Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life / Animal / Vertebrate / Tortoise


Thera Planet (YouTube Channel)


tortoise : any of a family (Testudinidae) of terrestrial turtles — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Tortoises are a family, Testudinidae. Testudinidae is a Family under the order Testudines and suborder Cryptodira. There are fourteen extant families of the order Testudines, an order of reptile commonly known as turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. The suborder Cryptodira is a suborder of Testudines that includes most living tortoises and turtles. Cryptodira differ from Pluerodia in that they lower their necks and pull the heads straight back into the shells, instead of folding their necks sideways along the body under the shells’ marginals. The testudines are some of the most ancient reptiles alive. — Wikipedia

Tortoise (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Tortoises (One Zoom)
Testudines (Catalogue of Life)
Tortoise (WolframAlpha)




Herpetology is the branch of zoology concerned with the study of amphibians (including frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians) and reptiles (including snakes, lizards, amphisbaenids, turtles, terrapins, tortoises, crocodilians, and the tuataras). Birds, which are cladistically included within Reptilia, are traditionally excluded here; the scientific study of birds is the subject of ornithology. Thus, the definition of herpetology can be more precisely stated as the study of ectothermic (cold-blooded) tetrapods. Under this definition “herps” (or sometimes “herptiles” or “herpetofauna”) exclude fish, but it is not uncommon for herpetological and ichthyological scientific societies to collaborate. — Wikipedia

Herpetology (Encyclopædia Britannica)

126 questions with answers in Herpetology (Research Gate)




DDC: 597.92 Tortoise (Library Thing)
Subject: Tortoise (Library Thing)

Subject: Tortoise (Open Library)

LCC: QL 666.C5 Tortoise (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Tortoise (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 666.C5 Tortoise (Library of Congress)
Subject: Tortoise (Library of Congress)

Subject: Tortoise (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Sam Noble Museum (YouTube Channel)
Sam Noble Museum (Official Website)

How to be a Herpetologist (Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles)

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


World Congress of Herpetology
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles
The Herpetologists’ League

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Zoological Association of America
Association of Zoos and Aquariums


Journal of Herpetology (Society for Study of Amphibians and Reptiles)
Herpetologica (The Herpetologists’ League)
Ichthyology & Herpetology (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists)
Herpetology (Nature)

Tortoise (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Tortoise (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Tortoises (JSTOR)
Tortoise (Science Daily)
Tortoise (Science News)
Tortoise (
Tortoise (NPR Archives)



Tortoise (


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Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.