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Cosmological Cosmos, Being


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…




Discover the Cosmos Portal (European Commission’s Framework Programme 7)


cosmos : an orderly harmonious systematic universe — Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords
cosmological : a theory or doctrine describing the natural order of the universe — Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords
realm : (1) kingdom (2) sphere, domain — Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords
cosmological realm : the place, region, kingdom, domain, sphere or world holding the body of truth, information, and principles known about the orderly harmonious systematic universe — Cosma


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Cosmos “Cosmos” is a term used synonymously with “universe”. The kosmos of the ancient Greeks and Christian Middle Ages consisted of the Earth at the center of a series of concentric, revolving spheres to which the Moon, Sun, planets, and stars were fixed. In the scheme of Aristotle and Ptolemy, which prevailed until the Copernican Revolution, only one kosmos was allowed with nothing beyond. According to the school of atomism, however, there were many kosmoi, distinct and separate from our own, each with a world, possibly inhabited, at its heart. — David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science (Cosmology entries)

Britannica Wikipedia


Cosmos: A Personal Voyage through Time and Space (Carl Sagan)
The Undiscovered Country: The Future of the Cosmos (Andrew Zimmerman Jones and Daniel Robbins, String Theory For Dummies)


Innovations Report



Shop Amazon eBay Gift Zazzle



A Brief History of Cosmology (David Wands)


Cosmos and Culture (Science Museum, UK)


Internet Archive
Library of Congress Finding Aids


WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library
World Digital Library (UNESCO & Library of Congress)
Hathi Trust


Cosmology Bibliography (Edward L. Wright, UCLA)
Eric Weisstein’s World of Physics, Cosmology Entry




Open Education Consortium
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Quotations Page


Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal)


Cosmology News (Scientific American)
Atom & Cosmos News (Science News)
Cosmology News (Science Daily)
NPR Archives
Google News Google Scholar


ISBNdb Google Books



cosmology : (1) branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of the universe (2) branch of astronomy that deals with the origin, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe — Webster

Cosmology: The Study of the Universe (NASA)

sphere : (1) the apparent surface of the heavens of which half forms the dome of the visible sky (2) any of the concentric and eccentric revolving spherical transparent shells in which according to ancient astronomy stars, sun, planets, and moon are set (3) an area or range over or within which someone or something acts, exists, or has influence or significance — Webster

It is general knowledge that the notion of harmony comes from the ancient Greek word, harmonia. It was a key word of the Pythagoreanism and meant primarily the joining or fitting of things together. Originally it was connected to the concept of cosmos. The numerical explanation of the universe was a generalization from the discovery made by Pythagoras himself and revealed the numerical ratios which determine the concordant intervals of the scale. We find it clearly in Aristotle’s explanation of Pythagoras harmony of the spheres and also in Plato’s statements. — T. V. Hightower, The Harmony of the Spheres

Musica universalis, “universal music” or “music of the spheres” (Wikipedia)
Celestial spheres (Wikipedia)


Cosmology News -- ScienceDaily Cosmology news. From deep observations of the far reaches of space and time to spectroscopic analysis and more. Read cosmology articles and consider how astronomers view the origin of the universe.

  • Dawn of a galactic collision
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:07 pm

    A riot of color and light dances through this peculiarly shaped galaxy, NGC 5256. Its smoke-like plumes are flung out in all directions and the bright core illuminates the chaotic regions of gas and dust swirling through the galaxy's center. Its odd structure is due to the fact that this is not one […]

  • Doing without dark energy
    on December 14, 2017 at 3:08 pm

    Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of 'dark energy.' Einstein's original equations for General Relativity actually predict cosmic acceleration due to an 'instability,' they argue in a new paper. […]

Scientific American Science news and technology updates from Scientific American

      113 Cosmology (Philosophy of nature)
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