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The Zoological World (YouTube Channel)
The Zoological World (Official Website)


penguin : any of various erect short-legged flightless aquatic birds (family Spheniscidae) of the southern hemisphere — Webster   See also   OneLook


Penguins are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, with only one species, the Galapagos penguin, found north of the equator. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sea life which they catch while swimming underwater. They spend roughly half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea.

Although almost all penguin species are native to the Southern Hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos penguin, lives near the equator. — Wikipedia

Penguin (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Penguins (Ocean: Find Your Blue, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)
Penguins (SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment)

Penguins (One Zoom)
Sphenisciformes (Catalogue of Life)
Penguins (WolframAlpha)




Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them. A wide range of tools and techniques are used in ornithology, both inside the laboratory and out in the field. Most biologists who consider themselves to be “Ornithologists” study specific categories, such as Anatomy, Taxonomy, or Ecology lifestyles and behaviors. — Wikipedia

Ornithology (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Introduction to Ornithology (Environmental Science)




DDC: 598.47 Penguins (Library Thing)
Subject: Penguins (Library Thing)

Subject: Penguins (Open Library)

LCC: QL 696.S473 Penguins (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Penguins (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QL 696.S473 Penguins (Library of Congress)
Subject: Penguins (Library of Congress)

Subject: Penguins (WorldCat)




MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



What is an Ornithologist? (Environmental Science)

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)


Ornithological Council
American Ornithological Society
National Audubon Society


Ornithology (American Ornithological Society)
Audubon Magazine (National Audubon Society)

Penguins (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Penguins (bioRxiv: Preprint Server for Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)
Penguins (Science Daily)
Penguins (Science News)
Penguins (
Penguins (NPR Archives)



Penguin (


More News … - latest science and technology news stories internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • New research using fossils of whale ancestors...
    on March 30, 2023 at 3:51 pm

    Modern cetaceans—whales and dolphins—have one of the largest size ranges of any living animal group, ranging from as small as 1.5 meters long to as much as 30. However, a new study reveals this diversity came much later in their evolution than expected.

  • Mighty oceans and humble ponds play key roles in...
    on March 28, 2023 at 5:24 pm

    By monitoring oceans and peering into ponds, European projects seek to protect an array of animal and plant life.

  • Bird flu associated with hundreds of seal deaths...
    on March 15, 2023 at 4:00 pm

    Researchers at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University found that an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was associated with the deaths of more than 330 New England harbor and gray seals along the North Atlantic coast in June and July 2022, and the outbreak was connected to a wave of avian influenza in birds in the region.

  • How disgust-related avoidance behaviors help...
    on March 14, 2023 at 2:56 pm

    Animals risk getting sick every day, just like humans, but how do they deal with that risk? An international team led by Dr. Cecile Sarabian from the University of Hong Kong (HKU) examines the use of disgust-related avoidance behaviors amongst animals and their role in survival strategy.

  • Penguin paradise and geological freak: Why...
    on March 10, 2023 at 5:15 pm

    Macquarie Island, around 1,500km southeast of Tasmania, is more than just a remote rocky outcrop. In fact, it's the only piece of land on the planet formed completely from ocean floor, which rises above the waves to form peaks that teem with penguins and other bird species, some of them found nowhere else on Earth.


Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human



1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.