Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Life /Animal / Mammal / Whale


Natural World Facts (Leo Richards, YouTube Channel)
Natural World Facts (Leo Richards, Official Website)

Whales (Ocean: Find Your Blue, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)
Cetacean Fact Sheets (American Cetacean Society)

Whales (One Zoom)
Whale (WolframAlpha)


whale : any of various very large, aquatic, marine mammals (order Cetacea) that have a torpedo-shaped body with a thick layer of blubber, paddle-shaped forelimbs but no hind limbs, a horizontally flattened tail, and nostrils that open externally at the top of the head — Webster   See also   OneLook


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals. They are an informal grouping within the infraorder Cetacea, usually excluding dolphins and porpoises. Whales are creatures of the open ocean; they feed, mate, give birth, suckle and raise their young at sea. So extreme is their adaptation to life underwater that they are unable to survive on land. Whales range in size from the 2.6 metres (8.5 ft) and 135 kilograms (298 lb) dwarf sperm whale to the 29.9 metres (98 ft) and 190 metric tons (210 short tons) blue whale, which is the largest creature that has ever lived. — Wikipedia

Whale (Encyclopædia Britannica)




Cetology is the branch of marine mammal science that studies the approximately eighty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises in the scientific order Cetacea. — Wikipedia

Mammalogy is the study of mammals – a class of vertebrates with characteristics such as homeothermic metabolism, fur, four-chambered hearts, and complex nervous systems. Mammalogy has also been known as “mastology,” “theriology,” and “therology.” The major branches of mammalogy include natural history, taxonomy and systematics, anatomy and physiology, ethology, ecology, and management. — Wikipedia

Mammalogy (Encyclopædia Britannica)

The Science of Mammalogy (The American Society of Mammalogists)




DDC: 599.52 Whales (Library Thing)
Subject: Whales (Library Thing)

Subject: Whales (Open Library)

LCC: QL 737.C4 Whales (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Whales (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 737.C4 Whales (Library of Congress)
Subject: Whales (Library of Congress)

Subject: Whales (WorldCat)




Cetacean Curriculum (American Cetacean Society)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Cetologists , or those who practice cetology, seek to understand and explain cetacean evolution, distribution, morphology, behavior, community dynamics, and other topics. — Wikipedia

Careers in Mammalogy (American Society of Mammalogists)

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


American Cetacean Society

Society for Marine Mammalogy

American Society of Mammalogists
The Mammal Society


Marine Mammal Science (Society for Marine Mammalogy)

Mammal Review (The Mammal Society)
Journal of Mammalogy (American Society of Mammalogists)
Mammalian Species (American Society of Mammalogists)

Whales (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Whales (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Whales (Science Daily)
Whales (Science News)
Whales (Phys.org)
Whales (NPR Archives)



Whale (USA.gov)


More News …

Dolphins and Whales News -- ScienceDaily Whales and dolphins. Whale songs, beaching, endangered status -- current research news on all cetaceans.

  • How whale shark rhodopsin evolved to see, in the...
    on March 29, 2023 at 1:19 pm

    A group of researchers discovered that the rhodopsin -- a protein in the eye that detects light -- of whale sharks has changed to efficiently detect blue light, which penetrates deep-sea water easily. The amino acid substitutions -- one of which is counterintuitively associated with congenital stationary night blindness in humans -- aid in detecting the low levels of light in the deep-sea. Although these changes make the whale shark rhodopsin less thermally stable the deep-sea temperature, […]

  • Inbreeding contributes to decline of endangered...
    on March 20, 2023 at 6:37 pm

    The small size and isolation of the endangered population of Southern Resident killer whales in the Pacific Northwest have led to high levels of inbreeding. This inbreeding has contributed to their decline, which has continued as surrounding killer whale populations expand, according to new research.

  • Unraveling whale entanglement risk factors off...
    on March 20, 2023 at 6:37 pm

    New research is beginning to unravel the times of year and locations where whales are at greatest danger of entanglement in fishing gear on the Oregon Coast.

  • Minke whales are as small as a lunge-feeding...
    on March 13, 2023 at 4:09 pm

    A new study of Antarctic minke whales reveals a minimum size limit for whales employing the highly efficient 'lunge-feeding' strategy that enabled the blue whale to become the largest animal on Earth.

  • Toothed whales catch food in the deep using vocal...
    on March 3, 2023 at 3:53 pm

    Toothed whales, such as dolphins, killer whales and sperm whales communicate and catch food exclusively with sound. Now researchers have for the first time found they evolved a new sound source in their nose that is functionally the same as the human larynx.

Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Whether you're a snorkeler or CEO, you can help...
    on March 30, 2023 at 6:47 pm

    What if we told you the world has forests harboring creatures with three hearts and where the canopy can grow by a foot a day? What if we told you it was silently disappearing? What if we told you we now have the chance to bring it back?

  • New research using fossils of whale ancestors...
    on March 30, 2023 at 3:51 pm

    Modern cetaceans—whales and dolphins—have one of the largest size ranges of any living animal group, ranging from as small as 1.5 meters long to as much as 30. However, a new study reveals this diversity came much later in their evolution than expected.

  • Nature favors all creatures great and small over...
    on March 29, 2023 at 6:00 pm

    Life may come in all shapes and sizes, but in nature the most extreme size ranges predominate, according to Rutgers researchers.

  • Rare video of wombats offers a glimpse into the...
    on March 29, 2023 at 5:40 pm

    If you look at where wombats deposit their poo, you realize they must be able to perform some surprising acrobatics. It has always amazed me to see wombat scats on top of grass tussocks or logs, because I've always wondered how the stocky creatures must have maneuvered themselves to put it there.

  • Integrating unique long-term datasets reveals how...
    on March 29, 2023 at 3:10 pm

    For California's Central Coast, wind is much more than weather.


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.