Microorganism

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Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

American Society for Microbiology
MicrobeWiki
Mycology, Mushrooms, Lichens & Protist Center (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Microbiology Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

microorganism : an organism (such as a bacterium or protozoan) of microscopic or ultramicroscopic size — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may be single-celled or multicellular. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the Eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here.

They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45-billion-year-old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. — Wikipedia

Introduction




Microorganism (OneZoom Tree of Life Explorer)
Microorganism (Tree of Life Web Project)

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WolframAlpha

Science

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology and bacteriology.

Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound cell organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include eubacteria and archaebacteria. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means.
Microbiologists often rely on molecular biology tools such as DNA sequence based identification, for example 16s rRNA gene sequence used for bacteria identification. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Preservation



I Contain Multitudes (Ed Yong, Goodreads)
I Contain Multitudes (Ed Yong, WorldCat)

History


Museum





Micropia Museum (Official Site)
Micropia Museum (Wikipedia)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education







You are your microbes (Jessica Green and Karen Guillemin, TED-Ed)

The Littlest Organisms (Biology4Kids)
In the Classroom (American Society for Microbiology)

Course



Crash Course Biology (YouTube Channel)

Unseen Life on Earth: An Introduction to Microbiology
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Occupation

Microbiologists (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)

Organization

American Society for Microbiology

News

Nature Microbiology, Science Daily, Phys.org, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression

Fun


Competition



Nikon Small World Motion Photomicrography Competition

Culinary Arts



The beneficial bacteria that make delicious food (Erez Garty, TED-Ed)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

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Microbes and More News -- ScienceDaily Current science articles on microbes and more. Read about viruses, bacteria, fungi and prions and see related videos.

  • Staying in shape: How rod-shaped bacteria grow...
    on May 20, 2019 at 8:50 pm

    Researchers show how the rod-shaped bacteria Bacillus subtilis maintains its precise diameter while growing end to end. […]

  • Synthetic biologists hack bacterial sensors
    on May 20, 2019 at 4:57 pm

    Synthetic biologists have hacked bacterial sensing with a plug-and-play system that could be used to mix-and-match tens of thousands of sensory inputs and genetic outputs. […]

  • How plant viruses can be used to ward off pests...
    on May 20, 2019 at 3:56 pm

    Imagine a technology that could target pesticides to treat specific spots deep within the soil, making them more effective at controlling infestations while limiting their toxicity to the environment. Researchers have taken a step toward that goal. They discovered that a particular plant virus can deliver pesticide molecules deeper below the ground, targeting places normally beyond their reach. […]

  • Virulence factor of the influenza A virus mapped...
    on May 20, 2019 at 1:34 pm

    Researchers have used high-speed microscopy to investigate native structure and conformational dynamics of hemagglutinin in influenza A. […]

  • Researchers document impact of coffee on bowels
    on May 19, 2019 at 4:35 pm

    Coffee drinkers know that coffee helps keep the bowels moving, but researchers in Texas are trying to find out exactly why this is true, and it doesn't seem to be about the caffeine, according to a new study. Researchers, feeding rats coffee and also mixing it with gut bacteria in petri dishes, found that coffee suppressed bacteria and increased muscle motility, regardless of caffeine content. […]


Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Dangerous pathogens use this sophisticated...
    on May 17, 2019 at 7:06 pm

    Gastric cancer, Q fever, Legionnaires' disease, whooping cough—though the infectious bacteria that cause these dangerous diseases are each different, they all utilize the same molecular machinery to infect human cells. Bacteria use this machinery, called a Type IV secretion system (T4SS), to inject toxic molecules into cells and also to spread genes for antibiotic resistance to fellow bacteria. Now, researchers at Caltech have revealed the 3-D molecular architecture of the T4SS from the […]

  • Engineered microbial production of grape flavoring
    on May 17, 2019 at 1:20 pm

    Researchers report a microbial method for producing an artificial grape flavor. Methyl anthranilate (MANT) is a common grape flavoring and odorant compound currently produced through a petroleum-based process that uses large volumes of toxic acid catalysts. […]

  • AI-powered 'knowledge engine' a game-changer for...
    on May 17, 2019 at 12:47 pm

    A groundbreaking project to tackle one of the world's most pressing and complex health challenges—antimicrobial resistance (AMR)—has secured a $1 million boost. UTS will lead a consortium of 26 researchers from 14 organisations in the development of an AMR 'knowledge engine' capable of predicting outbreaks and informing interventions, supported by a grant from the Medical Research Future Fund. […]

  • Evolution in the gut
    on May 16, 2019 at 2:14 pm

    Evolution and dietary habits interact and determine the composition of bacteria in the digestive tract. Many microorganisms in the intestine seem to have developed in sync with their host animals over millions of years. […]

  • Major questions concerning the role of...
    on May 16, 2019 at 11:49 am

    "Microbiology of global change" refers to the research area that explores microbial responses to global warming, natural resource depletion and environmental pollution, as well as feedback mechanisms and functions in climate change. […]