Parrot

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parrot : any of numerous widely distributed tropical birds (order Psittaciformes and especially family Psittacidae) that are often crested and brightly colored, have a distinctive stout hooked bill and zygodactyl feet, and include some excellent mimics — Webster

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Parrots, also known as psittacines, are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions. The order is subdivided into three superfamilies: the Psittacoidea (“true” parrots), the Cacatuoidea (cockatoos), and the Strigopoidea (New Zealand parrots). Parrots have a generally pantropical distribution with several species inhabiting temperate regions in the Southern Hemisphere, as well. The greatest diversity of parrots is in South America and Australasia.

Characteristic features of parrots include a strong, curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. Most parrots exhibit little or no sexual dimorphism in the visual spectrum. They form the most variably sized bird order in terms of length. The most important components of most parrots’ diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds, and other plant material. A few species sometimes eat animals and carrion, while the lories and lorikeets are specialised for feeding on floral nectar and soft fruits. Almost all parrots nest in tree hollows (or nest boxes in captivity), and lay white eggs from which hatch altricial (helpless) young.

Parrots, along with ravens, crows, jays, and magpies, are among the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets. Trapping wild parrots for the pet trade, as well as hunting, habitat loss, and competition from invasive species, has diminished wild populations, with parrots being subjected to more exploitation than any other group of birds. — Wikipedia

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Parrots, songbirds pack more neurons into their forebrains than most mammals (Devi Shastri, Science Magazine)
Bird brains are dense—with neurons (John Timmer, Ars Technica)
The Secret Behind Birds’ Brainy Feats Revealed (Tia Ghose, Live Science)

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Macaw and Parrot Clay Licks (Go Tambopata)
About Tambopata National Reserve (Go Tambopata)
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Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Bromethalin is poisoning the parrots of Telegraph...
    on March 18, 2019 at 9:07 pm

    Bromethalin, a common rat poison, is the agent responsible for a neurological disease that has sickened or killed birds from a popular flock of naturalized parrots that reside primarily in the Telegraph Hill area in north San Francisco, according to a new study led by the University of Georgia Infectious Diseases Laboratory and funded by Mickaboo Companion Bird Rescue. […]

  • Back to the drawing board for conservationists...
    on March 18, 2019 at 3:58 pm

    A study into the effectiveness of disinfecting birds' nests, carried out by the University of Kent, has led to a breakthrough in the understanding of biosecuity measures for the endangered echo parakeet in Mauritius. The research team found that annual disinfection of parakeet nest sites prior to the breeding season, intended to reduce the spread of infectious disease in endangered parrot species, didn't have the impact conservationists expected leading to recommendation for a different […]

  • FAA's close ties to Boeing questioned after 2...
    on March 15, 2019 at 11:10 am

    For more than six decades, the Federal Aviation Administration has relied on employees of airplane manufacturers to do government-required safety inspections as planes are being designed or assembled. […]

  • From busking pigeons to head banging sea lions...
    on March 14, 2019 at 3:00 pm

    A pigeon bopping along to a busker playing "Blurred Lines" by Robin Thicke and Pharrell Williams set Twitter abuzz in 2013. It's certainly a catchy tune that I can't help but tap my foot along to, but is that really what the pigeon is doing? […]

  • Study shows parrots can pass classic test of...
    on February 26, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    Usually, calling someone a bird-brain is meant as an insult, but an African grey parrot named Griffin is rewriting the rules when it comes to avian intelligence. […]