Solar System

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Cosma’s Solar System Gallery

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Physical Realm
Universe Astronomical Instrument
Galaxy Milky Way, Andromeda
Planetary System Star, Brown Dwarf, Planet, Moon

Solar System Sun
Terrestrial Planet Mercury, Venus, Earth (Moon), Mars
Asteroid Belt Ceres, Vesta
Jovian Planet Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Trans-Neptunian Object
Kuiper Belt Pluto, Haumea, Makemake
Scattered Disc Eris, Sedna, Planet X
Oort Cloud Etc. Scholz’s Star
Small Body Comet, Centaur, Asteroid

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

Solar System and Beyond (NASA)
Solar System Exploration (NASA)
Solar System Simulator : View Anyplace from Anyplace (NASA, JPL)
Astrogeology Science Center (USGS)

Our Sun & Solar System Internet Resources (Library of Congress)
Solar System Portal (Wikipedia)

Dictionary

Solar System : the sun together with the group of celestial bodies that are held by its attraction and revolve around it; also : a similar system centered on another star — Webster

OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, Urban Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Solar System is the gravitationally bound system comprising the Sun and the objects that orbit it, either directly or indirectly. Of those objects that orbit the Sun directly, the largest eight are the planets, with the remainder being significantly smaller objects, such as dwarf planets and small Solar System bodies. Of the objects that orbit the Sun indirectly, the moons, two are larger than the smallest planet, Mercury.

The Solar System formed 4.6 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of a giant interstellar molecular cloud. The vast majority of the system’s mass is in the Sun, with most of the remaining mass contained in Jupiter. The four smaller inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars, are terrestrial planets, being primarily composed of rock and metal. The four outer planets are giant planets, being substantially more massive than the terrestrials. The two largest, Jupiter and Saturn, are gas giants, being composed mainly of hydrogen and helium; the two outermost planets, Uranus and Neptune, are ice giants, being composed mostly of substances with relatively high melting points compared with hydrogen and helium, called volatiles, such as water, ammonia and methane. All planets have almost circular orbits that lie within a nearly flat disc called the ecliptic. — Wikipedia

Solar System (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
Planets (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Introduction



A Traveler’s Guide to the Planets (National Geographic Channel)

Note: These are 360° Videos — press and hold to explore!

Search

Solar System (Wolfram Alpha)
Planets (Wolfram Alpha)

Science



Weight on Other Planets (Online Conversion.com)





The Planets We Don’t Have (Adam Frank, NPR)

Note: This is a 360° Video — press and hold to explore it!

Preservation

History



Almagest (Wikipedia)
Ptolemy (Wikipedia)



Orrery (Wikipedia)


Solar System Exploration at 50 (NASA)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Participation

Education


Solar System (Space Place, NASA)
Solar System Explorer (Space Place, NASA)
NASA Virtual Field Trip: Solar System Math
Our Solar System (Ask an Astronomer, Cornell University)
The Nine Planets Solar System Tour
Solar System (Cosmos4Kids)
Solar System, More than Planets (Cosmos4Kids)
Solar System II| Exploration (Cosmos4Kids)

Course



Crash Course Astronomy (YouTube)

OER Commons: Open Educational Resources

Community

Organization

The Planetary Society

News

Science Daily, NPR Archives

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Solar System Exploration, planets (NASA)
Eyes on the Solar System (JPL/NASA)

Document

USA.gov

Expression


Fun




Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

returntotop

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Solar System News -- ScienceDaily Solar System Planets. Astronomy articles on the eight planets, plus the two dwarf planets, Pluto and Eris. Great pictures of everything in the solar system. Updated daily.

  • Distant worlds under many suns
    on November 13, 2019 at 3:37 pm

    An astrophysicist has discovered many new multiple star systems that contain exoplanets. For this, he searched more than 1,300 exoplanet host stars. He found that 15 per cent of those stars have at least one companion star, which is only about half the frequency expected for solar like stars. This could indicate that the influence of several stars in a system disrupts the process of planet formation.

  • With Mars methane mystery unsolved, Curiosity...
    on November 12, 2019 at 4:40 pm

    For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in the gases that fill the air directly above the surface of Gale Crater on Mars.

  • Views of giant planet in wild orbit would be...
    on November 5, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    Contrary to previous thought, a gigantic planet in wild orbit does not preclude the presence of an Earth-like planet in the same solar system -- or life on that planet. What's more, the view from that Earth-like planet as its giant neighbor moves past would be unlike anything it is possible to view in our own night skies on Earth.

  • Simulations explain giant exoplanets with...
    on October 30, 2019 at 5:27 pm

    As planetary systems evolve, gravitational interactions between planets can fling some of them into eccentric elliptical orbits around the host star. Smaller planets should be more susceptible to this gravitational scattering, yet many gas giant exoplanets have been observed with eccentric orbits. In fact, the planets with the highest masses tend to be those with the most eccentric orbits. A new study explains these counter-intuitive observations.

  • ESO telescope reveals what could be the smallest...
    on October 28, 2019 at 8:43 pm

    Astronomers using ESO's SPHERE instrument at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) have revealed that the asteroid Hygiea could be classified as a dwarf planet. The object is the fourth largest in the asteroid belt after Ceres, Vesta and Pallas. For the first time, astronomers have observed Hygiea in sufficiently high resolution to study its surface and determine its shape and size. They found that Hygiea is spherical, potentially taking the crown from Ceres as the smallest dwarf planet in the solar […]

  • Study underscores changes in brain structure,...
    on October 28, 2019 at 8:43 pm

    New study demonstrates for the first time that changes in cognitive performance correlate with changes in brain structure in NASA astronauts following spaceflight.

  • Martian landslides not conclusive evidence of ice
    on October 24, 2019 at 11:49 am

    Giant ridges on the surface of landslides on Mars could have formed without ice, challenging their use by some as unequivocal evidence of past ice on the red planet, finds a new study using state-of-the-art satellite data.

  • Mars once had salt lakes similar to those on Earth
    on October 18, 2019 at 10:10 pm

    Mars once had salt lakes that are similar to those on Earth and has gone through wet and dry periods.

  • Origin and chemical makeup of Saturn's Moon...
    on October 18, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    Astronomers exposed acetylene ice -- a chemical that is used on Earth in welding torches and exists at Titan's equatorial regions -- at low temperatures to proxies of high-energy galactic cosmic rays.

  • Ancient stars shed light on Earth's similarities...
    on October 17, 2019 at 6:10 pm

    Earth-like planets may be common in the universe, a new study implies. The team of astrophysicists and geochemists presents new evidence that the Earth is not unique.