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bear : any of a family of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair, rudimentary tails, and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit, plant matter, and insects as well as on flesh — Webster   See also   OneLook


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae. Bears are classified as caniforms, or doglike carnivorans. Although only eight species of bears are extant, they are widespread, appearing in a wide variety of habitats throughout the Northern Hemisphere and partially in the Southern Hemisphere. Bears are found on the continents of North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. Common characteristics of modern bears include large bodies with stocky legs, long snouts, small rounded ears, shaggy hair, plantigrade paws with five nonretractile claws, and short tails.– Wikipedia

Bear (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Bears of the World (International Association for Bear Research and Management)

Bears (One Zoom)
Bear (WolframAlpha)




Mammalogy is the study of mammals – a class of vertebrates with characteristics such as homeothermic metabolism, fur, four-chambered hearts, and complex nervous systems. Mammalogy has also been known as “mastology,” “theriology,” and “therology.” The major branches of mammalogy include natural history, taxonomy and systematics, anatomy and physiology, ethology, ecology, and management. — Wikipedia

Mammalogy (Encyclopædia Britannica)

The Science of Mammalogy (The American Society of Mammalogists)




DDC: 599.78 Bears (Library Thing)
Subject: Bears (Library Thing)

Subject: Bears (Open Library)

LCC: QL 737.C2M63 Bears (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Bears (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 737.C2M63 Bears (Library of Congress)
Subject: Bears (Library of Congress)

Subject: Bears (WorldCat)




Bears (Science Trek)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Careers in Mammalogy (American Society of Mammalogists)

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


International Association for Bear Research and Management

American Society of Mammalogists
The Mammal Society


International Bear News (International Association for Bear Research and Management)
Ursus (International Association for Bear Research and Management)

Journal of Mammalogy (American Society of Mammalogists)
Mammalian Species (American Society of Mammalogists)
Mammal Review (The Mammal Society)

Bears (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Bears (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Bears (Science Daily)
Bears (Science News)
Bears (
Bears (NPR Archives)



Bear (


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Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.