Jupiter

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Juno Mission (NASA)
Mission Juno (Southwest Research Institute)

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General

Portal

Solar System Exploration: Jupiter (NASA)
Jupiter Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

Jupiter : the largest of the planets and fifth in order from the sun — Webster

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Encyclopedia

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is a gas giant, along with Saturn, with the other two giant planets, Uranus and Neptune, being ice giants. Jupiter was known to astronomers of ancient times. The Romans named it after their god Jupiter.

Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen with a quarter of its mass being helium, though helium comprises only about a tenth of the number of molecules. It may also have a rocky core of heavier elements, but like the other giant planets, Jupiter lacks a well-defined solid surface. Because of its rapid rotation, the planet’s shape is that of an oblate spheroid (it has a slight but noticeable bulge around the equator). The outer atmosphere is visibly segregated into several bands at different latitudes, resulting in turbulence and storms along their interacting boundaries. A prominent result is the Great Red Spot, a giant storm that is known to have existed since at least the 17th century when it was first seen by telescope. Surrounding Jupiter is a faint planetary ring system and a powerful magnetosphere. Jupiter has at least 67 moons, including the four large Galilean moons discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Ganymede, the largest of these, has a diameter greater than that of the planet Mercury. — Wikipedia

Jupiter (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science
Encyclopædia Britannica

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NASA Investigates Invisible Magnetic Bubbles in Outer Solar System (NASA Goddard)
Juno shows Jupiter’s magnetic field is very different from Earth’s (Bob Yirka, Phys.org)


In this animation the viewer is taken low over Jupiter’s north pole to illustrate the 3-D aspects of the region’s central cyclone and the eight cyclones that encircle it.

The movie utilizes imagery derived from data collected by the Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) instrument aboard NASA’s Juno mission during its fourth pass over the massive planet. Infrared cameras are used to sense the temperature of Jupiter’s atmosphere and provide insight into how the powerful cyclones at Jupiter’s poles work. In the animation, the yellow areas are warmer (or deeper into Jupiter’s atmosphere) and the dark areas are colder (or higher up in Jupiter’s atmosphere). In this picture the highest “brightness temperature” is around 260K (about -13°C) and the lowest around 190K (about -83°C). The “brightness temperature” is a measurement of the radiance, at 5 µm, traveling upward from the top of the atmosphere towards Juno, expressed in units of temperature.

NASA’s Juno Mission Provides Infrared Tour of Jupiter’s North Pole (NASA)






How a NASA scientist looks in the depths of the Great Red Spot to find water on Jupiter (Lonnie Shekhtman, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center)


Preservation

History



Babylonian astronomers used geometry to track Jupiter (Philip Ball, Nature)

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All About Jupiter (Space Place, NASA)
Jupiter (Cosmos4Kids)

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Crash Course Astronomy (YouTube)

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Science Daily, Phys.org

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Jupiter (NASA)

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USA.gov

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Gaze Upon Jupiter’s Enormity in this Amazing Fly-By Video (Harley Locke, Wired)
NASA gives Jupiter the Van Gogh treatment with magnificent new image (Jackson Ryan, CNET)

Fiction

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Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

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Jupiter News -- ScienceDaily Jupiter Research. From Hubble's latest pictures of Jupiter's new red spot to astronomy articles on Jupiter's moons, learn all the Jupiter facts here.

  • First exposed planetary core discovered allows...
    on July 1, 2020 at 4:54 pm

    The surviving core of a gas giant has been discovered orbiting a distant star, offering an unprecedented glimpse into the interior of a planet.

  • Are planets with oceans common in the galaxy?...
    on June 19, 2020 at 1:05 pm

    Several years ago, planetary scientists began to wonder whether any of the more than 4,000 known exoplanets, or planets beyond our solar system, might resemble some of the watery moons around Jupiter and Saturn.

  • ATLAS telescope discovers first-of-its-kind...
    on May 22, 2020 at 1:55 pm

    An extraordinary asteroid with comet-like features has researchers puzzled.

  • Telescopes and spacecraft join forces to probe...
    on May 7, 2020 at 8:39 pm

    NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and the ground-based Gemini Observatory in Hawaii have teamed up with the Juno spacecraft to probe the mightiest storms in the solar system, taking place more than 500 million miles away on the giant planet Jupiter.

  • Newly discovered exoplanet dethrones former king...
    on April 29, 2020 at 5:40 pm

    A team of astronomers has discovered a planet three times the mass of Jupiter in the Kepler-88 system. The team found that Kepler-88 d is the most massive known planet in this system - not Kepler-88 c as previously thought.


Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • The quest to find signs of ancient life on Mars
    on July 11, 2020 at 6:50 am

    Mars may now be considered a barren, icy desert but did Earth's nearest neighbour once harbour life?

  • Two bizarre brown dwarfs found with citizen...
    on July 10, 2020 at 8:52 pm

    With the help of citizen scientists, astronomers have discovered two highly unusual brown dwarfs, balls of gas that are not massive enough to power themselves the way stars do.

  • Building NASA's Psyche: design done, now full...
    on July 7, 2020 at 8:44 pm

    Psyche, the NASA mission to explore a metal-rock asteroid of the same name, recently passed a crucial milestone that brings it closer to its August 2022 launch date. Now the mission is moving from planning and designing to high-gear manufacturing of the spacecraft hardware that will fly to its target in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.

  • The collective power of the solar system's dark,...
    on July 7, 2020 at 3:01 pm

    The outermost reaches of our solar system are a strange place—filled with dark and icy bodies with nicknames like Sedna, Biden and The Goblin, each of which span several hundred miles across.

  • First exposed planetary core discovered allows...
    on July 1, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    The surviving core of a gas giant has been discovered orbiting a distant star by University of Warwick astronomers, offering an unprecedented glimpse into the interior of a planet.