Microorganism

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Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

American Society for Microbiology
MicrobeWiki
Mycology, Mushrooms, Lichens & Protist Center (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Microbiology Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

microorganism : an organism (such as a bacterium or protozoan) of microscopic or ultramicroscopic size — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may be single-celled or multicellular. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the Eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here.

They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45-billion-year-old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. — Wikipedia

Introduction




Microorganism (OneZoom Tree of Life Explorer)
Microorganism (Tree of Life Web Project)

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WolframAlpha

Science

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology and bacteriology.

Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound cell organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include eubacteria and archaebacteria. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means.
Microbiologists often rely on molecular biology tools such as DNA sequence based identification, for example 16s rRNA gene sequence used for bacteria identification. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Preservation



I Contain Multitudes (Ed Yong, Goodreads)
I Contain Multitudes (Ed Yong, WorldCat)

History


Museum





Micropia Museum (Official Site)
Micropia Museum (Wikipedia)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education







You are your microbes (Jessica Green and Karen Guillemin, TED-Ed)

The Littlest Organisms (Biology4Kids)
In the Classroom (American Society for Microbiology)

Course



Crash Course Biology (YouTube Channel)

Unseen Life on Earth: An Introduction to Microbiology
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Occupation

Microbiologists (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)

Organization

American Society for Microbiology

News

Nature Microbiology, Science Daily, Phys.org, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression

Fun


Competition



Nikon Small World Motion Photomicrography Competition

Culinary Arts



The beneficial bacteria that make delicious food (Erez Garty, TED-Ed)

Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

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    Microbes and More News -- ScienceDaily Current science articles on microbes and more. Read about viruses, bacteria, fungi and prions and see related videos.

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    • Study examines how compound damaged DNA to...
      on February 14, 2019 at 8:31 pm

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    Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

    • Virus-infected bacteria could provide help in the...
      on February 17, 2019 at 7:10 pm

      Viruses don't always kill their microbial hosts. In many cases, they develop a mutually beneficial relationship: the virus establishes itself inside the microbe and, in return, grants its host with immunity against attack by similar viruses. […]

    • More scrutiny needed for less-deadly foodborne...
      on February 13, 2019 at 8:24 pm

      Employing advanced genetic-tracing techniques and sharing the data produced in real time could limit the spread of bacteria—Bacillus cereus—which cause foodborne illness, according to researchers who implemented whole-genome sequencing of a pathogen-outbreak investigation. […]

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      on February 13, 2019 at 5:29 pm

      Research team studies the compelling connection between one of NIH's "most wanted" bacteria and mental health. […]

    • Hard-to-detect antibiotic resistance an...
      on February 11, 2019 at 4:00 pm

      Even when antibiotics are used to treat bacteria susceptible to them, sometimes the antibiotic chosen is ineffective. One of the reasons for this is heteroresistance, a phenomenon explored in depth by Uppsala and Emory University researchers in a new study. […]

    • Scientists advance new technology to protect...
      on February 11, 2019 at 2:21 pm

      Before the 2014 Toledo Water Crisis left half a million residents without safe drinking water for three days, Dr. Jason Huntley's research at The University of Toledo focused on bacteria that cause pneumonia. […]