Physical Constant

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Physical Realm
Physical Laws (Constants) Relativity
Matter Molecule, Atom (Periodic Table), Particle
Force Gravity, Electromagnetism (Light, Color)


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Fundamental Physical Constants (Institute for Chemistry and Biochemistry)
Physics, Constants, Units, & Uncertainty (NIST)
CODATA Internationally recommended values of the Fundamental Physical Constants (NIST)
CODATA Internationally recommended values of the Fundamental Physical Constants, Universal (NIST)
Physics Fundamentals (Martindale’s Reference Desk)


Physical constant, sometimes called fundamental physical constant or universal constant, is a physical quantity that is generally believed to be both universal in nature and have constant value in time. It is contrasted with a mathematical constant, which has a fixed numerical value, but does not directly involve any physical measurement.

There are many physical constants in science, some of the most widely recognized being the speed of light in vacuum c, the gravitational constant G, Planck’s constant h, the electric constant ε0, and the elementary charge e. Physical constants can take many dimensional forms: the speed-of-light signifies a maximum speed for any object and is expressed dimensionally as length divided by time; while the fine-structure constant α, which characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction, is dimensionless. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica
Physical Constants (Eric Weisstein’s World of Physics, Wolfram Research)


Physical Constants (Wolfram Alpha)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

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