or spare us. — Marcel Proust, In Search of Lost Time Remembrance of Things Past, Vol II: Within a Budding Grove


Athena’s Office

Athena, in ancient Greek religion, was the goddess of handicraft, and wisdom. She was associated with birds (especially the owl). Her birth to Zeus and contest with Poseidon for suzerainty of Athens were depicted on the Parthenon. Her birthday festival was the Panathenaea. — Encyclopædia Britannica

Muse, In Greco-Roman religion and myth, any of a group of sister goddesses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory). A festival was held in their honour every four years near Mount Helicon, the centre of their cult in Greece. They probably began as the patron goddesses of poets, though later their range was extended to include all the liberal arts and sciences. — Encyclopædia Britannica

Begin your journey by exploring Athena’s Office to learn about her and her sisters!

Click the 360° image below to explore this Toy World, click the menu in the upper right for controls and click “i” buttons on/off for links to experiences. Use “portals” to visit other Toy Worlds.

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Athena's Office in SL



70 People Ages 5-75 Answer: Advice For Someone Younger? (Glamour)

5-75, 1 season, 74 episodes (Glamor)



wisdom : (a) ability to discern inner qualities and relationships (b) good sense [common sense] (c) accumulated philosophical or scientific learning — Webster

Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, OneLook


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Wisdom is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight. Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, compassion, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, and virtues such as ethics and benevolence. Wisdom has been defined in many different ways,including several distinct approaches to assess the characteristics attributed to wisdom. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica



To finish the moment, to find the journey’s end in every step of the road, to live the greatest number of good hours, is wisdom. — Ralph Waldo Emerson, Essays: Second Series, Experience

Wisdom from great writers on every year of life (Joshua Prager, TED)




Wisdom in Philosphy (Encyclopædia Britannica)
What is Wisdom? (Stephen Palmquist, The Tree of Philosophy)



Pearl of Wisdom Objectivity 34

The Royal Society
Gregor Reisch’s Works, Margarita Philosophica (Wikipedia)


Wisdom of History (J. Rufus Fears, The Great Courses)


The wisdom of the wise, and the experience of ages, may be preserved by quotation. — Benjamin Disraeli

Quotes About History (Wisdom & Historical Studies, Age of the Sage)
Quotations Page


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library


Wisdom (Judith Glück, Oxford Bibliographies)





Open Education Consortium


NPR Archives








Remembering Mr. Rogers 1994/1997 (Charlie Rose)

Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood
Mr. Roger’s Books (WorldCat)


Senility Prayer


The DIKW pyramid, also known variously as the DIKW hierarchy, wisdom hierarchy, knowledge hierarchy, information hierarchy, information pyramid, and the data pyramid, refers loosely to a class of models for representing purported structural and/or functional relationships between the communication content types of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom. — Wikipedia

Most writers about the hierarchy refer to this passage from T. S. Eliot’s The Rock.

Where is the Life we have lost in living?
Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information? — T. S. Eliot, The Rock

Russell Ackoff popularized the hierarchy to categorize the content of communication.
From data to wisdom (Russell L. Ackoff, Journal of Applies Systems Analysis)
On passing through 80 (Russell L. Ackoff, Systemic practice and action research)



These are links to pages about closely related subjects.

DIKW Content Hierarchy

Communication, Content, Data, Information and Knowledge



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.