These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…
Fundamental Physical Constants (Institute for Chemistry and Biochemistry)
Physics, Constants, Units, & Uncertainty (NIST)
CODATA Internationally recommended values of the Fundamental Physical Constants (NIST)
CODATA Internationally recommended values of the Fundamental Physical Constants, Universal (NIST)
Physics Fundamentals (Martindale’s Reference Desk)
Physical constant, sometimes called fundamental physical constant or universal constant, is a physical quantity that is generally believed to be both universal in nature and have constant value in time. It is contrasted with a mathematical constant, which has a fixed numerical value, but does not directly involve any physical measurement.
There are many physical constants in science, some of the most widely recognized being the speed of light in vacuum c, the gravitational constant G, Planck’s constant h, the electric constant ε0, and the elementary charge e. Physical constants can take many dimensional forms: the speed-of-light signifies a maximum speed for any object and is expressed dimensionally as length divided by time; while the fine-structure constant α, which characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction, is dimensionless. — Wikipedia
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Liquid crystals in nanopores produce a...
on April 25, 2019 at 2:10 pm
Negative pressure governs not only the Universe or the quantum vacuum. This phenomenon, although of a different nature, appears also in liquid crystals confined in nanopores. At the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow, a method has been presented that for the first time makes it possible to estimate the amount of negative pressure in spatially limited liquid crystal systems. […]
Mystery of the universe's expansion rate widens...
on April 25, 2019 at 2:00 pm
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope say they have crossed an important threshold in revealing a discrepancy between the two key techniques for measuring the universe's expansion rate. The recent study strengthens the case that new theories may be needed to explain the forces that have shaped the cosmos. […]
Students develop acoustic device to detect whales...
on April 23, 2019 at 12:54 pm
A group of six ocean engineering students at the University of Rhode Island has developed an acoustic device that successfully detects the sounds made by whales and other marine mammals in the vicinity of the Block Island Wind Farm. The invention was created for the students' senior capstone design class, a yearlong project that requires students to call upon all of the skills and knowledge they learned during their college careers. […]
First-ever open public alerts now available from...
on April 23, 2019 at 12:35 pm
Two new probable gravitational waves—ripples in the fabric of spacetime caused by cataclysmic cosmic events and first predicted by Albert Einstein over 100 years ago—have been detected by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and the Virgo observatory in Italy in the first weeks after the detectors were updated. The source of both waves is believed to be the merging of a pair of black holes. […]
Droplet trains reveal how nature navigates blood...
on April 23, 2019 at 11:08 am
Nearing a decision point, online traffic maps recommend a less-crowded route over the other ways with several slow spots. For most of us, the choice seems clear. Still, have you ever wondered whether this collectively preferring one path may result in a new traffic jam along the chosen road? Indeed, traffic congestions constantly change as the accumulation of drivers' preferences for the "faster path" create new problems. These alternating groups in a system are called a network oscillation. […]