Augmented Reality

Cosma / Communication / Media / Simulation / Hardware / Extended Reality (XR) / Augmented Reality (AR)

Introduction1 (YouTube Channel)

What is Augmented Reality? (Jesse Emspak, Live Science)

What Are the Differences Among Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality? (Eric Johnson, Recode)


Augmented reality : an enhanced version of reality created by the use of technology to overlay digital information on an image of something being viewed through a device (as a smartphone camera); also : the technology used to create augmented reality — Merriam-Webster   See also OneLook


Augmented reality (AR)is a live, direct or indirect, view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. As a result, the technology functions by enhancing one’s current perception of reality. By contrast, virtual reality replaces the real world with a simulated one. Augmentation is conventionally in real-time and in semantic context with environmental elements, such as sports scores on TV during a match. With the help of advanced AR technology (e.g. adding computer vision and object recognition) the information about the surrounding real world of the user becomes interactive and digitally manipulable. Artificial information about the environment and its objects can be overlaid on the real world. — Wikipedia

Augmented Reality (Encyclopædia Britannica)



Talks about Augmented Reality (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)
Articles about Augmented Reality (Big Think)



AR Innovations (reddit)


Best Augmented-Reality Apps (Brandon Widder, Digital Trends)

Google ARCore, Apple ARKit, Hoverlay, Vuforia, Unity


10 Examples of Augmented Reality in Retail (Creative Guerrilla Marketing)




The MIT Roots of Google Glass, The Wearable Information Display (Scott Kirsner,
Steve Mann: My “Augmediated” Life: What I’ve Learned From 35 Years of Wearing Computerized Eyewear (Steve Mann, IEEE Spectrum)


Subject: Augmented Reality (Library Thing)

Subject: Augmented Reality (Open Library)

Subject: Augmented Reality (Library of Congress)

Subject: Augmented Reality (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Augmented Reality Courses (edX)


Augmented Reality (Venture Beat)

The New Yorker published an edition with a front and back cover illustrated by Christoph Niemann that is actually an “augmented reality” (AR) application.

Christoph Niemann’s “On the Go” (Françoise Mouly and Mina Kaneko, The New Yorker)

Augmented Reality (JSTOR)
Augmented Reality (NPR Archives)



Augmented Reality (




See also   Mixed Reality (MR), Virtual Reality (VR)

Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.


Function Communications Computation Storage Creation Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Type, Print Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Record Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS, SS) Database Application AI, VW

These are types of media formats.

Format Multimedia (Video, Animation) Image (Object) Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text) Haptic, “Other



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.

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