Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life /Animal / Mammal / Whale




whale : any of various very large, aquatic, marine mammals (order Cetacea) that have a torpedo-shaped body with a thick layer of blubber, paddle-shaped forelimbs but no hind limbs, a horizontally flattened tail, and nostrils that open externally at the top of the head — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals. They are an informal grouping within the infraorder Cetacea, usually excluding dolphins and porpoises. Whales are creatures of the open ocean; they feed, mate, give birth, suckle and raise their young at sea. So extreme is their adaptation to life underwater that they are unable to survive on land. Whales range in size from the 2.6 metres (8.5 ft) and 135 kilograms (298 lb) dwarf sperm whale to the 29.9 metres (98 ft) and 190 metric tons (210 short tons) blue whale, which is the largest creature that has ever lived. The sperm whale is the largest toothed predator on earth. Several species exhibit sexual dimorphism, in that the females are larger than males. Baleen whales have no teeth; instead they have plates of baleen, a fringe-like structure used to expel water while retaining the krill and plankton which they feed on. They use their throat pleats to expand the mouth to take in huge gulps of water. Balaenids have heads that can make up 40% of their body mass to take in water. Toothed whales, on the other hand, have conical teeth designed for catching fish or squid. Baleen whales have a well developed sense of “smell”, whereas toothed whales have well-developed hearing − their hearing, that is adapted for both air and water, is so well developed that some can survive even if they are blind. Some species, such as sperm whales, are well adapted for diving to great depths to catch squid and other favoured prey.– Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica


Types of Whales (Whale Facts)


Whale World, Whales Portal (Wikipedia)





Note: These are 360° Videos — press and hold to explore!

TheBluVR (Official Website)





Quotations Page


The Whale Museum


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library





OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


The Center for Whale Research
American Cetacean Society


The Center for Whale Research, Top Whale RSS Feeds
Science Daily, Phys.org, NPR Archives












OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form


Song Lyrics


A Literary History of Whales (Literary Hub)
Whales in Literature (Whale World)
Fictional Whales (Category, Wikipedia)
Whales in Fiction (Category, Wikipedia)


Whale Mythology from around the World
The Folklore of the Whale (Arthur Waugh, JSTOR)


More News …

Dolphins and Whales News -- ScienceDaily Whales and dolphins. Whale songs, beaching, endangered status -- current research news on all cetaceans.

  • Enhanced statistical models will aid conservation...
    on January 17, 2022 at 2:30 pm

    Retrieving an accurate picture of what a tagged animal does as it journeys through its environment requires statistical analysis, especially when it comes to animal movement, and the methods statisticians use are always evolving to make full use of the large and complex data sets that are available. A recent study by researchers at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries (IOF) and the UBC department of statistics has taken us a step closer to understanding the behaviours of northern resident […]

  • Earth's first giant
    on December 23, 2021 at 7:30 pm

    The two-meter skull of an enormous new ichthyosaur species, Earth's first known giant creature, reveals how both the extinct marine reptiles and modern whales became giants.

  • After thousands of years, an iconic whale...
    on December 17, 2021 at 3:27 pm

    The iconic tusked whale of the Arctic has a new enemy -- noise. A unique study shows that narwhals are highly affected by noise from ships and seismic airgun pulses -- even at 20-30 kilometers away. As ice melts, noise levels in the Arctic are rising, worrying scientists about the future of narwhals.

  • Baleens read like a whale's history book
    on December 8, 2021 at 5:33 pm

    Chemically analyzing sequential samples from the baleen of dead whales makes it possible to read not only the history of the diet, but also the migration route of the animals. In a new study, researchers present their results of a novel way of analyzing nitrogen isotopes in animal tissue.

  • Forty percent of North Atlantic right whale...
    on December 2, 2021 at 8:39 pm

    A new study confirms that the Gulf of St. Lawrence is an important habitat for a large proportion of the endangered North Atlantic right whale population.

Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Fossil named after Nevada brewer who named his...
    on January 16, 2022 at 10:48 am

    First, the beer was named for the fossil.

  • Ecuador expands sea life protections around...
    on January 15, 2022 at 8:35 am

    Ecuador created a massive new marine reserve Friday north of its Galapagos islands, forming a Pacific corridor up to Costa Rica's Cocos Island National Park to preserve species of migratory fauna, such as sharks.

  • Biologist discusses 100 years of research in...
    on January 13, 2022 at 1:21 pm

    Dominance hierarchies were first described in chickens a century ago by a Norwegian zoologist who coined the term "pecking order."

  • Bones of whale extinct for 300 years that were...
    on January 12, 2022 at 9:18 pm

    A couple walking on a North Carolina beach made a rare discovery that could help researchers solve mysteries from long ago.

  • Antarctica's unique ecosystem is threatened by...
    on January 11, 2022 at 3:30 pm

    Antarctica has been relatively isolated from the rest of the world for millions of years but these days ships could potentially introduce marine animals and seaweeds. Invasive species can have drastic consequences for ecosystems, for example by taking over areas and creating a new habitat or becoming predators for species with no suitable defenses.


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm


Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Life Cell, Gene, Tree of Life
Plant Flower, Tree
Invertebrate Cuttlefish, Octopus, Ant, Bee, Butterfly, Spider, Lobster
Vertebrate Fish, Seahorse, Ray, Shark, Frog, Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Bat, Rabbit, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Whale, Dolphin, Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.