Mammoth

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Artificial womb could grow mammoth-elephant hybrid, researchers say (Claire Reilly, CNET)

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mammoth : any of a genus (Mammuthus) of extinct Pleistocene mammals of the elephant family distinguished from recent elephants by highly ridged molars, usually large size, very long tusks that curve upward, and well-developed body hair — Webster

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Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, one of the many genera that make up the order of trunked mammals called proboscideans. The various species of mammoth were commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived from the Pliocene epoch (from around 5 million years ago) into the Holocene at about 4,000 years ago, and various species existed in Africa, Europe, Asia, and North America. They were members of the family Elephantidae, which also contains the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.

The oldest representative of Mammuthus, the South African mammoth (M. subplanifrons), appeared around 5 million years ago during the early Pliocene in what is now southern and eastern Africa. Descendant species of these mammoths moved north and continued to propagate into numerous subsequent species, eventually covering most of Eurasia before extending into the Americas at least 600,000 years ago. The last species to emerge, the woolly mammoth (M. primigenius), developed about 400,000 years ago in East Asia, with some surviving on Russia’s Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean until as recently as roughly 3,700 to 4,000 years ago, still in existence during the construction of the Great Pyramid of ancient Egypt. — Wikipedia

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About Mammoths (University of California Museum of Paleontology)
Brief introduction to the Mammoth (Gennady Baryshnikov, Illinois State Museum)

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Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Scientists resurrected a Wrangel Island mammoth's...
    on February 7, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    Some 4,000 years ago, a tiny population of woolly mammoths died out on Wrangel Island, a remote Arctic refuge off the coast of Siberia.

  • Testing seawater of the future? A study at...
    on February 5, 2020 at 2:27 pm

    University of Otago scientists are leading research into the possibility that the shallow submarine vents off New Zealand's volcanic Whakaari/White Island could provide a natural laboratory to study the impacts of future climate change on our oceans.

  • Drug lord's hippos make their mark on foreign...
    on January 29, 2020 at 8:42 pm

    Four hours east of Medellin in northern Colombia's Puerto Triunfo municipality, the sprawling hacienda constructed by infamous drug lord Pablo Escobar of "Narcos" fame has become a tourist attraction. When Escobar's empire crashed, the exotic animals housed at his family's zoo, including rhinos, giraffes and zebras, were safely relocated to new homes... except for the hippopotamuses.

  • Rewilding could prevent Arctic permafrost thaw...
    on January 27, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    The wide-scale introduction of large herbivores to the Arctic tundra to restore the "mammoth steppe" grassland ecosystem and mitigate global warming is economically viable, suggests a new paper from the University of Oxford.

  • Jumbo undertaking: Elephant milk under the...
    on January 20, 2020 at 1:40 pm

    On a recent sunny day at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park, a team of specialized zookeepers collected breast milk samples from two female elephants nursing their 1-year-old calves. Unlike the mechanical breast pumps used by human mothers, or the machines employed by dairy cow farmers, the process requires hands-on expertise. It's something of a mammoth effort: Success depends a lot upon how the elephant mothers, called dams, are feeling that day.